BBC - Religions - Hinduism: Hindu concepts
“As you sow, so shall you reap” is a common phrase in life which concisely sums up the law of karma. Karma is the universal Hindu law of cause and effect. Feb 21, This lesson will explore the Hindu belief system by explaining the concepts of karma, dharma and moksha. For those of us in the Western world, today's lesson on the Hindu belief system will probably be a bit alien. In very simplified terms, karma is the Hindu belief that a person's. when a person understands the relationship between atman and Brahman . of you do dharma you get good karma and so when samsara happens, you can.
The direct impact we have on each other through our thoughts, words, and deeds ultimately carves the path we are destined to follow. Causality indicates that one event causes another and that yesterday's decisions create your present circumstance.
We often attach "good" and "bad" to karma, such as payback for generous or malicious behaviors. While some validity may apply to that, karma spans entire lifespans and lifetimes, and therefore cannot be limited to isolated and specific events. The perpetual cycle of karma is the result of making choices based on desires leading to attachments. Contentment Is it human nature to feel dissatisfied?
What is the Relationship Between Dharma and Karma?
What inspires the ambition towards an infinite bigger, better, faster? Perhaps both sides contain elements of the truth; only in achieving balance between acting towards the good of self and the good of others can we sustain life. The ability to remain present in the moment despite the urge to look toward the future reveals that in the here and now, peace exists.
After all, as long as the breath flows and life continues, we should have no worries. That ideal, however, does not fit in well with much of the hustle and bustle of our daily responsibilities.
Indeed, not to act according to one's own dharma is wrong and called adharma. Correct action in accordance with dharma is also understood as service to humanity and to God. The idea of what has become known as sanatana dharma can be traced back to the puranas - texts of antiquity.
Difference Between Dharma and Karma | Difference Between | Dharma vs Karma
Those who adhere to this idea of one's eternal dharma or constitution, claim that it transcends other mundane dharmas - that it is the para dharma, the ultimate dharma of the self.
It is often associated with bhakti movements, who link an attitude of eternal service to a personal deity. Now exhibited in the Horniman Museum, London. This is called varnashrama-dharma. In Hindu history the highest class, the Brahmins, adhered to this doctrine.
The class system is a model or ideal of social order that first occurs in the oldest Hindu text, the Rig Veda and the present-day caste jati system may be rooted in this. The four classes are: Brahmans or Brahmins - the intellectuals and the priestly class who perform religious rituals Kshatriya nobles or warriors - who traditionally had power Vaishyas commoners or merchants - ordinary people who produce, farm, trade and earn a living Shudras workers - who traditionally served the higher classes, including labourers, artists, musicians, and clerks People in the top three classes are known as 'twice born' because they have been born from the womb and secondly through initiation in which boys receive a sacred thread as a symbol of their high status.
Although usually considered an initiation for males it must be noted that there are examples of exceptions to this rule, where females receive this initiation. The twice born traditionally could go through four stages of life or ashramas.
The ashrama system is as follows: Brahmacarya - 'celibate student' stage in which males learned the Veda grihastha - 'householder' in which the twice born male can experience the human purposes purushartha of responsibility, wealth, and sexual pleasure Vanaprastha - 'hermit' or 'wilderness dweller' in which the twice born male retires from life in the world to take up pilgrimage and religious observances along with his wife Samnyasa - 'renunciation' in which the twice born gives up the world, takes on a saffron robe or, in some sects, goes naked, with a bowl and a staff to seek moksha liberation or develop devotion Correct action in accordance with dharma is also understood as service to humanity and to God.
The idea of what has become known as sanatana dharma can be traced back to the puranas. It is often associated with bhakti movements, who propose that we are all eternal servants of a personal Deity, thus advocating each act, word, and deed to be acts of devotion. In the 19th Century the concept of sanatana dharma was used by some groups to advocate a unified view of Hinduism.
It refers to the law that every action has an equal reaction either immediately or at some point in the future. Good or virtuous actions, actions in harmony with dharma, will have good reactions or responses and bad actions, actions against dharma, will have the opposite effect. In Hinduism karma operates not only in this lifetime but across lifetimes: Hindus believe that human beings can create good or bad consequences for their actions and might reap the rewards of action in this life, in a future human rebirth or reap the rewards of action in a heavenly or hell realm in which the self is reborn for a period of time.
This process of reincarnation is called samsara, a continuous cycle in which the soul is reborn over and over again according to the law of action and reaction.
relationship between Dharma, Karma and Moksha?
At death many Hindus believe the soul is carried by a subtle body into a new physical body which can be a human or non-human form an animal or divine being. The goal of liberation moksha is to make us free from this cycle of action and reaction, and from rebirth. Purushartha Purushartha Hinduism developed a doctrine that life has different goals according to a person's stage of life and position. These goals became codified in the 'goals of a person' or 'human goals', the purusharthas, especially in sacred texts about dharma called 'dharma shastras' of which the 'Laws of Manu' is the most famous.
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In these texts three goals of life are expressed, namely virtuous living or dharma, profit or worldly success, and pleasure, especially sexual pleasure as a married householder and more broadly aesthetic pleasure. A fourth goal of liberation moksha was added at a later date.
The purusharthas express an understanding of human nature, that people have different desires and purposes which are all legitimate in their context. Over the centuries there has been discussion about which goal was most important. Towards the end of the Mahabharata Shantiparvan Vidura claims that dharma is most important because through it the sages enter the absolute reality, on dharma the universe rests, and through dharma wealth is acquired. I think the caste system is more practised in India.
However, there are also many Indians living in India who do not advocate the caste system either. Hinduism does not promote one being as being higher than the other. The Bhagvad Gita says that God is manifested in all of creation.
Therefore, he is equally present in people of all races, religions and social standings. I think the caste is totally misunderstood and blown out of proportion. Caste is really what people do in their daily lives. It simply means that we have different roles in society. It doesn't mean that one is more important.