To Kill A Mockingbird: Chapter 17 Annotations by Sachit Saksena on Prezi
*On April 19, , Alabama Governor Robert Bentley signed legislation Scout the 6-year-old often does not understand the full meaning of what she a source of humor, as when she says of her father, “Atticus was feeble (weak). . In Chapters 1 through 7 of To Kill a Mockingbird, readers will meet and. clear evidence that the accusers, Mayella Ewell and her father, Bob, are lying: . relationship with Jem and Scout when he plugs up the knothole in which Boo . But Atticus's wise parenting, which he sums up in Chapter 30 by say- Scout's progress as a character in the novel is defined by her gradual Chapters 18– How does the structure of the chapter help readers to understand why Scout says this? A type of relationship we will be examining is sibling relationships, which we . Scout learns that her father was appointed to defend Tom Robinson. for Mayella Ewell, explaining that through her guilt she is trying to get rid of Tom.
Jem's faith in justice becomes badly shaken, as is Atticus', when the hapless Tom is shot and killed while trying to escape from prison. Despite Tom's conviction, Bob Ewell is humiliated by the events of the trial, Atticus explaining that he "destroyed [Ewell's] last shred of credibility at that trial.
Finally, he attacks the defenseless Jem and Scout while they walk home on a dark night after the school Halloween pageant. Jem suffers a broken arm in the struggle, but amid the confusion someone comes to the children's rescue. The mysterious man carries Jem home, where Scout realizes that he is Boo Radley. Sheriff Tate arrives and discovers that Bob Ewell has died during the fight. The sheriff argues with Atticus about the prudence and ethics of charging Jem whom Atticus believes to be responsible or Boo whom Tate believes to be responsible.
Atticus eventually accepts the sheriff's story that Ewell simply fell on his own knife. Boo asks Scout to walk him home, and after she says goodbye to him at his front door he disappears again. While standing on the Radley porch, Scout imagines life from Boo's perspective, and regrets that they had never repaid him for the gifts he had given them. Scout then goes back home to Atticus and stays up with him for a while in Jem's room.
Soon Atticus takes her to bed and tucks her in, before leaving to go back to Jem. Autobiographical elements Lee has said that To Kill a Mockingbird is not an autobiographybut rather an example of how an author "should write about what he knows and write truthfully". Lee's father, Amasa Coleman Lee, was an attorney, similar to Atticus Finch, and inhe defended two black men accused of murder. After they were convicted, hanged and mutilated,  he never tried another criminal case.
Lee's father was also the editor and publisher of the Monroeville newspaper. Although more of a proponent of racial segregation than Atticus, he gradually became more liberal in his later years. Lee's mother was prone to a nervous condition that rendered her mentally and emotionally absent. Lee modeled the character of Dill on her childhood friend, Truman Capoteknown then as Truman Persons.
Both Lee and Capote loved to read, and were atypical children in some ways: Lee was a scrappy tomboy who was quick to fight, and Capote was ridiculed for his advanced vocabulary and lisp. She and Capote made up and acted out stories they wrote on an old Underwood typewriter that Lee's father gave them.
They became good friends when both felt alienated from their peers; Capote called the two of them "apart people". He was hidden until virtually forgotten; he died in The story and the trial were covered by her father's newspaper which reported that Lett was convicted and sentenced to death.
After a series of letters appeared claiming Lett had been falsely accused, his sentence was commuted to life in prison. He died there of tuberculosis in However, inLee stated that she had in mind something less sensational, although the Scottsboro case served "the same purpose" to display Southern prejudices. Part of the beauty is that she Her art is visual, and with cinematographic fluidity and subtlety we see a scene melting into another scene without jolts of transition.
After Dill promises to marry her, then spends too much time with Jem, Scout reasons the best way to get him to pay attention to her is to beat him up, which she does several times. Satire and irony are used to such an extent that Tavernier-Courbin suggests one interpretation for the book's title: Lee is doing the mocking—of education, the justice system, and her own society—by using them as subjects of her humorous disapproval. This prompts their black housekeeper Calpurnia to escort Scout and Jem to her church, which allows the children a glimpse into her personal life, as well as Tom Robinson's.
She is so distracted and embarrassed that she prefers to go home in her ham costume, which saves her life. The grotesque and near-supernatural qualities of Boo Radley and his house, and the element of racial injustice involving Tom Robinson, contribute to the aura of the Gothic in the novel. Furthermore, in addressing themes such as alcoholism, incestrape, and racial violence, Lee wrote about her small town realistically rather than melodramatically.
She portrays the problems of individual characters as universal underlying issues in every society. Lee seems to examine Jem's sense of loss about how his neighbors have disappointed him more than Scout's. Jem says to their neighbor Miss Maudie the day after the trial, "It's like bein' a caterpillar wrapped in a cocoon I always thought Maycomb folks were the best folks in the world, least that's what they seemed like".
Just as the novel is an illustration of the changes Jem faces, it is also an exploration of the realities Scout must face as an atypical girl on the verge of womanhood. As one scholar writes, "To Kill a Mockingbird can be read as a feminist Bildungsroman, for Scout emerges from her childhood experiences with a clear sense of her place in her community and an awareness of her potential power as the woman she will one day be.
Threatening Boundaries,  Despite the novel's immense popularity upon publication, it has not received the close critical attention paid to other modern American classics. Don Noble, editor of a book of essays about the novel, estimates that the ratio of sales to analytical essays may be a million to one. Christopher Metress writes that the book is "an icon whose emotive sway remains strangely powerful because it also remains unexamined". However, she gave some insight into her themes when, in a rare letter to the editor, she wrote in response to the passionate reaction her book caused: Reviewers were generally charmed by Scout and Jem's observations of their quirky neighbors.
One writer was so impressed by Lee's detailed explanations of the people of Maycomb that he categorized the book as Southern romantic regionalism. Scout's Aunt Alexandra attributes Maycomb's inhabitants' faults and advantages to genealogy families that have gambling streaks and drinking streaks and the narrator sets the action and characters amid a finely detailed background of the Finch family history and the history of Maycomb. This regionalist theme is further reflected in Mayella Ewell's apparent powerlessness to admit her advances toward Tom Robinson, and Scout's definition of "fine folks" being people with good sense who do the best they can with what they have.
The South itself, with its traditions and taboos, seems to drive the plot more than the characters. Rosa Parks ' refusal to yield her seat on a city bus to a white person, which sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycottand the riots at the University of Alabama after Autherine Lucy and Polly Myers were admitted Myers eventually withdrew her application and Lucy was expelled, but reinstated in Inevitably, despite its mids setting, the story told from the perspective of the s voices the conflicts, tensions, and fears induced by this transition.
Chura notes the icon of the black rapist causing harm to the representation of the "mythologized vulnerable and sacred Southern womanhood". Tom Robinson's trial was juried by poor white farmers who convicted him despite overwhelming evidence of his innocence, as more educated and moderate white townspeople supported the jury's decision. Furthermore, the victim of racial injustice in To Kill a Mockingbird was physically impaired, which made him unable to commit the act he was accused of, but also crippled him in other ways.
The theme of racial injustice appears symbolically in the novel as well. For example, Atticus must shoot a rabid dog, even though it is not his job to do so.
English 9 B Answer Key
He is also alone when he faces a group intending to lynch Tom Robinson and once more in the courthouse during Tom's trial. Lee even uses dreamlike imagery from the mad dog incident to describe some of the courtroom scenes. Jones writes, "[t]he real mad dog in Maycomb is the racism that denies the humanity of Tom Robinson When Atticus makes his summation to the jury, he literally bares himself to the jury's and the town's anger. I mean different kinds of black people and white people both, from poor white trash to the upper crust—the whole social fabric.
When Scout embarrasses her poorer classmate, Walter Cunningham, at the Finch home one day, Calpurnia, their black cook, chastises and punishes her for doing so. Lee demonstrates how issues of gender and class intensify prejudice, silence the voices that might challenge the existing order, and greatly complicate many Americans' conception of the causes of racism and segregation. Sharing Scout and Jem's perspective, the reader is allowed to engage in relationships with the conservative antebellum Mrs.
Dubose; the lower-class Ewells, and the Cunninghams who are equally poor but behave in vastly different ways; the wealthy but ostracized Mr. Dolphus Raymond; and Calpurnia and other members of the black community. The children internalize Atticus' admonition not to judge someone until they have walked around in that person's skin, gaining a greater understanding of people's motives and behavior. Atticus is the moral center of the novel, however, and he teaches Jem one of the most significant lessons of courage.
Try to model the length on the story you read, but you can make it longer if certain elements are needed to enhance your impact. The lights dim into almost darkness.
All of a sudden, a cheesy ring tone just like in cell phone commercials comes on from a Motorola and wakes the theatre. By now the whole theatre is looking directly at her in in shame. The woman finds the phone and quickly yet loudly silences it with one quick swipe of the finger.
The people in the theatre are feeling the same way I do at this point because this has gone on for a good fifteen seconds without stop. Everyone turns around and quietly thinks what would happen if someone called them and they had their cell phone on. Would everyone look at them? Or would everyone try to ignore them? The theatre returns quiet again with-in thirty seconds of the accident, the women tries to forget about it and does and as soon as I know it, the movie begins.
Transformers 2 was a good movie but for some reason that one moment before the movie is stuck in my mind. Every time I get in a movie I want to do that. Journal - 10 pts In this unit you will be asked to write in a journal. This journal is a self-reflective tool for expressing yourself, and give you the opportunity to reflect on class content and communicate with the Teacher. You will need to respond to specific questions and creatively show off your knowledge.
You may include drawings, clip art or even video to enhance your journal entries, but the writing is the important thing. Below is a rubric that will be used for grading your unit journal.
Journal Rubric 4 Content 3 Responses refer to the text and use vocabulary and examples from the unit material. Responses are complete and detailed. Responses include some detail. Responses do not refer to unit material or include no details. Questions Questions are answered directly. Basic drawings Detailed drawings help Drawings relate to the sometimes help the Drawings do not help the reader understand writing and include reader understand the the reader understand Drawings the writing and include some annotations and writing and include the writing.
All common words are Most common words spelled correctly. Mistakes errors hinder convention errors Mistakes do not hinder do not hinder understanding. Responses always relate directly to the previous Audience writing, creating a and Purpose dialogue. Questions are answered directly. Journal Entry 1 Create a new document. In your first entry you will complete the following: These don't have to be essays or poems.
Just list any topics that you would enjoy writing somthing about. Create a list of your 5 greatest joys in life. Create a list of the 5 things that annoy you the most in life. Journal Entry 2 Open your journal document. In your next entry you will complete the following: These don't have to be books.
Is there something online or out of a magazine that particularly attracted you? Who is your favorite author this doesn't have to be for novels, think about poems or short stories, even newspaper journalists that you enjoy. Describe why you prefer this author to any other author you have read.
Journal Entry 3 Open your journal document. What could you do to improve your understanding of grammar? Remember, even people that are good at it can get better. What is something your instructor could do to help you understand grammar rules more completely? When you have completed this last journal entry, check it against the Journal Rubric at the beginning of this unit. Make any corrections or additions and then submit your work.
I like writing about photography and food. My 5 favorite things are going fast, slowing down, eating, making things look cool via camera, and warm weather in which to do it all in. My 5 least favorite things are student drivers, groms young skatersclouds, soggy bread, and sea food.
I like Serj Tankian as an author for his alternative genre and view of poetry. I improve my grammar by making everything I type grammatically sound. I use grammar to defy the teenage stereotype of abbreviations misspelled words. What does this mean? Explain why or why not. Do you think that this is her view as she tells the story or her view when she was younger?
Does she still think this after the events recorded in this chapter? What reason does he give for saying this? Which view is closer to your own? Why do you think Chapter 11 ends the first part of the book? By giving the reader an idea of what is happening 2. I learned that they are young 3. To teach them skills they will need in the future 4. I think she is tough but sweet because she seems to be a strict teacher but she does it for the kids 5.
I think he is a very smart man because he seems to be wise when described. You cannot understand someone unless you look at it in their shoes 7.
Because she is young with older people around so they discuss more adult topics 8. It gives a setting 9. It adds that racism is not in that household No I think they should get to know them Because it adds to why he says stay away from that house Because he says it in a bad way Because she is curious what goes on there She is pretending to be hidden He says tom should get a fair trial because he is innocent.
Tom Robinson is black and the jury is white She is racist I think this was her view as younger because she is not very intelligent.
Because the birds are sacred. They choose not to explain much because it is more noble to be able to shoot and not show off I think he makes jem look at things different Why do you think people would make these bargains? Describe at least 5 images used in the story? What was the importance of farming to this community? The devil made a proposition to Daniel Webster. At the end of the second day, I will double your amount left at the end of the previous day.
Complete the following chart and then answer the questions below: How many days would it be optimal for you to work for the devil? Describe something that you see like this in our modern day world. Sample student submission Complete the following chart and then answer the questions below: I would lose a ton of money. Maybe a mortgage because you get money at first but in the long run, you have to give it back, and could lose money.
In each of the pieces an individual finds himself in direct conflict with some challenge, be it the elements, a wild animal, or a trait. Forced to struggle, the characters consider their values, their understanding of nature, and ultimately their place in the hierarchy of the natural world. Write a personal narrative in which you relate an incident from your experience that challenged you in some way.
He is torn between pride and respect of the animals majesty because he is proud to own the horse that is so wonderful. The limits and obstacles the boy must overcome is its either sell the horse and support his family for 2 years, or own the horse so many people want. His courage came from if he had enough to go he could make more money.
He set a price for the horse. Something that I had have to overcome was selling my car to afford summer school. It gave me encouragement because if my grades were high enough I could go to college, make more money and someday purchase a new one. What I did to help myself was I sold it to someone who will take care of it. Another person who helped support me was my dad by telling me stories of his first car.
Some things I did to feel proud was the next year I got much News - 5 pts Examine the front page of two different newspapers available at most stores and your local library and answer the following: Which two newspapers did you select?
Fill in the chart below for each paper: Is each paper dominated by hard or soft news? Create the layout for the front page of a newspaper. Either visually, or with descriptions include the following: Who will buy it? How many articles will you use on the front page? How many pictures will you include? Examine the front page of two different newspapers available at most stores and your local library and answer the following: The San Jose one looks more local.
They both talked about the economy and how it dropped. The San one is hard because it has stuff about major flooding in home owners houses, it also has stuff about CSU. My paper will be called the Daily Denver because it will be in Denver. Audiences such as sports fanatics and political junkies will go for my paper. It will also have a sports column for Colorado sports all on the first page.The Scarlet Pimpernel by Baroness Orczy (The Scarlet Pimpernel #1)
If there was a big flooding in California then of course I would put that in. I would put a picture of the Rockies and the Nuggets just a team picture of each. I will use around 7 articles on the front pages. I think 4 pictures will be okay because there will be one concerning the floods in California just like this one, one for Obama or any national news, and 2 for sports sections. Editorial - 5 pts Complete both the Editor and Wolves portion of this assignment. Read the following Editorial. I'm glad the editorial page of your newspaper gives people a chance to express their opinions, because today I have an opinion I want to share.
It's about young people. The ones I see don't appear to be contributing to our city or our culture. I'm getting tired of seeing them hanging around malls, smoking and getting in people's way. If they don't have money to shop, what are they doing there? On occasion, I've also seen store security leading them away for shoplifting.
The ones who don't get caught only cause prices to rise for honest people like me. I have also heard about purse snatching and pick-pocketing by these young people occurring in the malls.
I don't want to pay health and education tax for their benefit. Why should I pay for their education? They could get a job and pay their own way, or get their relatives to help out. I'm sick and tired of reckless skateboarders and roller bladers speeding irresponsibly on our sidewalks and roadways, causing accidents and injuring pedestrians. We have no interest in this, so why should we allow it here at all?
The young people I see hanging around the malls and arcades are not contributing to our society, unless you call the money they spend on junk food, trendy clothes and things to play with a contribution. In all likelihood, they aren't even spending their own money. My final comment has to do with the future. If these people are just going to grow up and take our jobs why should we support them now? I say we do something, before the problem gets worse and keep things the way they are for adults.
Yours truly, Sick and Tired Questions: Explain how the words you highlighted show a value judgment by the read. Rewrite two of your highlighted words or sentences in such a way to remove the bias, without adding your own!
Do you think this issue would make a good news story? What would need to be done to make it newsworthy? Identify which of the following statements are facts, and which are opinions.
How can you find out this information? Statement Fact or Opinion? Wolves are sly, cunning and mean. Wolves live in packs or families. Some North American native people think that the wolf is brave, loyal and intelligent.
A wolf will only eat meat from a freshly killed animal. Wolves have supernatural powers. Wolves are very clever. Wolves are always hungry. Wolves will accept humans into their pack. Some Inuit people use wolves as work animals. Wolves can dig with their paws. Wolves will gang up on a member of their own pack. Wolves have a nine-week gestation period. The ones who don't get caught only cause prices to rise for honest people.
Purse snatching and pick- pocketing, not every single young adult has done either of these so I think that the whole sentence should be gone. No, he can write what he wants as a letter of concern if it gets too bad. Yes, because then the professionals can argue about this topic. Opinion People could have different thoughts of if wolves are mean or not. Fact Staying the truth A wolf will only eat meat from a freshly killed animal. Opinion Unless you have seen this happen then I will change it Wolves have supernatural powers.
Opinion Some people might think they are stupid Wolves are always hungry. Fact And we can dig with our hands. Wolves Some people believe that wolves are smart, fast mammals that live in the mountains.
Well they are wrong, wolves are very preditoral and I think are very stub burn. Some of the Inuit people used wolves for work animals like cattle yet somehow they ended up eating some of them? My point is that we should get rid of the wolves in general because they eat other animals. I think I made myself clear that wolves are carnivores. Sincerely The guy who wants to get rid of wolves and wants to ship them all to China. What is she like?
Are these typical of her or not? Why does she think this, and is she right? Are all adults good at knowing how clever young people are? Why does Atticus tell them to forget it?
Who is right, do you think? How suitable is this as an answer to Scout. How does Atticus respond to the suggestion?
English 9 B Answer Key
Is he right to do? Does he take the trial seriously or not? What does the jury see when he does this? Is she used to people being polite? Gilmer prove Tom's guilt in the eyes of the reader you and in the eyes of the jury? Can you suggest why these might be different? She learns that they live a very humble life and inly use what they need. What does Scout learn from Calpurnia's account of Zeebo's education?
Explain why Calpurnia speaks differently in the Finch household, and among her neighbours at church. Why does Aunt Alexandra come to stay with Atticus and his family?
Alexandra comes to spend more time with her brother and try to get Scout to act more like a girl. Read the first two things Alexandra says when she comes to the Finch house. These are really typical Alexandra, critiquing scout. She thinks this because scout does not say much around here, but Atticus knows scout is bright. How does Aunt Alexandra involve herself in Maycomb's social life? She inserts herself directly into the gossip line by having the biggest town gossips over for parties.
Comment on Aunt Alexandra's ideas about breeding and family. She believes in a white family but Atticus feels that everybody should marry whoever fits them.
Comment on Atticus's explanation of rape. Why does Alexandra think Atticus should dismiss Calpurnia? What do we learn from Dill's account of his running away? How does Jem react when Atticus tells him to go home, and why?
Jem refuses to go because he wants to defend his father. What persuades the lynching-party to give up their attempt on Tom's life? Scout talking to Mr.
Cunningham about his boy. Comment on the way Scout affects events without realizing it at the time. How does Reverend Sykes help the children see and hear the trial?
Full text of "To Kill A Mockingbird"
Comment on Judge Taylor's attitude to his job. Judge Taylor takes his job seriously but in his own way. What are the main points in Heck Tate's evidence?
He uses witnesses for after the crime and uses himself as a witness.