Eumaeus - Wikipedia
In Greek mythology, Theoclymenus /ˌθiəˈklɪmɪnəs/ (Θεοκλύμενος), son of Polypheides, was a prophet from Argos, who, in the Odyssey, had been taken from that city after killing one of his relatives being captured by pirates. He fled to Pylos and sought refuge aboard the ship of Telemachus, who had Eumaeus ( swineherd); Philoetius (cowherd); Melanthius (goatherd); Argos. Eumaeus 1 was Odysseus' loyal servant and swineherd, a man of sound principles, who Telemachus, Odysseus, and the whole of this family more than his own. . mood; and that is why he scolded both Eumaeus 1 and Philoetius, saying. naivetö, and filial relation to Odysseus all favor his trustworthiness, and besides . Odysseus reveals himself to Eurycleia as he does to Telemachus, Eumaeus.
The nurse was killed by Artemis on the journey by sea, but the sailors continued to Ithaca where Odysseus's father Laertes bought him as a slave.
Thereafter he was brought up with Odysseus and his sister Ctimene or Ktimeneand was treated by Anticleiatheir mother, almost as Ctimene's equal. He has four dogs, 'savage as wild beasts,' who protect his pigs. Although he does not recognise his old master — Odysseus is in disguise — and has his misgivings, Eumaeus treats Odysseus well, offering food and shelter to one whom he thinks is simply a pauper.
On being pushed to explain himself, Odysseus spins a distorted tale, misleading Eumaeus into believing that he is the son not of Laertes but of Castor. The swineherd refuses to accept the assurance that Odysseus is finally on his way home, though he loves him above all others rendering him especially bitter towards the suitors.
Eumaeus has become inured to such claims owing to their frequency during Odysseus' absence, and additionally because he had been misled previously by an impostor from Aetolia. Don't you try to gratify or soothe my heart with falsehoods. When the SUITORS discovered Penelope 's trick, they refused to leave Odysseus ' palace unless she married one of them, and in the meantime they consumed Odysseus ' estate in great parties and banquets.
Odysseus came to the palace disguised as a beggar, and when Penelope declared that she would marry the man who could bend Odysseus bow and shoot an arrow a contest was arranged. It is just as if a deer had put her little unweaned fawns to sleep in a mighty lion's den and gone to range the high ridges and the grassy dales for pasture.
Back comes the lion to his lair, and hideous carnage falls upon them all.
SUITORS OF PENELOPE - Greek Mythology Link
But Odysseus returned and no one of them escaped the palace alive. Penelope says that no one was dealt, because of the Trojan Wara heavier blow than her. For during the time her husband was away, she, not knowing whether he was dead or alive, passed her days in continuous mourning, founding relief only in tears or sleep. Some could reasonably tell her that Odysseus was not the only man who never returned from Troyand she could find the argument perfectly wise.
And yet, when she retired upstairs to her room, she would weep again for her beloved husband. How Odysseus won and lost Penelope Odysseus joined the alliance against Troy reluctantly, for this man did not dream of war and adventures, but instead of a quiet life at home.
Some would say that the gods planned it all, and that mortals have no choice against their will. And they may be right: In any case, Odysseus and Penelope had lived in Ithaca several years and Telemachus was just a babe, when King Agamemnon 's agent Palamedes came to the island and destroyed their family life by outwitting Odysseusand forcing him to comply with the oath he himself had invented and join the alliance that was being formed in order to sail to Troy and demand, by persuasion or by force, the restoration of Helen and the property stolen by the seducer Paris when he, guided by Aphroditevisited Sparta.
Palamedes did his duty, and Odysseus was bound to comply. Nevertheless, Odysseus held him responsible for having to leave country, wife, and child, and for that reason he plotted against Palamedesand had him stoned to death by the army as a traitor when they were fighting at Troy.
This war, which was not a minor one but instead a huge catastrophe which provoked the ruin, not only of the Trojan house, but also of many states in Hellas, lasted ten years. Euripides, Daughters of Troy And she even offered him immortality to tempt him to stay, but Odysseuslonging to see the day of his return home, refused the life of a god.
Such was the love of this man for his wife. As time went by, however, and all the survivors of the war except Odysseus had reached their homes while minstrels were already singing about the war as belonging to the past, some started to believe that he would never return.
And when they thought that Queen Penelope had been left a widow, which was not an extraordinary thought, considering that so many years had passed and neither Odysseus nor his army had returned, they presented themselves at the palace, asking her to choose the one whom she considered the best suited to be her new husband.
However, they did not wait for her answer in their own houses, but instead they gradually turned into an arrogant and insolent mob, imposing themselves and consuming Odysseus ' estate for their own sustenance.
In this manner, they spent their time slaughtering the sheep and fatted cattle belonging to the palace in order to provide their great parties with food. This was the life they led at Odysseus ' home, and with such a crowd filling the palace, there was always an uproar at those times, and since they had a remarkable appetite for banquets and feasts, complete ruin could be feared.
That is why Telemachus said: And that is why Telemachus proposed them to feast themselves elsewhere, giving them formal notice to quit his palace in front of the Ithacan assembly. For Telemachus saw these young men who pestered his mother with unwanted attentions and wasted his wealth as a disease and an outrage to decency.
And it was her, they argued, who had forced them to act as they did. For such wastrels as this one never want to do anything, but instead love to walk around and make a living through alms.
Eumaeus 1 - Greek Mythology Link
And having uttered these and other clever thoughts, he finished his speech with the same kind of elegance he had started it by landing a kick on Odysseus ' hip as he passed by. Do we not already have tramps in plenty to pester us and ruin our dinners?
Are you dissatisfied with the numbers collected here to eat your master's food that you must invite this one also? These are the men who all over the endless earth are invited.
But nobody would ask in a beggar to eat him out of house and home. For she, seeing that the stranger had traveled far, was anxious to ask him questions about her husband. The fateful bow appears On the second day of Odysseus ' arrival, Penelope decided to confront the SUITORS with the bow that was supposed to test their skill, promising that she would marry whoever among them who proved to be the handiest at stringing the bow and shooting the marks.
For these loyal servants knew nothing yet of what their master had schemed with his son, even less that he was alive and near. Nor did they suspect that the appearance of the bow signalled the downfall of the SUITORSand not, as it seemed to them, the definitive acceptance of Odysseus ' death. The first to make the attempt was Liodes, and when he failed he said that this bow would break the heart and be the death of many; and as it happens, truth may come out of any mouth. For this day, being the holiday of the archer god Apollowas not time, he argued, to bend bows.
Having called them out ,the king tested their loyalty, and when he was reassured of their feelings he revealed himself to them, showing his well known scar.