In the United States, periods and commas go inside quotation marks Be careful , though, to begin a new sentence after the attribution if sense calls for it: "I don't That's probably not a good idea if there is a lot of it because the indents can be. Do I put the period inside or outside the quotation marks? an APA Style paper, we have some nice, straightforward solutions for you. and work with the logic of gaining a sense of and a relation to ourselves, our lives. Relationships . On the mysteries of combining quotation marks with other punctuation marks. By . The most common question people ask about quotation marks is whether periods and commas go inside or outside, and the answer In the early s, it appears that the Fowler brothers (who wrote a famous British style.
If you follow these three rules, you will always be correct when using quotation marks with other forms of punctuation.
You may ask, "Does it really matter that much if I use correct grammar? Let's start with college applications. Today's application forms, with their required essays, are almost entirely online. What you write and how you write determines, to a considerable degree, whether or not you will be accepted. Correct grammar counts -- big time! Unemployment is at a high rate, and the trend seems to be downsizing the workforce -- using technology more than people.
When being considered for a job or for a promotion or for just keeping your present job, knowing and using correct grammar -- verbal and written -- can make the difference. And the trend is definitely toward communication via the Internet, with less and less communication by the spoken word.
Those who have good written English skills are definitely going to be in a favored position.
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There is also an emphasis on "global. And this is also true of the workforce -- we are seeing more and more jobs being outsourced to other countries. Although people who were reared in another country may have trouble pronouncing English, many of them have studied English since they were young children. They not only know the rules of English grammar, they follow them. There was a time when products manufactured in the United States had little competition.
Just try, for example, to buy a computer or a TV that was manufactured in the United States. And what about the car industry? This past week, Detroit, the once-upon-a-time capital of the car industry, had to declare bankruptcy. The United States is no longer the baron of the international automobile industry.
And once again we see an industry that is relying less and less on people and more and more on electronics -- on robots. Knowing and using correct written grammar is a must. Or fast forward a generation or two and consider everyday life in the United States. In the United Kingdom, Canada, and islands under the influence of British education, punctuation around quotation marks is more apt to follow logic.
Commas, Periods, and Quotation Marks
In American style, then, you would write: My favorite poem is Robert Frost's "Design. My favorite poem is Robert Frost's "Design". The placement of marks other than periods and commas follows the logic that quotation marks should accompany be right next to the text being quoted or set apart as a title. Thus, you would write on either side of the Atlantic: What do you think of Robert Frost's "Design"?
Further, punctuation around quoted speech or phrases depends on how it fits into the rest of your text. If a quoted word or phrase fits into the flow of your sentence without a break or pause, then a comma may not be necessary: The phrase "lovely, dark and deep" begins to suggest ominous overtones. Following a form of to say, however, you'll almost always need a comma: My father always said, "Be careful what you wish for.
My mother's favorite quote was from Shakespeare: She was becoming impatient and wished that she were elsewhere. When quoted dialogue carries from one paragraph to another and to another and anotherthe closing quotation mark does not appear until the quoted language finally ends although there is a beginning quotation mark at the start of each new quoted paragraph to remind the reader that this is quoted language.
Also, in parenthetical documentation see the Guide to Writing Research Papersthe period comes after the parenthetical citation which comes after the quotation mark" Darling