The Genogram - GenoPro
After a brief history of the origins of the family diagram and genogram, several theoretical basis, rationale for data collection, and interpretation guidelines. explain the differences between family diagrams and genograms. patterns and relationships has been used in family therapy since 70s of 20 th century . Emotional Relationships in genograms. Family relationships may be used is described in the table below. The symbols have been enlarged for better viewing. A genogram is a pictorial display of a person's family relationships and medical history. It goes Genogram symbols will usually have the date of birth (and date of death if applicable) . Genograms are easily created with genealogy software, as advanced software allows the user to include tremendous amounts of data.
Defines a relationship of intense enmity or antipathy in which the individuals wish harm upon each other and take pleasure in each other's misery.
Defines a good relationship between two individuals in which there is mutual respect. Defines a close relationship friendship between two individuals in which they share affection or esteem and engage in mutually helping behaviors. Defines a relationship of deep friendship, where two individuals share a deeper level of understanding, trust and affection than with most other friends.
Defines a relationship of strong positive affection between two individuals, arising from kinship or recognition of attractive qualities.
Defines a relationship of intimacy, passion and commitment based on sexual instinct. Defines a relationship of distrust between two individuals where at least one of the individuals lacks confidence in the other's intentions. Defines a fused relationship between two individuals. Individuals become dependant on one another, and also become inseperable, with little room for their own identities.
Defines a hostile relationship between two individuals where the individuals argue on major issues and feel heightened stress and aggression when they are together.
Defines a distant-hostile relationship between two individuals.
The two individuals rarely come into contact, but when they are in each other's presence, they argue and are hostile towards one another. Defines a close-hostile relationship between two individuals. These people often come into contact, but they argue and keep secrets from one another.
Emotional Relationships in genograms
Defines a fused-hostile relationship between two individuals. These individuals are always together and depend on each other, yet they are unable to live without arguing. Defines a violent relationship between two individuals. The two individuals often come into conflict when they meet which results in extreme actions such as physical force or excessive power. Defines a relationship in which the two individuals rarely see each other, but when they come together, they argue and engage in violent behavior.
Defines a relationship in which two individuals often come into contact, but they argue and are engaged in violent behavior when they are together. Defines a violent behavior in an fused relationship.
Introduction to the Genogram
Fusion compromises the feelings, identities and self-direction of each, thus creating true instability. Defines an abusive relationship.
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This is a generic relationship for situations in which an undertermined type of abuse occurs between two individuals. Defines a relationship in which one individual physically abuses another. It includes any non-accidental injury to an individual, typically to a child or a woman.
This includes hitting, kicking, slapping, shaking, burning, pinching, hair pulling, biting, choking, throwing, shoving, whipping, and paddling. Defines a relationship in which one individual emotionally abuses another. It includes any attitude or behavior which interferes with mental health or social development.
This includes yelling, screaming, name-calling, shaming, negative comparisons to others, telling them they are "bad, no good, worthless" or "a mistake". Defines a relationship in which one individual sexually abuses another.
It includes any sexual act between an adult and child, or a forced sexual action between two adults. This includes fondling, penetration, intercourse, exploitation, pornography, exhibitionism, child prostitution, group sex, oral sex, or forced observation of sexual acts.
And, a knowledge of diseases and illnesses that "run" in families can give individuals an important head start in pursuing effective preventive measures. A medical genogram is helpful in determining patterns of disease or illness within a family. Medical genograms can include many generations, however four generations may prove to be enough detail.
Genogram - Wikipedia
Sociology[ edit ] Genograms are used by sociologists to gather objective and consistent information from the clients and their family, helping them to view the client's issues in the larger context of their marital relationship, family relationships and culture of origin and underlining key issues to discuss in client counseling. Genograms portray emotional relationships, which allow Sociologists to see and evaluate possible conflicts within the family.
Psychological patterns may be detected in the genogram which provide the basis for precautionary and preventive measures that otherwise might not be warranted. Social work[ edit ] In social workgenograms are used to display emotional bonds between individuals composing a family or social unit.
A genogram will help social workers to make an assessment of the level of cohesiveness within a family or a group and to evaluate if proper care is available within that unit. Genograms also allow displaying social relationships that illustrate the places people attend such as schools, churches, youth facilities, associations or retirement homes.
Family therapy[ edit ] In family therapygenograms are used to study and record relationship patterns between family members and the individual characteristics that make up these patterns that occur. Research[ edit ] In research, genograms allow researchers to understand multi generational processes within various plant and animal species, such as the development of mutations. Genograms can also illustrate rates of renewal, mechanisms of survival, or processes involved in the regulation of tolerance, among other things.
Education[ edit ] In education, genograms can be used by teachers and students for illustrating book reviews, or family trees of a famous politician, philosopher, scientist, musician, etc.
They allow them to focus their attention on specific details and also see the big picture of the books and individuals they are studying. Creating genograms[ edit ] Genograms can be useful in almost any profession that deals with social interaction. Genograms can help to visualize complex interactions between individuals and to study patterns of behaviors or diseases.
Genograms are easily created with genealogy software as advanced software allows the user to include tremendous amounts of data. Genealogy software also allows the user to create detailed reports containing analysis of the information stored in each person's individual properties.
Commercial software, such as GenoproGenome Analytics  and iGenogram for iPad  is available to produce genograms, as well as hundreds of different academic and scientific programs for specialized uses. It is also possible to create a Genogram in any graphics or word processing program.