01__GreatGatsby by ELI Publishing - Issuu
The passage I chose for Chapter Four shows Meyer Wolfsheim talking up Gatsby to Nick and verifies Gatsby's long relationship with Wolfsheim. He speaks very highly of Gatsby and proceeds to say (in “a gratified way”) that he has .. Jordan, “if you'll invite Daisy to your house some afternoon and then let him come over. However, Gatsby did not want his and Daisy's relationship to be discovered by Tom until later on Gatsby probably owes Wolfsheim. The same can be said for Gatsby earlier in the novel, when a woman recounts how he replaced a dress for her and they say: "Well, you take my coupe and let me drive your car to town. Why does Daisy kiss Gatsby in front of Jordan and Nick when Tom is out of the room? She is questioning if Gatsby and herself could ever actually be together He compares it to the sound of coins, saying her voice sounds like money. . What is the nature of Gatsby and Daisy's relationship, as described in the sentence.
Out of this divergence of classes in his family background arose what critics called F. As a youth Fitzgerald revealed a flair for dramatics, first in St. Paulwhere he wrote original plays for amateur production, and later at the Newman Academy in Hackensack, New Jersey.
The Great Gatsby
At Princeton, he composed lyrics for the university's famous Triangle Club productions. Fitzgerald was also a writer and actor with the Triangle Club at college. Before he could graduate, he volunteered for the army during World War I. He spent the weekends writing the earliest drafts of his first novel. The work was accepted for publication in by Charles Scribner's Sons.
The popular and financial success that accompanied this event enabled Fitzgerald to marry Zelda Sayre, whom he met at training camp in Alabama. Zelda played a pivotal role in the writer's life, both in a tempestuous way and an inspirational one.
Mostly, she shared his extravagant lifestyle and artistic interests. In the s she was diagnosed as a schizophrenic and was hospitalized in Switzerland and then Maryland, where she died in a fire. For some time, Fitzgerald lived with his wife in Long Island.
There, the setting for The Great Gatsby, he entertained in a manner similar to his characters, with expensive liquors and entertainment. He revelled in demonstrating the antics of the crazy, irresponsible rich, and carried this attitude wherever he went.
Especially on the Riviera in France, the Fitzgeralds befriended the elite of the cultural world and wealthy classes, only to offend most of them in some way by their outrageous behavior. Self-absorbed, drunk, and eccentric, they sought and received attention of all kinds. The party ended with the hospitalization of Zelda for schizophrenia in Prangins, a Swiss clinic, and, coincidentally, with the Great Depression ofwhich tolled the start of Scott's personal depression.
In the decade before his death, Fitzgerald's troubles and the debilitating effects of his alcoholism limited the quality and amount of his writing. Nonetheless, it was also during this period that he attempted his most psychologically complex and aesthetically ambitious novel, Tender Is the Night After Zelda's breakdown, Fitzgerald became romantically involved with Sheila Graham, a gossip columnist in Hollywood, during the last years of his life.
He also wrote but did not finish the novel The Last Tycoon, now considered to be one of his best works, about the Hollywood motion picture industry. Fitzgerald died suddenly of a heart attackmost likely induced by a long addiction to alcohol, on December 21, At the time of his death, he was virtually forgotten and unread.
A growing Fitzgerald revival, begun in the s, led to the publication of numerous volumes of stories, letters, and notebooks. One of his literary critics, Stephen Vincent Benetconcluded in his review of The Last Tycoon, "you can take off your hats now, gentlemen, and I think perhaps you had better. This is not a legend, this is a reputation—and, seen in perspective, it may well be one of the most secure reputations of our time.
Aged twenty-nine, in the spring ofhe travels East from his midwestern home to work as a bond salesman in New York. He has rented a house on West Egg, sandwiched between the mansions along the shore of Long Island Sound.
He knows nobody except his distant cousin Daisy Buchanan, who lives with her wealthy husband Tom on East Egg, across the bay. Nick drives over to dinner with the couple, whom he has not seen in years, and their guest Jordan Baker. Tom, an athletic polo player, betrays his boorish arrogance as he expounds a racist theory he has read.
Daisy's magical voice compels Nick forward to listen to her, but he suspects her sincerity when she says she is unhappy. In contrast, dark-haired Jordan strikes Nick with her jaunty self-assurance. At one point, Nick's neighbour "Gatsby" is mentioned and Daisy catches the name in surprise.
Dinner is tense; Jordan reveals that it is Tom's mistress telephoning him, and Daisy appears to know. Returning to West Egg, Nick first sees Gatsby. As Nick is about to call to him, Gatsby stretches out both arms towards the water or the green dock light opposite; Nick is mystified.
Myrtle's party Commuting across the "valley of ashes" to the city, Tom suddenly pulls Nick from their train to meet his mistress, Myrtle. She is a blowsy, vital woman, the wife of servile garage-owner George Wilson. Myrtle catches the next train with them, and impulsively buys a puppy while she and Tom insist that Nick accompany them to their city apartment.
Nick reads discreetly while the couple are in the bedroom. Myrtle decides to throw a party, and the apartment fills with people and social chatter.
The puppy blinks in the smoky air, the party gets progressively drunker, and Nick wonders what the scene would look like to an observer outside.
Myrtle starts chanting Daisy's name, and Tom brutally breaks her nose: Gatsby's party Nick describes the lavish parties that nightly transform Gatsby's garden. One afternoon a butler brings Nick a formal invitation, and at the party Nick is relieved to spot Jordan in the swirling crowd. Nick hears many extravagant and contradictory rumors from the guests. He and Jordan come across comical "Owl Eyes," a bespectacled man trying to sober up in the library.
Later, an elegant young man invites Nick for a hydroplane excursion next morning, and as Nick confesses he has never met their host, the man reveals himself to be Gatsby. Later still, Jordan is called to speak with Gatsby in the house, and then hints at his amazing story but won't tell more. Leaving the party, Nick sees a car in a ditch with its wheel off; the drunken culprit cannot understand the car's predicament.
Nick interrupts the story here to reflect that he was actually very busy in the weeks between these three parties described, enjoying the adventure of New York. He catches up with Jordan again and learns more of her character: Lunch in New York Gatsby drives Nick to lunch in the city and tells him more about his past. Nick is unsure whether to believe it all but decides to trust Gatsby when he produces an authentic-looking medal as proof.
Gatsby then hints of a favor he will ask Nick that day. They have lunch with a sinister friend of Gatsby's, Meyer Wolfsheim, who was apparently responsible for fixing the World Series. When Tom Buchanan appears, Gatsby looks embarrassed and disappears before Nick can introduce the men.
Jordan met Daisy in and in the company of a young soldier. For a time after, Jordan heard only rumors of her before Daisy became engaged to Tom. As bridesmaid, Jordan witnessed Daisy's distress the eve of the wedding, as she held a mysterious letter until it dissolved. Yet the couple married and travelled, although Tom got in the papers after a car accident with another girl, and Daisy had a little girl.
When "Gatsby" was mentioned at their recent dinner party, Jordan realized that this is Daisy's young soldier. Gatsby bought his house to be opposite Daisy, hoping she would appear at a party. As she hasn't, he now wants Nick to ask Daisy to tea so that he might meet her again. This afternoon, Nick first kisses Jordan, whose real presence contrasts to Gatsby's ghostly devotion to Daisy.
Reunion Nick invites Daisy to tea and the day arrives, pouring rain. Despite Gatsby's nervousness, Daisy does arrive. The reunion is difficult, but after Nick leaves the couple alone they are "radiant" together on his return. They take Nick over to Gatsby's house so that Gatsby can show it off, and Gatsby is clearly overwrought by the significance of the occasion after such a long wait.
There must have been moments even that afternoon when Daisy tumbled short of his dreams—not through her own fault, but because of the colossal vitality of his illusion.
It had gone beyond her, beyond everything. He had thrown himself into it with a creative passion, adding to it all the time, decking it out with every bright feather that drifted his way. No amount of fire or freshness can challenge what a man will store up in his ghostly heart. Another party Nick reflects on Gatsby's "notoriety," and to clear up misconceptions he provides a brief biography of "James Gatz" who, at seventeen, invented and transformed himself into Jay Gatsby.
Nick is over at his neighbour's one afternoon as Tom Buchanan drops by with another couple. The three are rude guests, and leave before Gatsby can join them, as he had planned to. The following Saturday, Tom escorts Daisy there, dismissing the extravagance as a "menagerie. Afterwards, Gatsby says that Daisy doesn't understand. Gatsby obviously expects to repeat the past: Confrontation Nick is invited to the Buchanans' with Gatsby and Jordan on a sweltering day at the end of the summer, during which Daisy has spent much time with Gatsby.
Daisy's daughter Pammy says hello, then the group casts about for something to do. Daisy suggests the city. When an innocent comment betrays her feelings for Gatsby in front of Tom, the tension worsens. Tom stops at Wilson's garage, and is dismayed to hear that Wilson plans to get away with Myrtle.
Nick sees Myrtle intent at the window, plainly thinking that Jordan is Daisy. They take a suite at the Plaza Hotel for mint juleps. Finally, Gatsby tells Tom that Daisy doesn't love her husband and they confront one another, as Daisy falters.
I can't help what's past. Aftermath The two men drive their own cars away, and Gatsby and Daisy go on ahead while Nick remembers that it is his thirtieth birthday. The story abruptly mentions a "witness" at the "inquest. Later, Myrtle runs in front of a car from the city, and is killed. Nick resumes his perspective as Tom's car pulls up to the commotion at the garage. It becomes clear that the "death car" was Gatsby's. Nick gathers that Daisy was driving the car that Myrtle ran in front of because she probably believed that Tom was in it.
Nick warns Gatsby his car will be traced, but he will not leave Daisy, his "grail. Gatsby plans to swim, and Nick leaves with a compliment of friendship and thanks for hospitality. Nick then pieces together the times and events that lead Wilson to find Gatsby in the pool, and shoot him and then himself. Conclusion Nick arranges the funeral at which only one former guest, Owl Eyes, appears, and meets with Gatsby's pathetically proud father.
Nick reflects that the East is haunted for him, and he decides to go home. Nick has chance meetings with both Jordan and Tom, and is already distant from them. He looks at Gatsby's house before leaving, imagining past wonder at the sight of this new world, relating this with Gatsby's own belief and wonder.
She is the first person to bring up the subject of Gatsby to Nick Carraway.
- The Great Gatsby
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She also relates the sad story of his relationship with Daisy and Daisy's doomed marriage to the philandering Tom Buchanan. While intrigued by her good looks, Nick recalls that he saw her picture in photos of the sporting life at Asheville, Hot Springsand Palm Beach in connection with a "critical, unpleasant story.
Her insincerity with Nick in their love affair is another example of her detached personality. When she first appears in the novel, she is lounging on a sofa with Daisy "as cool as their white dresses and their impersonal eyes in the absence of all desire," like two princesses in an unreal world.
Both women use and dispose of people, as Gatsby and Nick experience firsthand. In Fitzgerald's long line of sensual, modern flapper characters, Jordan is one of the most well-known.
There is an amoral aura about her, and her world revolves around herself and false material values. Jordan is distinguished from Daisy in her hard, unsentimental view of romance. Daisy Buchanan Daisy Buchanan is one of the true "Golden Girls" of Fitzgerald's stories, the wealthy, hard-toget debutante. In this book, she is the love interest of Jay Gatsby, who builds his mansion for her, and views her East Egg home from the point of its green light.
She is the cousin of Nick Carraway, and was brought up in Louisville society. She was the young love of Gatsby when he was a soldier. He does not see her after he is called to battle overseas. During the interim, she meets Tom Buchanan and marries him. At first happy in this marriage, she later discovers that Tom is having affairs. She withdraws into a dream world, yet never loses interest in the illusion of her love with Gatsby. Daisy flirts with him and entertaining his obsessive interest until she commits murder and he takes the rap.
Then, she hides behind the protection of her husband, a cruel brute, who uses and abuses people. Moreover, Daisy's voice is the voice of money, as Nick discovers. Her whole careless world revolves around this illusion: The danger is, like Gatsby, she carries the "well-forgotten dreams from age to age. Tom Buchanan Tom Buchanan is the villain of this novel and has Nazi-like theories of race.
Nick knew him from Yale and describes him as "one of the most powerful ends that ever played football" there. From an "enormously wealthy" family, he brings a string of polo ponies from Lake ForestIllinois, to the East. He and Daisy spend a year in France and "drifted here and there unrestfully wherever people played polo and were rich together," before ending up in East Egg. After college, Tom changes and becomes, the writer notes, a blond thirty-year-old with a "rather hard mouth and a supercilious manner.
Tom is demeaning to George Wilson, his mistress's husband, who owns a garage in the wasteland between New York and East Egg. He also mistreats Myrtle herself, whom he violently hits in front of her sister and Nick when she mentions Daisy's name.
The overall impression the reader has of this character is his physical power and brute strength. He is a fairly one-dimensional figure in this sense. Tom is indirectly responsible for Gatsby's death because he uses Wilson's hatred and jealousy against Gatsby in making Wilson believe that Myrtle was Gatsby's mistress.
Nick Carraway The character of Nick Carraway functions prominently in this novel. Young and attractive, Nick becomes friends with Jordan Baker at a dinner party, where he is reunited with his cousin, Daisy. Nick, who claims to be the only honest person he knows, succumbs to the lavish recklessness of his neighbors and the knowledge of the secret moral entanglements that comprise their essentially hollow lives.
While he is physically attracted to Jordan, he recognizes her basic dishonesty and inability to commit to a relationship. He muses on the loss of his innocence and youth when he is with her on his thirtieth birthday and sees himself driving on a road "toward death through the cooling twilight. Nick deduces that Gatsby is both a racketeer and an incurable romantic, whose ill-gotten wealth has been acquired solely to gain prominence in the sophisticated, moneyed world of Daisy's circle.
Nick is the moral center of the book. From his perspective, we see the characters misbehave or behave admirably. In keeping with Nick's code of conduct, inherited from his father, we learn from the very beginning of the novel that he is "inclined to reserve all judgments" about people because whenever he feels compelled to criticize someone he remembers "that all the people in this world haven't had the advantages that you've had.
Insofar as Gatsby represents the simplicity of heart Fitzgerald associated with the Midwest, he is really a great man. His ignorance of his real greatness and misunderstanding of his notoriety endear him to Nick, who tells him he is better than the "whole rotten bunch put together. Klipspringer Jay Gatsby One of the most fascinating figures in American literary history, Jay Gatsby is a self-created personage, the embodiment of the American Dream. As Nick discovers, Gatsby's parents were poor farmers, whom he had never accepted as his parents.
One day, while attending a small Lutheran college in southern Minnesota and feeling dismayed by having to work as a janitor to put himself through school, Gatsby spots the moored yacht of Dan Cody.
In an action that changes the young boy's life, Cody welcomes him aboard his yacht and introduces him to fine living.Great Gatsby - Character Relationships
Gatsby becomes the protege of the wealthy goldminer and lives with him until Cody dies. With some wealth of his own and dreams of more, he goes into the army. His fate is truly sealed when he meets the most popular girl in the Alabama town near his army post. She becomes the embodiment of the American Dream for him instantly, and from that moment they fall in love and he is determined to have the girl named Daisy. He becomes impressed with her beautiful home and many boyfriends.
Perhaps attracted to her material value, she becomes his sole reason for being. When he considers his penniless state, he vows never to lose her in that way again, for while he is called to fight and is away at war, she marries a wealthy Midwesterner named Tom Buchanan. Gatsby commits himself to "the following of a grail" in his pursuit of her and what she represents.
This obsession is characteristic of a dreamer like Gatsby, who loses a sense of reality but rather believes in "a promise that the rock of the world was founded securely on a fairy's wing. He then returns to America and becomes involved in a drug ring. In his criminal affairs, he quickly gains wealth. To be close to her, Gatsby buys a mansion across the bay and gives extravagant parties in the hopes that Daisy will come to one.
He discovers that Nick is a distant cousin of Daisy and gets Nick to take him to see her. Gatsby's parties are vulgar, in spite of his polite manners, and he lacks a sense of security despite the outward manifestation of his ego.
Nevertheless, his loyalty to his dream and idealism mark him as one of the tragic heroes in American literature.
Klipspringer is a hanger-on, who lives off Gatsby by boarding at his mansion. He does liver exercises on the floor when Nick tours with Daisy and Gatsby.
The Great Gatsby - Analysis - Dramatica
A "dishevelled man in pajamas," he gives nothing back to Gatsby. Gatsby compliments Klipspringer, or Ewing, as he calls him, for his piano playing of popular songs. One of these features the lines: Three sound cassettes, unabridged, read by Alexander Scourby, The other sound recording is by Recorded books, Audiobooks. Three sound cassettes, unabridged, read by Frank Muller, Michaelis A coffee-store owner who lives next to the Wilsons. He is the chief witness at the inquest about Myrtle's death.
Owl Eyes This minor character illuminates the character of Jay Gatsby. He finds that the books in Gatsby's library are real, even though the pages are uncut.
Like the books, Gatsby is the real thing, but unformed, unlettered, and for all his financial cunning, ignorant. Furthermore, the ocular imagery in the book is enhanced by this character's role since various acquaintances of the mysterious Gatsby lend their truth to his real story. George Wilson George Wilson feels henpecked by his wife Myrtle. A victim of circumstance, he has a poor life and can only work to make a living and must ask the man who is having an affair with his wife, Tom Buchanan, for a car with which to move away.
Full of anger and frustration about his wife's disloyalty, Wilson acts on his impulses and kills someone who is just as much a victim of the Buchanans as he.
According to Nick, "he was a blonde, spiritless man, anemic, and faintly handsome. When he saw us … hope sprang into his light blue eyes. Myrtle Wilson Myrtle Wilson is the mistress of Tom Buchanan and wife of George Wilson, men representing distinctly separate classes on the social spectrum.
Myrtle clearly aspires to a life of wealth with Tom, who humors her with gifts: Nick describes her as a stout woman in her mids, who carries "her surplus flesh sensuously as some women can. She is another one of Tom's victims since he physically hits her in the face at her mention of Daisy's name, and is murdered by a speeding car she thinks belongs to Tom, as she rushes out to greet it.
Meyer Wolfsheim Meyer Wolfsheim is one of Jay Gatsby's underworld contacts in bootlegging and racketeering. Fitzgerald based this character on a real gangster who fixed the World Series, Arnold Rothstein. We see Wolfsheim at the Metropole and in dark settings. One of Wolfsheim's notable characteristics is his wearing of cufflinks made of human molars.
He is so selfish and insecure that he refuses to attend Gatsby's funeral. Nick sees the gangster part of Gatsby's life as one of the ways he made his money, but he separates Gatsby's character from true insensitive, subhuman criminals like Wolfsheim.
Gatsby stands by Daisy when she commits a crime, but Wolfsheim will not honor his relationships. Those in the Midwest—the newly arrived Nick Carraway—were fair, relatively innocent, unsophisticated, while those who lived in the East for some time—Tom and Daisy Buchanan—were unfair, corrupt, and materialistic.
The Westerners who moved East, furthermore, brought the violence of the Old West days to their new lives. Fitzgerald romanticizes the Midwest, since it is where the idealistic Jay Gatz was born and to where the morally enlightened Nick returns. It serves metaphorically as a condition of the heart, of going home to a moral existence rooted in basic, conservative values.
Further, the houses of East Egg and West Egg represent similar moral differences. Fitzgerald refers to the West as the green breast of a new world, a reflection of a man's dream, an America subsumed in this image.
The materialism of the East creates the tragedy of destruction, dishonesty, and fear. No values exist in such an environment.
American Dream Gatsby represents the American dream of self-made wealth and happiness, the spirit of youth and resourcefulness, and the ability to make something of one's self despite one's origins. He achieved more than his parents had and felt he was pursuing a perfect dream, Daisy, who for him embodied the elements of success. Gatsby's mentor, Dan Cody, was the ultimate self-made man who influenced Gatsby in his tender, impressionable youth.
Inherent in this dream, however, was the possibility of giving in to temptation and to corrupt getrich-quick schemes like bootlegging and gambling.
Fitzgerald's book mirrors the headiness, ambition, despair, and disillusionment of America in the s: Meyer Wolfsheim's enterprising ways to make money are criminal; Jordan Baker's attempts at sporting fame lead her to cheating; and the Buchanans' thirst for the good life victimizes others to the point of murder. Only Gatsby, who was relatively unselfish in his life, and whose primary flaw was a naive idealism, could be construed as fulfilling the author's vision of the American Dream.
Throughout the novel are many references to his tendency to dream, but in fact, his world rests insecurely on a fairy's wing. On the flip side of the American Dream, then, is a naivete and a susceptibility to evil and poor-intentioned people. It is said that Fitzgerald's life mirrored the life of America during the decades of the s and s.
Chart the decline and growth of America's economy during this time and draw parallels between them and Fitzgerald's life during those particular periods. Much has been written of the American expatriate writers in Paris. Read a book by or about these authors, such as A Charmed Circle or The Sun Also Rises and define the characteristics of these expatriates, their attitudes to events in the U.
Include Fitzgerald's trips to Paris and the Riviera in your observations. Prohibition was one example of the U. What are other examples of this in the field of education in the s?
Examine the Dadaist art movement in Europe—as demonstrated in the works of Marcel Duchamps—and compare its tenets and manifestations to the New York adaptation of this popular art form.
Note the philosophy behind this movement and relate it to the Wasteland motif in The Great Gatsby. Relate the tales of Bonnie and Clyde 's shooting spree, Al Capone 's underworld activities, and other major scandals of the times. Examine why gangsterism and crime were romanticized in the Twenties, and why they are romanticized today as well. Hand in hand with this idea is the appearances and reality theme. Fitzgerald displays what critics have termed an ability to see the face behind the mask.
Thus, behind the expensive parties, Gatsby is a lonely man. Though hundreds had come to his mansion, hardly anyone came to his funeral. Klipspringer, and the long list of partygoers simply use Gatsby for their pleasures. Gatsby himself is a put-on, with his "Oggsford" accent, fine clothes, and "old boy" routine; behind this facade is a man who is involved in racketeering.
Gatsby's greatness lies in his capacity for illusion. Had he seen Daisy for what she was, he could not have loved her with such singleminded devotion. He tries to recapture Daisy, and for a time it looks as though he will succeed.
But he must fail, because of his inability to separate the ideal from the real. The famous verbal exchange between Nick and Gatsby typifies this: Eliot that refers to an object that takes on greater significance and comes to symbolize the mood and world of a literary work in this case is the eyes of Dr.
Eckleburg, which preside over the valley of ashheaps near Wilson's garage. There are no spiritual values in a place where money reigns: This is no place for Nick, who is honest. He is the kind of person who says he is one of the few honest people he's ever met, and one who is let down by the world of excess and indulgence. His mark of sanity is to leave the wasteland environment to return home in the West. In a similar manner, T. Eliot's renowned poem "The Wasteland" describes the decline of Western civilization and its lack of spirituality through the objective correlative defining image of the wasteland.
The technique is similar to that used by British novelist Joseph Conradone of Fitzgerald's literary influences, and shows how Nick feels about the characters. Superbly chosen by the author, Nick is a romantic, moralist, and judge who gives the reader retrospective flashbacks that fill us in on the life of Gatsby and then flash forward to foreshadow his tragedy.
Nick must be the kind of person whom others trust. Nick undergoes a transformation himself because of his observations about experiences surrounding the mysterious figure of Jay Gatsby.
Through this first-person "I" narrative technique, we also gain insight into the author's perspective. Nick is voicing much of Fitzgerald's own sentiments about life. One is quite simply that "you can never judge a book by its cover" and often times a person's worth is difficult to find at first.
Out of the various impressions we have of these characters, we can agree with Nick's final estimation that Gatsby is worth the whole "rotten bunch of them put together. West and East are two opposing poles of values: The Western states, including the Midwest, represent decency and the basic ethical principles of honesty, while the East is full of deceit.
The difference between East and West Egg is a similar contrast in cultures. The way the characters line up morally correlates with their geographical choice of lifestyle. The Buchanans began life in the West but gravitated to the East and stayed there. Gatsby did as well, though only to follow Daisy and to watch her house across the bay. His utter simplicity and naivete indicates an idealism that has not been lost.
Nick remains the moral center of the book and returns home to the Midwest. To him, the land is "not the wheat or the prairies or the lost Swede towns, but the thrilling returning trains of my youth, and the street lamps and sleigh bells in the frosty dark and the shadows of holly wreaths thrown by lighted windows on the snow. I am part of that. The memory of the East haunts him once he returns home. Another setting of importance is the wasteland of ash heaps, between New York City and Long Island, where the mechanization of modern life destroys all the past values.
Nick's view of the modern world is that God is dead, and man makes a valley of ashes; he corrupts ecology, corrupts the American Dream and desecrates it.
The only Godlike image in this deathlike existence are the eyes of Dr. Eckleburg on a billboard advertising glasses. Satire Fitzgerald wrote The Great Gatsby in the form of a satire, a criticism of society's foibles through humor.
The elements of satire in the book include the depiction of the nouveau riche "newly rich"the sense of vulgarity of the people, the parties intended to draw Daisy over, the grotesque quality of the name "Great" Gatsby in the title.
Satire originated in the Roman times, and similarly criticized the rich thugs with no values, tapped into cultural pessimism, and gave readers a glimpse into chaos. The Great Gatsby is the tale of the irresponsible rich.
Originally, the title of the book was "Trimalchio," based on an ancient satire of a man called Trimalchio who dresses up to be rich. The green light that shines off Daisy's dock is one example. Gatsby sees it as his dream, away from his humble beginnings, towards a successful future with the girl of his desire.
Daisy and Jordan are in an aura of whiteness like angels—which they are not, of course, yet everything in Gatsby's vision that is associated with Daisy is bright. Her chatter with Jordan is described as "cool as their white dresses and their impersonal eyes" by Nick.
The lamp light in the house is "bright on [Tom's] boots and dull on the autumn-leaf yellow of her hair. On the other hand, Meyer Wolfsheim, the gambler, is seen in a restaurant hidden in a dark cellar when Gatsby first introduces him to Nick.
Victorious, America experienced an economic boom and expansion. Politically, the country made major advances in the area of women's independence. During the war, women had enjoyed economic independence by taking over jobs for the men who fought overseas. After the war, they pursued financial independence and a freer lifestyle. This was the time of the "flappers," young women who dressed up in jewelry and feather boas, wore bobbed hairdos, and danced the Charleston.
Zelda Fitzgerald and her cronies, including Sara Murphy, exemplified the ultimate flapper look. In The Great Gatsby, Jordan Baker is an athletic, independent woman, who maintains a hardened, amoral view of life. Her character represents the new breed of woman in America with a sense of power during this time. As a reaction against the fads and liberalism that emerged in the big cities after the war, the U.
Government and conservative elements in the country advocated and imposed legislation restricting the manufacture and distribution of liquor. Its organizers, the Women's Christian Temperance Movement, National Prohibition Party, and others, viewed alcohol as a dangerous drug that disrupted lives and families. They felt it the duty of the government to relieve the temptation of alcohol by banning it altogether. In January,the U. Congress ratified the 18th Amendment to the Constitution that outlawed the "manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors" on a national level.
You can use some of the words you underlined. How are the characters connected? Either You are Nick. Write a letter of thanks to Daisy and Tom for the dinner.
Write a letter of thanks to Nick for coming to dinner. Will Nick see Daisy and Tom again soon? Nick Hathaway is a middle-aged man from California who comes to Long Island in the winter of He rents a house in West Egg, a very fashionable area, next to a bungalow owned by a millionaire called Gatsby.
Soon after he arrives, Nick is invited to dinner across the bay in East Egg by his niece Daisy Buchanan. Tom plays tennis and is proud of his mansion and his marriage to Daisy. She tells Nick that she has been to a party given by Mr Gatsby. Daisy tells Nick over dinner that she is unhappy and that she wants Nick and Jordan to see each other again. Nick goes home a little confused and sees Gatsby sitting on a chair, looking across Long Island Sound to a blue light on the other side of the bay.
Key Passages Chapter Four
What do you think Gatsby is thinking? Why does he stretch out his arms? Write down some ideas and then discuss them with the class. Vocabulary 7 Look at these groups of words. Can you find the odd one out? Use your own words. Reading 9 Identify who is talking. Can you predict what will happen in the city and what more will we learn about the characters involved? Above this grey land and the endless dust, after a moment you notice the eyes of Doctor T. But his eyes remain, less bright than before from the effects of the weather, looking out over this solemn valley.
I was on the train with Tom to New York one afternoon. There were three shops there, one for rent, another an all-night restaurant and the third a garage. The sign said Repairs. Cars bought and sold. The interior of the garage was bare, just a dusty old Ford car in the corner. He was quite handsome but he had an unhealthy look. Seeing us made his blue eyes light up.
My man is working on it now. Tom looked around the garage impatiently. She was around thirty five years old and had a sensuous air of vitality about her.
She smiled slowly, went past her husband as if he were a ghost and shook hands with Tom while looking him directly in the eye. Mrs Wilson turned to her husband and ordered him to fetch some chairs. We waited for her down the road.
At least Tom recognized the sensibilities of the East Eggers on the train. When we arrived, she bought a couple of magazines, some skin cream and some perfume.
She chose the fifth taxi that came along and we left the station and found sunshine. We drove to Fifth Avenue on that warm summer Sunday afternoon.
With an air of superiority, Mrs Wilson went inside, accompanied by her dog and her purchases. The top-floor apartment consisted of a small living room, a small dining-room, a small bedroom and a bath. The living-room was filled with oversized furniture which made it difficult to move around.
On the wall was an enlarged photograph of what looked like a hen sitting on a rock. A selection of magazines lay on a table.
Mrs Wilson ordered the elevator-boy to get milk and a bed for the bonnet hat made of cloth or straw, with a ribbon to tie under the chin 27 F. Meanwhile Tom found a bottle of whiskey. Then there were no cigarettes, so I went out to buy some at the drugstore on the corner. When I came back, the two of them had disappeared, so I sat down to read a book. Either it was of terrible quality, or the whiskey was distorting things, but it made no sense to me at all.
When Tom and Myrtle we were now on first-name terms, thanks to the drink re-appeared, more people started arriving.
Catherine, the sister, was a slim girl of around thirty, with red hair, a milk-white complexion and eyebrows painted on at an immoral angle. The large number of pottery bracelets on her arms meant that there was a constant clicking as she moved around.
She looked so possessively at the furniture that I asked her if she lived here — but she just laughed loudly, repeated my question and then told me she lived with a girlfriend in a hotel. Mr McKee was a pale, polite man from the apartment below who had evidently just finished shaving; a small white spot of soap was still on his cheek.
She told me proudly that her husband had languid slow-moving, having no energy 28 F. Mrs Wilson now wore a cream-colored dress which seemed to change her personality. Last week a woman did my feet and when she gave me the bill, you would think I had major surgery! She does home visits. Mr McKee made a gesture to show he thought his wife was crazy. I was at a party there about a month ago. Do you know him?
Catherine looked at Myrtle and then at Tom and whispered in my ear. The answer — violent and obscene — came from Myrtle herself, who had overheard my question. I went there with another girl. We went via Marseilles and we had twelve hundred dollars when we started. But we spent it all in two days in private rooms — we had a terrible time getting back home! I nearly married the wrong man, a Jew who had wanted me for years. I thought he was a gentleman, but I was wrong.
The man wanted it back the next day. I tried a few times to go for a walk towards Central Park, but I became entrapped in a series of wild arguments. At one point Myrtle came over to me and told me about her first meeting with Tom.