China–India relations - Wikipedia
The paper focuses on the bilateral issues which hurdles the relations among the two states and looks for the mutual understanding in the important issues for the. mportant decisions at the border should be left to the front-line forces, the PLA has suggested in a rare article on Sino-India military ties. Although the disputed border between China and India is often highlighted as the major sticking point So although US relationships with India and Pakistan are more likely the result of America pursuing This article appeared in the most recent edition of the East Asia Forum Quarterly, 'Ideas from India'.
India claims 43, squares Kilometers of Jammu and Kashmir occupied by China including square kilometers cede to China by Pakistan under a China-Pakistan boundary Agreement. On the other hand China claims 90, square kilometers of territory held by India in Arunachal Pradesh 3 [ 3 ].
After the war, relationship between China and India remained hostile for several decades. China claimed the major territorial concessions in populated areas of Arunachal Pradesh particularly Twang because Chinese claim it to be central to Tibetan Buddhism given that the sixth Dalai Lama was born there 5 [ 4 ].
Major Bilateral Issues between China and India
In the same way, as China seeks return of Arunachal Pradesh on religious grounds, India demands the return of the sacred Mount Kailash Manasrovar in Tibet, since it is a sacred place associated with the Hindu religion 6 [ 5 ]. However, ease on border and overall border relations began to improve following the border agreements in and between the two states.
Since then, both sides have agreed to keep working on the border issue and resolved that any disagreement on border issue should not be allowed to affect the overall bilateral relations. The two sides have also pursued Confidence Building Measures CBMs along the border which includes mutual troop cut, regular meetings of local military commanders and other confidence measures. Further, an additional step was taken for the resolution of border disputes in when both the sides appointed Special Representatives to address the border issue 7 [ 6 ].
Since, then the Special Representatives have held number of talks to resolve the border issue, but so far no breakthrough has been achieved. Moreover, it should also be taken into consideration here that although India has recognized Tibet as a part of China, at the popular level, there remains significant sympathy for the Tibetan cause within India.
Due to the security threats and national interests, neither side is willing to give away their claims or compromise over the disputed territory.
For India, resolving the border issue ranks higher than status of Tibet. However in recent years China shown more aggressive policy towards border issue with India. In Maythe Chinese government denied a visa to an Indian official to visit China on the grounds that he was from Arunachal Pradesh which considers its own territory. On the other side, India regards Arunachal Pradesh as an integral part of Indian Union which merged with Indian Union in constitutionally and in accordance with the consent of the people of Arunachal Pradesh.
Thus, border issue between China and India is one of the delicate issues and needs immediate resolution so that some long lasting peace can be brought in this part of the world.
Water issues between China and India In all the times, water was regarded as a precious commodity and is essential for human existence. That is why, its possession bestows power. The preciousness and possession in geopolitical mechanics makes water a strategic commodity and its role as a strategic asset or vulnerability cannot be over-estimated.
India China Relations
Thus, seen in this context, water can become a source of both contention and cooperation in the context of contemporary world. In case of China and India, water issues are becoming major area of concern between two states. In fact, many strategic thinkers are arguing that disputes relating to water will be major source of conflict between the two countries in the future.
As there are four rivers that flow from China to India, the two countries must have a better understanding relating to water sharing and other attending benefits out of these rivers. A deep analysis of the water issues between the two countries is quiet relevant her. Rivers flowing from China to India There are four rivers descending from four directions of Mount Kailash in the Nagari region of Tibet to the Indian subcontinent 12 [ 10 ].
It then winds to the right of the Namchang Barwe Mountains into Hustang and flows through the eastern region of India becoming the Brahmaputra. It then descends into Bangladesh and finally into Bay of Bengal.
It merges with Ganga and ends up in Bay of Bengal. This is a brief hydrological chart of Tibet which was necessary to show for better understanding of China-India water issues.
General Awareness Topic: India China Relations, Current Affairs
There is no reliable information on the present or proposed water related developments and projects in the upper regions of the rivers that flow into India from Tibet have not been addressed.
India being the lower riparian, will be vulnerable to any major storage projects planned on the Yarlung Tsangpo. Due to the political situation between the two countries, it is hard to imagine China playing the role of a responsible upper riparian by releasing re-regulated flows from power houses immediately book into river.
Higher political level contacts were revived by the visit of the then External Affairs Minister, A. Vajpayee in February During this visit, both sides agreed to develop and expand bilateral relations in all fields. It was also agreed to establish a Joint Working Group JWG to seek fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable solution on the boundary question.
The India–US–China–Pakistan strategic quadrilateral | East Asia Forum
India and China sorted out their differences on the China's practice of issuing visas on a piece of paper to the residents of Jammu and Kashmir.
China had resorted to this practice on the ground that Jammu and Kashmir was a disputed territory. India took strong exception, saying it infringed on its sovereignty and also amounted to China altering its long-standing policy to stay neutral on the Kashmir issue.Current Affairs- IR - SCO, India-China recent developments, Niti Aayog report on RCEP
It was finally sorted out in after China quietly stopped the practice, prompting India to resume defence ties after a year-long hiatus. China maintains that it have sovereignty over whole South China sea while Vietnam lays its claim over the parts of South China sea.
South China sea has proven oil reserves of 7. The agreement between India and Vietnam has strained the relations between not only India and China but also between China and Vietnam. India considers the agreement genuine as during the signing of agreement, China had no control over Tibet.
So far 14 Rounds of Boundary Talks have been held and 15th round is slated to be held in January and both countries have agreed on the continuation of talks and accept that issue will take time to be resolved.
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Despite of many irritants between both nations, New Delhi and Beijing insist on increasing the economic and cultural cooperation.