Gaia - Wikipedia
Jan 3, Gaea's allegiance switched to Zeus due to the cruelty of Cronus, who with Tartarus (the Pit) and mortal creatures born from her earthly flesh. Gaea was the great mother of all creation--the heavenly gods were from her mating with Tartarus (the Pit), and mortal creatures born directly from her earthy flesh. Finally she came into conflict with Zeus for she was angered by his binding .. marriage Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven), Okeanos (Oceanus, Ocean), Ge (Gaea. Zeus was the king of the Olympian gods and the supreme deity in Greek hero Hercules and, after Zeus outwitted Gaia in her attempt to give the giants a . Similarly, the time of a mortal's death was carefully weighed in Zeus' golden scales.
They allow that she gave birth to her son on some part of Mount Lykaios, but they claim that here Kronos was deceived, and here took place the substitution of a stone for the child that is spoken of in the Greek legend.
On the summit of the mountain is Rhea's Cave, into which no human beings may enter save only the women who are sacred to the goddess. Reportedly, there was a "House of Rhea" in Knossos: In it, as storytellers say, Rhea gave birth to Zeus; it is a sacred place an no one is to go near it, whether god or mortal. At the appointed time each year a great blaze is seen to come out of the cave. Their story goes on to say that this happens whenever the blood from the birth of Zeus begins to boil up.
The sacred bees that were the nurses of Zeus occupy this cave. In Roman religionher counterpart Cybele was Magna Mater deorum Idaeawho was brought to Rome and was identified in Roman mythology as an ancestral Trojan deity.
On a functional level, Rhea was thought equivalent to Roman Ops or Opis. Depiction in ancient literature[ edit ] In HomerRhea is the mother of the gods, although not a universal mother like Cybelethe Phrygian Great Motherwith whom she was later identified.
Zeus - The Father of Gods and Men
For her temenos they wrought an image of the goddess, a xoanonfrom a vine-stump. There "they called upon the mother of Dindymon, mistress of all, the dweller in Phrygia, and with her Titias and Kyllenos who alone of the many Cretan Daktyls of Ida are called 'guiders of destiny' and 'those who sit beside the Idaean Mother'.
And he used to hide them all away in a secret place of Gaia so soon as each was born, and would not suffer them to come up into the light: But vast Gaia Earth groaned within, being straitened, and she made the element of grey flint and shaped a great sickle, and told her plan to her dear sons.
And she spoke, cheering them, while she was vexed in her dear heart: But great Kronos the wily took courage and answered his dear mother: And Ouranos came, bringing on night and longing for love, and he lay about Gaia spreading himself full upon her. Then the son from his ambush stretched forth his left hand and in his right took the great long sickle with jagged teeth, and swiftly lopped off his own father's members and cast them away to fall behind him.
And not vainly did they fall from his hand; for all the bloody drops that gushed forth Gaia received, and as the seasons moved round she bare the strong Erinyes Furies and the great Gigantes Giants with gleaming armour, holding long spears in their hands and the Nymphai Nymphs whom they call Meliai Meliae [honey- or ash-tree nymphs] all over the boundless earth.
Smyth Greek tragedy C5th B.
Aldrich Greek mythographer C2nd A. They were unsurpassed in both size and power, and each had a hundred hands and fifty heads. After these he sired the Kyklopes Cyclopesby name Arges, Steropes, and Brontes, each of whom had one eye in his forehead.
But Ouranos Sky bound these and threw them into Tartaros a place in Haides' realm as dark as Erebos, and as far away from the earth as the earth is from the skyand fathered other sons on Ge Gaea, Earthnamely the Titanes Titans: Now Ge Earthdistressed by the loss of her children into Tartaros, persuaded the Titanes to attack their father, and she gave Kronos Cronus, Time a sickle made of adamant.
So all of them except Okeanos Oceanus set upon Ouranos Skyand Kronos cut off his genitals, tossing them into the sea. Thus having overthrown Ouranos' Sky's rule the Titanes retrieved their brothers from Tartaros and gave the power to Kronos. Oldfather Greek historian C1st B. Kronos Cronus, Time himself. Therefore he kept no blind outlook, but watched and swallowed down his children: But when she was about to bear Zeus, the father of gods and men, then she besought her own dear parents, Gaia and starry Ouranos, to devise some plan with her that the birth of her dear child might be concealed, and that retribution might overtake great, crafty Kronos for his own father and also for the children whom he had swallowed down.
And they readily heard and obeyed their dear daughter, and told her all that was destined to happen touching Kronos the king and his stout-hearted son. So they sent her to Lyetos Lyettusto the rich land of Krete Cretewhen she was ready to bear great Zeus, the youngest of her children.
Him did vast Gaia Earth receive from Rhea in wide Krete to nourish and to bring up. Thither came Gaia carrying him swiftly through the black night to Lyktos first, and took him in her arms and hid him in a remote cave beneath the secret places of the holy earth on thick-wooded Mount Aigaion Aegaeum ; but to the mightily ruling son of Ouranos, the earlier king of the gods, she gave a great stone wrapped in swaddling clothes.
Then he took it in his hands and thrust it down into his belly. After that, the strength and glorious limbs of the prince increased quickly, and as the years rolled on, great Kronos the wily was beguiled by the deep suggestions of Gaia, and brought up again his offspring. And he set free from their deadly bonds the brothers of his father [Kyklopes Cyclopes ], sons of Ouranos whom his father in his foolishness had bound.
And they remembered to be grateful to him for his kindness, and gave him thunder and the glowing thunderbolt and lightening: But [Zeus and his brothers] brought them up again to the light at Gaia's Gaea's advising. For she herself recounted all things to the gods fully, how that with these they would gain victory.
The life-giving earth crashed around in burning, and the vast wood crackled loud with fire all about. All the land khthon seethed. Astounding heat seized Khaos the Chasm [Air]: So he divided their dignities amongst them. Often my mother Themis, or Gaia Earth though one form, she had many nameshad foretold to me the way in which the future was fated to come to pass.
That it was not by brute strength nor through violence, but by guile that those who should gain the upper hand were destined to prevail. And though I argued all this to them, they did not pay any attention to my words. He then married his sister Rhea. Because both Ge Gaea, Earth and Ouranos Uranus, Heaven had given him prophetic warning that his rule would be overthrown by a son of his own, he took to swallowing his children at birth.
Zeus fought a war against Kronos and the Titanes Titans. After ten years of fighting Ge prophesied a victory for Zeus if he were to secure the prisoners down in Tartaros as his allies. He thereupon slew their jail-keeper Kampe Campeand freed them from their bonds. In anger he stirs the mighty Titanes to arms and seeks the assistance owed by fate.
- Myth Summary
- FAMILY OF GAEA
There was a shocking monster born of Mother Terra Earth [Gaia], a bull, whose back half was a serpent. Roaring Styx [an ally of Zeus] imprisoned it, warned by the three Parcae [Moirai, the Fates], in a black grove with a triple wall.
Whoever fed the bull's guts to consuming flames was destined to defeat the eternal gods. He kindled the East: The opposite West also fiery Zeus blasted with the thunderbolt in love for his child; and under the foot of Zephyros the western brine half-burn spat out a shining stream; the Northern ridges--even the surface of the frozen Northern Sea bubbled and burned: Now Okeanos Oceanus poured rivers of tears from his watery eyes, a libation of suppliant prayer.
Then Zeus clamed his wrath at the sight of the scorched earth; he pitied her, and wished to wash with water the ashes of ruin and the fiery wounds of the land. Then Rainy Zeus covered the whole sky with clouds and flooded all the earth [in the flood of Deukalion Deucalion ]. The immortal Titanes sometimes appear as leaders of the Gigante-troops. Hesiod, Theogony ff trans. Now there was an oracle among the gods that they themselves would not be able to destroy any of the Gigantes, but would finish them off only with the help of some mortal ally.
When Ge learned of this, she sought a drug that would prevent their destruction even by mortal hands. The defeat of the Gigantes by the gods angered Ge all the more, so she had intercourse with Tartaros and bore Typhoeus in Kilikia Cilicia. Rieu Greek epic C3rd B. She brought him forth on the slopes of Kaukasos Caucasus by the rock of Typhaon Typhoeus. It was there, they say, that Typhaon, when he had offered violence to Zeus and been struck by his thunder-bolt, dropped warm blood from his head.
Gullick Greek rhetorician C2nd to C3rd A. Jones Greek geographer C1st B. He challenged Jove [Zeus] to see if Jove would content with him for the rule. Jove struck his breast with a flaming thunderbolt. When it was burning him he put Mount Etna, which is in Sicily, over him. From this it is said to burn still.
There they lay, grim broken bodies crushed in huge collapse, and Terra Earth [Gaia], drenched in her children's weltering blood, gave life to that warm gore; and to preserve memorial of her sons refashioned it in human form [another Race of Man]. But that new stock no less despised the gods and relished cruelty, bloodshed and outrage--born beyond doubt of blood.
From underground the thunderbolts belched out smoke, the white cliff was blackened; hidden sparks from a fire-barbed arrow heated the water-springs; torrents boiling with foam and steam poured down the Mygdonian gorge, until it boomed again. Then at a nod from his mother, the Earth [Gaia Gaea ], Kilikian Cilician Typhoeus stretched out his hands, and stole the snowy tools of Zeus, the tools of fire. She herself melted along with his bruised body; and when she saw his legion of high-clambering hands burnt all round, she besought one of the tempestuous winter's blasts to come for one morning, that he might quench Typhon's overpowering thirst by his cool breezes.
Then Kronion Cronion inclined the equally balanced beam of the fight.