Olympias: Mother of Alexander – Prisoners of Eternity
My concern in this essay is to consider the relationship between Alexander and his mother. This is a particularly daunting task because, though some. Jan 24, Olympias: Mother of Alexander when he wavered she would steady him - he was Alexander the Great, she was Olympias, his mother. She wanted only Alexander in her life and their relationship can best be described as. Oct 20, Alexander the Great was one of the greatest leaders and conquerors one of the largest empires in the ancient world without his mother, Olympias. sleeping with snakes, which basically brought an end to their relationship.
In Philip asked Aristotle — B. For three years in the rural Macedonian village of Mieza, Aristotle taught Alexander philosophy, government, politics, poetry, drama, and the sciences.
Aristotle wrote a shortened edition of the Iliad, which Alexander always kept with him. Beginnings of the soldier Alexander's education at Mieza ended in B.
While Philip was away fighting a war, he left the sixteen-year-old prince as acting king. Within a year Alexander led his first military attack against a rival tribe.
In he led the cavalry troops who fight battles on horseback and helped his father smash the forces of Athens and Thebes, two Greek city-states. Alexander's relationship and military cooperation with his father ended soon after Philip took control of the Corinthian League.
The Corinthian League was a military alliance made up of all the Greek states except for Sparta. Philip then married another woman, which forced Alexander and Olympias to flee Macedon. Eventually Philip and Alexander were reunited. Alexander as king In the summer of B. During this event Philip was assassinated by a young Macedonian noble, Pausanias. After his father's death Alexander sought the approval of the Macedonian army for his bid for kingship. The generals agreed and proclaimed him king, making Alexander the ruler of Macedon.
In order to secure his throne, Alexander then killed everyone who could have a possible claim to the kingship. Although he was the king of Macedon, Alexander did not automatically gain control of the Corinthian League. Some Greek states rejoiced at Philip's murder, and Athens wanted to rule the League. Throughout Greece independence movements arose.
Queen Olympias — The Bad-Ass Mother Of Alexander The Great
Immediately Alexander led his armies to Greece to stop these movements. The Greek states quickly recognized him as their leader, while Sparta still refused to join. The League gave Alexander unlimited military powers to attack Persia, a large kingdom to the east of Greece.
Asian campaign In October B. Alexander returned to Macedon and prepared for his Persian expedition. In the early spring of Alexander's army met Darius's army for the first time. Alexander's army defeated the Persians and continued to move west. Darius's capital at Sardis fell easily, followed by the cities of Miletus and Halicarnassus.
The territories Alexander conquered formed the foundations of his Asian empire. By autumn Alexander had crossed the southern coast of Asia Minor now Turkey. According to tradition, whoever undid the intricate Gordian Knot would become ruler of Asia. Many people began to believe that Alexander had godlike powers and was destined to rule Asia.
Olympias, Mother of Alexander the Great « The Roadrunners' Guide to Ancient World
Then in Alexander moved his forces east and the two kings met in battle at the city of Issus. Alexander was outnumbered but used creative military formations to beat Darius's forces. Alexander then attacked the Persian royal camp where he gained lots of riches and captured the royal family.
He treated Darius's wife, mother, and three children with respect. With Darius's army defeated, Alexander proclaimed himself king of Asia. As a result of the defeat, Darius wanted to sign a truce with Alexander.
He offered a large ransom for his family, a marriage alliance, a treaty of friendship, and part of his empire. Alexander ignored Darius's offer because he wanted to conquer all of Asia. Campaign in Egypt Alexander then pushed on into Egypt.
Alexander the Great Biography - family, children, parents, death, history, wife, mother, young, son
Egypt fell to Alexander without resistance, and the Egyptians hailed him as their deliverer from Persian domination. In every country, Alexander respected the local customs, religions, and citizens.
In Egypt he sacrificed to the local gods and the Egyptian priesthood recognized him as pharaoh, or ruler of ancient Egypt. They hailed Alexander as a god.
Olympias: Mother of Alexander
Alexander then worked to bring Greek culture to Egypt. More fighting in Persia In September B. Alexander defeated the Persians at the Battle of Gaugamela. The Persian army collapsed, and again Darius fled. Instead of chasing after him, Alexander explored Babylonia, which was the region that Darius had abandoned. The land had rich farmlands, palaces, and treasures.
Although he was a polygamist this marriage created tension among the Macedonians and between him and Olympias, hostility furthered by his sexual relationship with her brother.
Because of these issues Olympias placed herself in voluntary exile in Epirus. Pausanias expected some retribution from Philip but when he received none he began to plot the death of Philip—eventually stabbing him during a public procession.
Suspicion has since arose that Olympias and Alexander were involved in the assassination however this has not been proven. Yet there is little proof of this private incident and her motives still remain unclear. Could Cleopatra have claimed to be pregnant with a new heir?
The reasons for this murder remain unknown. In this excerpt he describes her foreign, Orphic rites in a barbaric, frightening manner: Again one must consider biases when researching Olympias— her portrayal is a form of propaganda in the ancient world. In her homeland she continued a close relationship with her son and they regularly corresponded. Cleopatra pursued a Greek outlaw with a large army— however she eventually asked him to leave for fear of causing a civil war.
Although Antipater did not kill her for this brief alliance he did strip her of all her independence and Cleopatra never saw her mother again.
The eventual death of Antipater by the hands of his own guards led to the reign of Macedonian general Polyperchon. The new king invited the former queen to return to Macedonia and join him in a political alliance. However these vicious actions made her unpopular among the Macedonians. Cassander captured Olympias and put her on trial for these murders. Although he initially promised her safety she was eventually put to death.