Person Centered Psychotherapy
Note: Person centered therapy is also called client centered therapy. importance, however, is the quality of the relationship between client and therapist. Don't fall into the trap of telling them what their problem is or how they should solve it. The therapist acts as a compassionate facilitator, listening without judgment and and the ability to build healthy interpersonal relationships and to trust his or her own Since the client must do a lot of the work in person-centered therapy, those empathetic and with whom you feel comfortable discussing personal issues. Client-centered therapy, sometimes referred to as person-centered therapy, was . Basically, the therapist uses himself/herself within the relationship as an.Role Play: Person Centred Therapy
It does not mean the therapist has to agree with everything the client says or does, however, the therapist should see the client as doing the best he or she can and demonstrate this by expressing concern rather than disagreeing with him or her. Unconditional positive regard allows clients to express how they are thinking without feeling judged, and help to facilitate the change process by showing they can be accepted.
Empathy is different to sympathy in that sympathy is often seen as feeling sorry for the client whereas empathy shows understanding and allows the client to further open up Seligman, I feel as though no one cares about me and that I am all alone.
So you are feeling alone at the moment and as if no one cares. The person-centred approach utilises nondirectiveness as a technique by its therapists. Nondirectiveness refers to allowing clients to be the focus of the therapy session without the therapist giving advice or implementing strategies or activities. Other techniques that person-centred therapists use in the therapeutic process include reflection of feelings, open questions, paraphrasing and encouragers.
Person Centered Psychotherapy
Examples of each follow: So you are feeling confused and angry. I had a car accident the other day and the other person got out and started abusing me. And how did that make you feel? I have been feeling depressed for the past 2 months since I broke up with my partner.
So the feeling of depression is impacting on your everyday life. Uh-huh Applications The person-centred approach can be applied to working with individuals, groups and families Corey, It could also be used in counselling people with unwanted pregnancy, illness or loss of a loved one. When compared with other therapies such as goal-focused therapies, person-centred therapy has been shown to be as effective as them Corey, Strengths Offers a perspective that is up-to-date and optimistic Seligman, Many aspects are relevant to a multicultural perspective Seligman, Has provided a basis for many other therapies such as the emphasis on the client-therapist relationship Seligman, Research has substantiated the importance of the client-therapist relationship Seligman, Clients have a positive experience in therapy when the focus is on them and their problems Clients feel they can express themselves more fully when they are being listened to and not judged.
Weaknesses The approach may lead therapists to just be supportive of clients without challenging them Corey, Difficulty in therapists allowing clients to find their own way Corey, Could be an ineffective way to facilitate therapy if the therapist is non-directive and passive Corey, For example, Freud's theory focused on sexual and aggressive tendencies as the primary forces driving human behavior.
The human potential movement, by contrast, defined human nature as inherently good. From its perspective, human behavior is motivated by a drive to achieve one's fullest potential. Self-actualization, a term derived from the human potential movement, is an important concept underlying person-centered therapy.
It refers to the tendency of all human beings to move forward, grow, and reach their fullest potential. When humans move toward self-actualization, they are also pro-social; that is, they tend to be concerned for others and behave in honest, dependable, and constructive ways. The concept of self-actualization focuses on human strengths rather than human deficiencies. According to Rogers, self-actualization can be blocked by an unhealthy self-concept negative or unrealistic attitudes about oneself.
Rogers adopted terms such as "person-centered approach" and "way of being" and began to focus on personal growth and self-actualization.
He also pioneered the use of encounter groups, adapting the sensitivity training T-group methods developed by Kurt Lewin and other researchers at the National Training Laboratories in the s. More recently, two major variations of person-centered therapy have developed: While person-centered therapy is considered one of the major therapeutic approaches, along with psychoanalytic and cognitive-behavioral therapyRogers's influence is felt in schools of therapy other than his own.
The concepts and methods he developed are used in an eclectic fashion by many different types of counselors and therapists. Process Rogers believed that the most important factor in successful therapy was not the therapist's skill or training, but rather his or her attitude.
Three interrelated attitudes on the part of the therapist are central to the success of person-centered therapy: Congruence refers to the therapist's openness and genuineness—the willingness to relate to clients without hiding behind a professional facade.
Therapists who function in this way have all their feelings available to them in therapy sessions and may share significant emotional reactions with their clients. Congruence does not mean, however, that therapists disclose their own personal problems to clients in therapy sessions or shift the focus of therapy to themselves in any other way.
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Unconditional positive regard means that the therapist accepts the client totally for who he or she is without evaluating or censoring, and without disapproving of particular feelings, actions, or characteristics. The therapist communicates this attitude to the client by a willingness to listen without interrupting, judging, or giving advice. This attitude of positive regard creates a nonthreatening context in which the client feels free to explore and share painful, hostile, defensive, or abnormal feelings without worrying about personal rejection by the therapist.
The third necessary component of a therapist's attitude is empathy "accurate empathetic understanding". The therapist tries to appreciate the client's situation from the client's point of view, showing an emotional understanding of and sensitivity to the client's feelings throughout the therapy session. In other systems of therapy, empathy with the client would be considered a preliminary step to enabling the therapeutic work to proceed; but in person-centered therapy, it actually constitutes a major portion of the therapeutic work itself.
A primary way of conveying this empathy is by active listening that shows careful and perceptive attention to what the client is saying.
Person Centered Therapy
This technique shows that the therapist is listening carefully and accurately, and gives clients an added opportunity to examine their own thoughts and feelings as they hear them repeated by another person. He judges and evaluates this image he has of himself as a bore and this valuing will be reflected in his self-esteem. Person Centered Approach Note: Person centered therapy is also called client centered therapy. One major difference between humanistic counselors and other therapists is that they refer to those in therapy as 'clients', not 'patients'.
This is because they see the therapist and client as equal partners rather than as an expert treating a patient. Unlike other therapies the client is responsible for improving his or her life, not the therapist.
This is a deliberate change from both psychoanalysis and behavioral therapies where the patient is diagnosed and treated by a doctor. Instead, the client consciously and rationally decides for themselves what is wrong and what should be done about it. The therapist is more of a friend or counselor who listens and encourages on an equal level. One reason why Rogers rejected interpretation was that he believed that, although symptoms did arise from past experience, it was more useful for the client to focus on the present and future than on the past.
Rather than just liberating clients from their past, as psychodynamic therapists aim to do, Rogerians hope to help their clients to achieve personal growth and eventually to self-actualize. There is an almost total absence of techniques in Rogerian psychotherapy due to the unique character of each counseling relationship.
Of utmost importance, however, is the quality of the relationship between client and therapist. In Corey's view 'a preoccupation with using techniques is seen [from the Rogerian standpoint] as depersonalizing the relationship'.
Person Centred Therapy - Core Conditions | Simply Psychology
The Rogerian client-centered approach puts emphasis on the person coming to form an appropriate understanding of their world and themselves. A person enters person centered therapy in a state of incongruence. It is the role of the therapists to reverse this situation. Core Conditions Client-centered therapy operates according to three basic principles that reflect the attitude of the therapist to the client: The therapist is congruent with the client.
The therapist provides the client with unconditional positive regard. The therapist shows empathetic understanding to the client. Congruence in Counseling Congruence is also called genuineness. Congruence is the most important attribute in counseling, according to Rogers. This means that, unlike the psychodynamic therapist who generally maintains a 'blank screen' and reveals little of their own personality in therapy, the Rogerian is keen to allow the client to experience them as they really are.
In short, the therapist is authentic. Unconditional Positive Regard The next Rogerian core condition is unconditional positive regard. Rogers believed that for people to grow and fulfill their potential it is important that they are valued as themselves. This refers to the therapist's deep and genuine caring for the client.
The therapist may not approve of some of the client's actions, but the therapist does approve of the client.