India–Libya relations - Wikipedia
However few concessions have been made to the United States, with whom relations have improved markedly in recent years, or Europe. If we had not good relations with such superpowers as India, China, and Russia, we would face greater difficulties,” underscored the Belarusian. Australia Department of Foreign Affairs Countries, Economies and Regions: Libya India-Libya Bilateral Relations: Government of India Ministry of External.
But, in our present situation, this is not easy. We would, therefore, rather depend on the better developed countries among the developing ones. India, in our view, is highly developed and has all that a country like Libya needs today," said Ettalhi.
Libya has a population of three million and a per capita income of more than 7, dollars. Libya's daily oil production is 1. It exports 99 per cent of its crude oil production to Western Europe and receives seven billion dollars annually as revenue.
Libya imports from high manufactures to consumer goods worth 6. In the last few years, it has turned to the Arab countries and India to meet its machinery and consumer goods requirements. The young ruler of Libya, Col Gaddafi, has introduced a dynamic and pragmatic programme for industrial development with the help and cooperation of developing countries for providing a social welfare system to his people.
Its five year plan has an allocation of 25 billion dollars, of which 40 per cent has been allocated to the social sector like housing, health and education. Industry receives four billion dollars.
India–Libya relations | Revolvy
Concerted efforts are also underway to develop the agricultural potential. The petrochemical, steel and building industry is gaining momentum. Nearlyforeign workers are engaged in the different sectors in Libya. Ian Traynor Italy The prime minister, Silvio Berlusconi, set the tone for his approach to the Libyan conflict by stating, as protests first flared against Colonel Gaddafi, that he would rather not "bother" him. Since then, Italy's foreign ministry has worked to claw back the diplomatic initiative from Berlusconi, who has previously handled relations with Libya as the result of his close ties to Gaddafi which opened the way to extensive Italian business interests in Libya.
The proposal by the foreign minister, Franco Frattini, to send Gaddafi into exile in another African country found favour among allies while Italian airbases have welcomed coalition aircraft — though when the Italian air force took to the skies Berlusconi promised they were not dropping bombs.
Statements from rebels on how Italian businesses will be treated by a post-Gaddafi government are closely monitored, with Corriere della Sera reporting on Wednesday that "with Rome, there is a cold relationship".
Reports suggest Berlusconi was upset at being excluded from a video conference between the leaders of France, Germany, the US and UK before Tuesday's Libya conference in London and his publications have attacked French president Nicolas Sarkozy's aggressive approach to Libya. As one Italian policeman watching France send north Africans back across the border into Italy put it: Sarkozy is currently in China where the president, Hu Jintao, criticised French involvement in the military operation, something France was trying to play down.
But without such a threat, a military action, a bombardment is out of question," the Turkish foreign minister, Ahmet Davutoglu, said this week.
Turkey is the sole Muslim member of Nato and officials have warned that the outcome of a military intervention might be similar to those in Afghanistan and Iraq, accusing countries such as France of being focused on Libya's natural resources.
The media have applauded the ruling Justice and Development party AKP for asserting itself against western countries and also its ability to negotiate with both Muammar Gaddafi and opposition forces.
However, Turkey appears committed to western efforts to end the conflict. According to Davutoglu, Turkey will join a "contact group" that aims to help Libya during its transition process. The shape and the functions of the group have yet to be decided, but Turkey will definitely be there. At an official level, the last weeks have seen a reversion to a classic Indian foreign policy, analysts say. The Libyan crisis has posed New Delhi its first major challenge as a new non-permanent rotating member of the United Nations security council — a position the emerging power hopes will become permanent.
However few concessions have been made to the United States, with whom relations have improved markedly in recent years, or Europe.
Instead India abstained from the vote on UN resolution saying publicly that "the use of force [was] totally unacceptable and must not be resorted to" and expressing concern for "the welfare of the civilian population and foreigners in Libya". The fence-sitting reflected the traditional axes of Indian foreign policy: The policy largely reflects public opinion.
In parliament and the media, many on the right and particularly the left attacked "American-led western imperialism" and "adventurism". Last week Pranab Mukherjee, finance minister and leader of the lower chamber in parliament, the Lok Sabha, said events in Libya were "an internal affair".
No external powers should interfere in it," he told MPs. An editorial in the Hindu newspaper argued that "the absence of clear aims heightens the risk of an open-ended conflict, into which the foreign participants will … be drawn more and more deeply with the additional risk that the main aim becomes regime change and not civilian protection.
After the fall of Stephen Harper's Conservative government an election campaign is under way and the country's role in Libya is an issue. Harper has been under fire for months for spending billions of dollars on new F fighter jets. Opponents have argued that in a time of economic problems worldwide such expense on defence is unnecessary.
Now, however, the Canadian air force has deployed its planes to fly over Libya and some leftwing commentators have connected the dots and portrayed it as a cynical move to justify defence expense.
Others, however, have said that intervention shows why Canada needs a strong military. As part of Nato, Canada now finds that one of its generals, Lieutenant-General Charles Bouchard, has been placed in charge of the mission. Unlike in the US, however, where Obama did not consult Congress, there was a debate on Libya in the Canadian parliament. All major parties backed the UN resolution calling for intervention and supported Canadian military involvement.
But as the election campaign has kicked off most politicians have preferred to keep the focus of their campaigning on domestic issues rather than the thorny territory of the Libyan conflict. Paul Harris Venezuela Venezuela's government has condemned the air strikes in Libya as an imperialist oil-grab against a socialist ally, reflecting President Hugo Chavez's close ties to Gaddafi.
They attack without any moral limits and invent anything to bomb and kill people to 'protect them'," Chavez said this week.
He complained of a US-backed effort to demonise him along with Libya's leader as a prelude to a military attack against Venezuela to topple its socialist experiment and control its vast oil reserves. Venezuelan ministers and state-backed media have echoed the president's accusations that the air campaign was massacring civilians.
Many opposition politicians and media outlets, in contrast, have welcomed western intervention as a legitimate effort to stop a brutal dictator slaughtering his own people. The UAE's direct military involvement in the Libyan conflict is a stark contrast to the Qatari involvement, which has been offering mainly political support and financial backing at best.
Qatar continued to offer mainly political and possibly financial support to mainstream Islamists and even to some of their ideological opponents. Nor have they been proven to offer support for the group not classified by the UN as a terrorist group, known as the Benghazi Defence Brigades BDBwhich was named in the recent accusation list against Qatar. They view these groups in Libya becoming part of the Libyan political order and power set up as a threat and an unsettling development, due to the potential implications for the UAE's long-term political and economic order.
The UAE's direct military involvement in the Libyan conflict engaging in military air raids and effectively militarily aiding one side against the other is a stark contrast to the Qatari involvement, which has been offering mainly political support and financial backing, at best.
The UAE's support of Haftar has not only been military but a comprehensive multi-dimensional support involving intelligence, media support and political and financial backing. Tens of millions of Emirati dirhams are spent every year on Libyan-operated media outlets, including satellite television stations beaming from Jordan and Egypt in addition to other news, internet and social media outlets.
The role of the UAE-sponsored media has been very divisive in Libya by fermenting hatred and antagonism and prolonging violence and bloodshed. What's behind the diplomatic breakdown in the Gulf? The UN report confirmed that the UAE has ignored and violated a UN arms embargo on Libya and as a result has significantly enhanced and strengthened the air power for forces loyal to Khalifa Haftar. The UN panel of experts, which holds the responsibility of reporting on the violations of UN sanctions across Libya, stated that Haftar's forces had received aircraft, as well as military vehicles, from the United Arab Emirates, which had also helped in building up an airbase at "Al Khadim" about km east of Benghazi.