Relationship between god and humans in psalm 23

4. Psalm A Psalm That Calms the Soul |

relationship between god and humans in psalm 23

King David, himself a former shepherd, begins this Psalm with, “The Lord is my Similarly, human existence is but a sinful, carnal experience without God in our. Similarly, habit-driven humans, because of our self-indulgent constitutions, can also We are going to begin once again in Psalm , where we left off. .. intimate relationship—the kind that exist between a shepherd and his sheep; the kind. No single psalm has expressed more powerfully man's prayer of (). 1 A Psalm of David. The LORD is my shepherd, I shall not . David is describing God's relationship to him in terms of a kindly shepherd's relationship.

Some even see the imagery of a guide in verses 3 and 4. I am inclined to see two images in the psalm, that of the shepherd vv. The Sheep and the Shepherd NASB Knowing David was a shepherd in his early years, we may be inclined to interpret this psalm from the perspective of the shepherd.

He writes from the background of growing up in East Africa and later making his living as a sheep rancher for about eight years. However as Keller points out, 77 the vantage point of the psalm is from the perspective of the sheep, not that of the shepherd.

The shepherd theme is introduced in the first verse: The Israelites, in particular, were known as shepherds cf. The title of shepherd was given to kings, especially David 2 Sam. When David spoke of Yahweh as his shepherd, he thought of Him not only as his provider and protector but also as his king. He thought of God as his shepherd with the breadth of meaning this term conveyed in the ancient Near East in general and in the Law in particular.

In a similar way, a good father will provide for every need of his child. Now I understand that David meant that since he had the Lord as his shepherd, he had no other want; he was lacking nothing. The significance of this statement can hardly be overemphasized. All through the ages Satan has attempted to portray God as a begrudging giver who only provides when He must.

Satan desires to deceive those who trust in God, and wants them to believe they are lacking and deprived of the good things in life. This is the picture Satan tried to paint in suggesting that God had withheld the fruit of every tree of the garden from Adam and Eve Gen. God is also portrayed as a begrudging giver in the temptation of our Lord Matt. We need self-confidence and a better self-image, therefore we must wear stylish clothing determined by the garment industry.

He who is all-knowing, all-powerful, and all-caring, is enough; He is sufficient. With Him we need nothing else cf. Israel had found God to be a faithful provider of their needs during their years in the wilderness: For the Lord your God is bringing you into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and springs, flowing forth in valleys and hills; a land of wheat and barley, of vines and fig trees and pomegranates, a land of olive oil and honey; a land where you shall eat food without scarcity, in which you shall not lack anything; a land whose stones are iron, and out of whose hills you can dig copper Deut.

We must be very careful here, however, that we do not go too far. We should not understand David to mean that with God as his shepherd he had everything one could possibly desire or possess; this would be as wrong as to think that Israel never did without anything while in the wilderness cf. Verses 4 and 5 confirm this as well. As David wrote elsewhere: The young lions do lack and suffer hunger; but they who seek the Lord shall not be in want of any good thing Ps.

How to Apply Psalm 23 to Your Life

It is necessary to give a word of caution as we approach these verses filled with poetic imagery and therefore susceptible to abuse. Conversely, we must not let the imagery be carried too far so that we begin to see too much. There is a very delicate balance required when we attempt to interpret this kind of poetic imagery.

This seems to be the point of the key terms in each line. Leupold 81 reminds us that sheep do not graze lying down. He does this by supplying him with the necessary provisions of food and water, which sheep require.

Louie Giglio Psalms 23

Rest is certainly related to the required physical provisions of food and water, but rest is also related to restoration.

In order to be refreshed and renewed in spirit, rest is a prerequisite. Psalm 23 cannot be fully appreciated apart from the word of God spoken to Israel through the prophet Ezekiel. As a shepherd cares for his herd in the day when he is among his scattered sheep, so I will care for My sheep and will deliver them from all the places to which they were scattered on a cloudy and gloomy day. And I will bring them out from the peoples and gather them from the countries and bring them to their own land; and I will feed them on the mountains of Israel, by the streams, and in all the inhabited places of the land.

relationship between god and humans in psalm 23

I will feed them in a good pasture, and their grazing ground will be on the mountain heights of Israel. There they will lie down in good grazing ground, and they will feed in rich pasture on the mountains of Israel.

4. God is Good and Gracious Psalm 23 |

It appears that there is a spiritual meaning implied in Psalm While a shepherd provides his sheep with food, rest, and restoration, God provides His sheep with His Word, which is the principle means of giving spiritual nourishment, rest, and restoration. The second and third lines of verse 3 remind us that as a shepherd leads his flock, so God guides His people: He leads his sheep to places of nourishment and rest v. Often it is necessary for the shepherd to lead his flock great distances to find both pasture and water.

Some paths are dangerous and should be avoided. The good shepherd leads his sheep in the right paths. One of the assurances the psalmist is confident he will never lack is the leading of God in his life.

Verse 4 gives us yet another reason why God can be relied on to guide His sheep. Just as parents are evaluated by the way they care for their children, shepherds are judged by the condition of their flocks. We can be confident that God will guide His people because their lives reflect on Him as their Shepherd. What a wonderful assurance! In addition David sinned and suffered the painful consequences cf.

relationship between god and humans in psalm 23

There is a subtle but significant change which occurs in verse 4. Did you notice the change of pronouns? It is His presence which dispels our fears. Whether there are two distinct instruments indicated by these two terms 92 or just one 93 is open to discussion. They were used both to ward off enemies and to rescue straying sheep.

Discipline may seem unpleasant at the moment, but it is a comfort in the long term cf. While God may not always use His power to keep us out of trials, His presence and His power will always be with us to keep us through our trials. The Guest and the Hospitable Host He now describes this same relationship employing the imagery of a hospitable host. The relationship of a host with his guest is even closer than that of a shepherd with his sheep.

Just as well known in the ancient Near East was the significance of the hospitality offered to a traveler: In pastoral circles no human protection is greater than that afforded by the hospitality of a Bedouin chief. It was understood that this was a provision of shelter and food, but even more it was a guarantee of protection from harm.

We can sense this from Old Testament passages such as Genesis More enlightening and distressing! Whether or not we are able to grasp how a father could offer his virgin daughters to such a mob, we must at least gain some appreciation for the strong sense of obligation Lot felt to the two men in view of his hospitality.

To sit as a guest at the table of a host was to be assured of food, housing, fellowship and protection. This offered great security, especially since the host was a man of influence and generosity. The amount of security which any host could provide depended upon his prestige and power. The abundance of his provisions indicated that he was a prosperous, powerful, and generous man.

How to Apply Psalm 23 to Your Life - Bible Study

I would qualify this assertion by adding that the Edenic themes may also include the hope for the final restoration-rest he will find in the new creation of the physical earth. In this case, David could have been speaking prophetically, or foreshadowing, of what was to come. Importantly, it is God who does this: This lying down is obviously not simply about sleeping, though it can include the kind of assurance in God that he might have when he does sleep.

It is the Lord who has himself made it possible for David to find true rest beside streams of water. The Lord is the one who leads him Piel impf conveys the intensive aspect, stressing God who does this leading.

Water is a metaphor for a variety of things in the Bible over referencesand in this case I believe it portrays well-being of soul that pictures a rest from striving and peace of heart. This describes the soul at peace with God. Remember also that Adam and Eve enjoyed in Eden the rivers that watered their garden-paradise. In contrast, unstill water would have brought memories of the Flood of judgment on the world. Water was the most fundamental symbol for life in the A.

In our era, poets are generally seen as the defeated beatniks of a lazy and lost generation. Nevertheless, historically poets and poetry were seen as the mainstay of civilization, giving voice to the deepest longings and hopes of the human heart. In the ancient Old Testament context, emboldened with truth stated poetically, the heart could be strengthened in ways that strait prose can never do.

To test this idea, just try and put any of the OT psalms into conversational prose! The same goes for our songs, hymns, and spiritual songs; not only have they historically provided comfort and strength to countless millions of believers, they also have prepared them for the spiritual battle.

Thus, it is a historical travesty that many in our generation dismiss the great hymns and songs of the past, and replace them with soupy, touchy-feely, happy-clappy ditties lacking blood, sweat, and tears; lacking the themes of death and sorrow, thus truly lacking real comfort and encouragement.

David lived under the Lordship of God, he trusted in God for his life in the face of unmanageable, indeed impossible, opposition from within and without.

relationship between god and humans in psalm 23

But, more importantly, we meet a man who completely trusted in God for his redemption. And, indeed they give us much of that kind of encouragement. But, taken thus far, they were never intended to leave us there: I believe that this psalm especially presents us with the much more important spiritual message of the gospel of redemption.