What's behind the China-Taiwan divide? - BBC News
trip to Taiwan, and tensions have escalated almost to the point of war. The present issue of Asian Affairs is devoted to a brief history of Taiwan-China relations. In their nature, Taiwan is an island and China is a cultural concept. Both PRC and ROC constitutionally recognize themselves as the official government of what. THIS YEAR senior officials from Taiwan and China have held two Relations between China and Taiwan have taken a turn for the better, but.
In the decades that followed, a movement and later a party the Democratic Progressive Party or DPP made up largely of native Taiwanese pressed for democratization as well as for the affirmation of an identity apart from the mainland and, eventually, independence. As democratization proceeded, their demands increasingly became an important consideration shaping the management of cross-strait relations.
General Overviews There are very few books that provide a comprehensive view of the history of relations between Taiwan and the mainland. Most focus on more contemporary relations. However, Rubinstein provides reliable and extensive coverage by prominent scholars from a historical perspective.
Bush provides a summary of the background to the relationship and has a strong policy orientation from the perspective of the United States, while Roy presents a somewhat standard, if dry, overview of Taiwan history and relations with the mainland.
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Rigger is a more informal and personal discussion of the island and its relationship with the mainland. Naturally, each side holds to its own version of history.
For the mainland side, the most accessible statement Taiwan Affairs Office Historical background to the mainland view can be found in the documents published in Chiuwhile Clough traces the beginnings of the thawing of cross-strait relations at the end of the 20th century.
Su is a useful view from a KMT scholar who has been deeply involved in cross-strait relations.
Making Peace in the Taiwan Strait. Brookings Institution Press, An analysis of the fundamental issues in cross-strait relations during the administrations of Lee Teng-hui — and Chen Shui-bian — by a former US government official deeply involved in cross-strait relations. China and the Question of Taiwan; Documents and Analysis. Cooperation or Conflict in the Taiwan Strait?
The term " Chinese Taipei " was similarly created for the same purpose.
Taiwan, China - Wikipedia
However, the political status of Taiwan is a complex and controversial issue and currently unresolved, in large part due to the United States and the Allies of World War II handling of the surrender of Taiwan from Japan in which was to be a temporary administration by the ROC troopsand the Treaty of Peace with Japan "Treaty of San Francisco" infor which neither the ROC nor the PRC was invited, and left Taiwan's sovereignty legally undefined in international law and in dispute.
Ambiguity of "Taiwan Province"[ edit ] Main article: Geographically speaking, they both refer to the same place. Without more specific indication, it is unclear to which "Taiwan Province" is being referred. Although the word "China" could also possibly be interpreted to mean "Republic of China", this interpretation is no longer common since "China" is typically understood as referring to the PRC after the ROC lost its UN seat as "China" inand is considered a term distinct from "Taiwan", the name with which the ROC has become identified.
However, references to the province is now rare since the Taiwan Provincial Government has largely been dissolved and its functions transferred to the central government or county governments since Various instances of the use of the term by international organizations or news media have been met with protest from the Taiwanese government officials and citizens.
Taiwan Independence Supporters[ edit ] Further information: Taiwan independence The confusion and fight over use of the "China" name and the lack of name recognition of "Republic of China" itself and recognition as a country are part of the reason for the supporters of Taiwan independence to push for an identity apart from "China" and for renaming the ROC and gaining international recognition as " Republic of Taiwan ".
Some supporters also reject the legitimacy of Republic of China 's takeover of Taiwan from Japan at the end of World War II since due to the lack of transfer of sovereignty in the Treaty of Peace with Japan.