Ending a Civil Partnership
For a civil partnership to be legal, it must meet certain conditions. . your home if your civil partnership breaks down, see Relationship breakdown and housing. Both civil partnerships and same sex marriages have different laws surrounding them. can provide you with the highest quality legal advice for same sex couples. If infidelity is the cause of your relationship breakdown you may be able to. Ending a marriage, de facto relationship or civil partnership. You should always get legal help when you end a marriage, de facto relationship.
If you are living in rented accommodation, you may need advice about you rights to stay in the accommodation or about taking on a joint tenancy. You can get help and advice from your local CAB. For more information on what happens to your home if your relationship breaks down, see Relationship breakdown and housing.
Civil partners living in rented accommodation Both you and your civil partner have the right to stay in your home, regardless of whose name is on the tenancy agreement. If your partner asks you to leave, you don't have to go unless a court has ordered you to.
A court can order you to leave your home when dealing with the breakdown of your civil partnership. If you are living in rented accommodation, you may need advice about you rights to stay in the accommodation if your civil partnership ends or if you or your partner dies.
Ending a Civil Partnership
Owner occupiers who live together Your home may be owned by just one of you, or you may own it jointly. If your partner is the sole owner, you may have no rights to stay in the home if your partner asks you to leave.
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However, if you have children, you can ask the court to transfer the property into your name. The court will only do this if it decides it is in the best interests of your children.
If you don't have children, you may be able to claim a beneficial interest in your home if you can show you contributed financially by, for example, paying for improvements or towards mortgage repayments. If you do have a beneficial interest in the home, you might be able to stop the other person from selling it. You will need to get legal advice about whether or not you have a beneficial interest.
If your relationship ends and there are children involved, the court has the power to order a transfer of the property as part of an overall settlement in order to secure accommodation for the children.
This is usually done for a limited period, for example, until the younger child is 18 years old. If your relationship has broken down, you should get advice from a legal adviser who specialises in the breakdown of relationships.
Marriage and Civil Partnership
For more information about how to find a legal adviser, see Using a legal adviser. Owner occupiers who are civil partners Both civil partners have a right to remain in the home, regardless of who bought it or has a mortgage on it. This is known as home rights. You will have the right to stay in the home until a court has ordered otherwise, for example, when dealing with the breakdown of your civil partnership.
If you and your partner are ending your civil partnership, the long-term right to ownership of your property can be decided alongside dissolution proceedings. The court has the power to transfer property regardless of original ownership. However, if you are not separating legally, the court will only agree to transfer ownership of a property if it is in the best interests of your children.
If you are the sole or joint owner of the home, your partner will not be able to sell it without your agreement. However, if your partner is the sole owner, you will need to register your home rights in order to protect your interests.
Unless you register your home rights, you will not be able to prevent your partner from selling the home or be able to remain there if it is sold. You can register your home rights, regardless of whether or not you are still living in the home.
You will need to register your home rights with either the Land Registry or at the Land Charges Department, depending on whether your home has already been registered or not. If you register your home rights, they will show up when buyers do a search on the home. This would make them aware of your right to stay in the home and prevent the sale going through.
UK website at www. This is a complicated area of the law and you should get expert legal advice. For more information about getting legal advice, see in England and Wales, Using a legal adviseror in Northern Ireland, Using a legal adviseror ask your local Citizens Advice Bureau for help. For more information, see Relationship breakdown and housing. Medical consent and next of kin When you are living together Nobody is entitled to give consent to medical treatment for another adult.
However, in practice, doctors do usually discuss decisions with the patient's family and this should not usually rule out a partner who lives with you but is not your civil partner. If a hospital is unable to get consent for medical treatment from a patient because they are unconscious or mentally incapacitated for some other reason, they may ask for consent from the next of kin. There is no legal reason why a hospital should not be able to accept you as your partner's next of kin. In practice, many hospitals and other organisations such as prisons will usually accept the name of someone who lives with you as your next of kin.
If you want to name your partner as next of kin, you should insist on this. However, there is little you can do if the organisation still refuses to accept it. Civil partners You aren't entitled to give consent to medical treatment for your civil partner, unless a hospital is unable to get consent because your partner is unconscious or mentally incapacitated for some other reason.
If you are a civil partner, you will always have authority to act as next of kin for your partner. If you are living with someone who has a child and you do not have legal responsibility for that child, you do not automatically have the authority to give consent if the child needs medical treatment.
However, your partner may arrange for you to act on your partner's behalf. Money and possessions Living together The ownership of shared possessions can be quite complicated but there are some general rules which apply.
For example, property you owned before you started living with your partner remains yours and the person who bought an item generally owns it. An item will be owned jointly if you bought it using a joint account. If you give property to your partner, it will belong to your partner. However, this can be difficult to prove. If you give your partner housekeeping money, any property brought with savings from it will probably belong to you.
This is different from the position in a civil partnership where savings from the housekeeping money would usually be divided by a court equally between both civil partners.
Civil partnerships You and your civil partner are each entitled to acquire and to keep any land, property, savings or investments in your own right during your civil partnership. If you owned any property before you registered your civil partnership, this will usually continue to be seen as yours. However, if your relationship breaks down, any property owned by you or your partner will be taken into account when arriving at a financial settlement.
If your friends or relatives give you presents for the registration of a civil partnership which does not take place, these will be seen as your property, unless you have agreed otherwise with your partner. The same applies to your partner.
Names The rules about what name you can call yourself are the same whether you and your partner are just living together or are civil partners. You have the right to be known by whatever name you like and can change that name at any time. Two people living together can decide to use the same family name, although legally they don't have to.
Whether you are a partner or a civil partner, you can still be known by both your original surname and your partner's surname. Pensions Living together The rules of different pension schemes vary. Whether or not you can benefit from a scheme to which your partner belongs will depend on the scheme.
Most schemes offer benefits to dependent children and some will offer benefits to a dependent partner. If the scheme offers benefits to an opposite-sex partner, it should also offer benefits to a partner in a same-sex relationship. Court orders You can apply for a court order for financial support at the end of a civil partnership. In most cases, the court will expect you to arrange a meeting with a family mediator first, before it will consider your application.
The court will consider all the financial circumstances of both partners, including pension arrangements. In some circumstances, the court can also make an order for financial support for the children.
A court can make an order for regular payments to be made or a one-off lump sum. It can also make an order about pension arrangements. You might get help with legal costs when you make an application to court for financial support. However, you might have to pay some of these costs back out of the money or property you are given by the court order.
This is called the statutory charge. Make sure your solicitor explains the statutory charge properly to you before you start court action. Where pension arrangements are involved, you should consider getting specialist financial advice. Housing rights at the end of a civil partnership Both civil partners have the right to live in the family home and neither of you can make the other one leave.
This is case regardless of whether both of you, or only one of you, own or rent the home. This applies unless a court has ordered otherwise.
If your civil partnership breaks down, a court can help you or your partner to enforce short-term rights to the home. These are called home rights and can include: A court can also make long-term arrangements about housing.
If there's a disagreement about housing, the court can deal with the disagreement alongside proceedings to dissolve a civil partnership. In most cases, the court will expect you to arrange a meeting with a family mediator first, before it will consider your application for a court order about housing. If you are thinking of going to court about your housing rights after the breakdown of your civil partnership, you should consult an experienced adviser, for example, a family law solicitor or at a Citizens Advice Bureau.
For more information on what happens to your home if your civil partnership breaks down, see Relationship breakdown and housing. Family mediation and arbitration Family mediation is a way of helping couples who are separating or dissolving their civil partnership to sort out disagreements and reach decisions about things like money, property and looking after the children. To use mediation, you both have to be willing to go along voluntarily. You can refer yourself or be referred by a solicitor or adviser.
If you are involved in court proceedings, the court may refer you to mediation, or if there are children involved, to a CAFCASS officer. An independent trained mediator meets you both this can be separately or together to understand the issues between you and help you reach an agreement. At the end of the mediation process, the mediator will write up the proposed agreement and check that both parties understand what this would mean for them.
You may wish to get legal advice from a solicitor. For example, if you want the mediated agreement to be turned into a legally binding agreement. To find out more about mediation, see Family mediation video.
What are the benefits of family mediation The benefits of mediation are: When to use family mediation A couple can use family mediation services as soon as they have decided their relationship is ending and they feel able to discuss any disputes.
Mediation can be helpful before legal proceedings begin, to encourage co-operation between the couple and to prevent disputes from getting worse and agreement becoming harder to reach in the future. Family mediation can also be used after a separation or dissolution if new issues arise or there are outstanding issues to be resolved.
Marriage and Civil Partnership
If you want to apply to the court for an order to settle a disagreement about the children, money or property, in most cases you will be expected to contact a mediator and arrange a Mediation Information and Assessment Meeting to see if you can resolve the dispute without going to court.
The meeting can take place jointly or separately. There will be some situations where you will not need to attend a meeting, for example, where the police are investigating domestic violence.