# Explain the relationship between earth moon and sun

### Sun, Earth and Moon Model | Educate & inspire | Space Awareness

Relationship between Earth, Sun and Moon; 2. As The Earth Turns • The rotation of the earth causes a predictable change • What is the. If the moon happens to be positioned perfectly between the earth and sun from our vantage point on a particular part of the earth, we'll see. Explain how the earth, sun and moon interact with each other to create the This can only happen when the Earth is between the Moon and the Sun and all.

The game finishes when all the card pairs have been found. Before starting the game, encourage the students to lay out all the cards and look at all of the images and texts on the cards. Afterwards, show students the correct pairing of the cards use the answer sheet of the game. Then, discuss what the students learnt about the properties of Sun, Earth and Moon covering the following points: It is much hotter on the Sun than on Earth, because the Sun is a star.

Stars are much hotter and brighter than planets.

Science Video for Kids: Earth's Revolution & Rotation

The temperature on Earth is hotter than the temperature water freezes, but colder than the temperature water boils, giving us liquid water, and therefore oceans, on Earth. The temperature on the Moon can range from very cold to very hot.

The Sun is more than a hundred times wider than the Earth. The Earth is about four times wider than the Moon. The revolving Earth Step 1: Draw a picture of the Earth in the middle of the board.

Explain that the Moon revolves around the Earth, and then add it to the drawing. Now explain that both the Earth and the Moon revolve around the Sun. Draw this on the board as well. Invite three students to come to the front of the class. Explain that student 1 is the Moon, student 2 is the Earth and student 3 is the Sun.

Encourage the students to enact the movement of the Moon around the Earth and the spinning of the Earth on its axis while it revolves around the Sun. Explain that the Moon, a natural satellite, revolves around the Earth, a planet, and both revolve around the Sun, a star. Explain that they are going to make a mobile showing this. The Sun-Earth-Moon mobile Step 1: Now distribute the Sun-Earth-Moon mobile worksheet and explain the ten steps to making the Sun mobile. Talk through the instructions together.

This results in one part of the Earth being more directly exposed to rays from the Sun than the other part. The part tilted away from the Sun experiences a cool season, while the part tilted toward the Sun experiences a warm season.

Seasons change as the Earth continues its revolution, causing the hemisphere tilted away from or towards the Sun to change accordingly. When it is winter in the Northern hemisphere, it is summer in the Southern hemisphere, and vice versa. The Earth's tilt on its axis leads to one hemisphere facing the Sun more than the other hemisphere and gives rise to seasons.

Solar Eclipses[ edit ] Figure A solar eclipse occurs when the new moon passes directly between the Earth and the Sun Figure This casts a shadow on the Earth and blocks our view of the Sun. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's shadow completely blocks the Sun Figure When only a portion of the Sun is out of view, it is called a partial solar eclipse.

Solar eclipses are rare events that usually only last a few minutes.

## Earth, Sun and Moon

That is because the Moon's shadow only covers a very small area on Earth and Earth is turning very rapidly. As the Sun is covered by the moon's shadow, it will actually get cooler outside. Birds may begin to sing, and stars will become visible in the sky. During a solar eclipse, the corona and solar prominences can be seen. Photo of a total solar eclipse.

### What is the relationship between the Sun, Moon, and Earth? | Socratic

During a solar eclipse, never look directly towards the sun even if the sun cannot be seen, as its harmful rays can damage your eyes badly. Always use special glasses which filter out the harmful sun rays when seeing a solar eclipse. A Lunar Eclipse[ edit ] A lunar eclipse occurs when the full moon moves through the shadow of the Earth Figure This can only happen when the Earth is between the Moon and the Sun and all three are lined up in the same plane, called the ecliptic.

The ecliptic is the plane of Earth's orbit around the Sun.

### Earth, Sun and Moon - Universe Today

The Earth's shadow has two distinct parts: The umbra is the inner, cone shaped part of the shadow, in which all of the light has been blocked. The outer part of Earth's shadow is the penumbra where only part of the light is blocked. In the penumbra, the light is dimmed but not totally absent. A total lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon travels completely in Earth's umbra. The Earth's shadow is quite large, so a lunar eclipse lasts for hours and can be seen by anyone with a view of the Moon at the time of the eclipse.

The formation of a lunar eclipse. Partial lunar eclipses occur at least twice a year, but total lunar eclipses are less common. The moon glows with a dull red coloring during a total lunar eclipse.

The Phases of the Moon[ edit ] The Moon does not produce any light of its own—it only reflects light from the Sun. As the Moon moves around the Earth, we see different parts of the near side of the Moon illuminated by the Sun. This causes the changes in the shape of the Moon that we notice on a regular basis, called the phases of the Moon. As the Moon revolves around Earth, the illuminated portion of the near side of the Moon will change from fully lit to completely dark and back again.

A full moon is the lunar phase seen when the whole of the Moon's lit side is facing Earth. This phase happens when Earth is between the Moon and the Sun. About one week later, the Moon enters the quarter-moon phase. At this point, the Moon appears as a half-circle, since only half of the Moon's lit surface is visible from Earth.

When the Moon moves between Earth and the Sun, the side facing Earth is completely dark. This is called the new moon phase, and we do not usually see the Moon at this point.

Sometimes you can just barely make out the outline of the new moon in the sky. This is because some sunlight reflects off the Earth and hits the moon. Before and after the quarter-moon phases are the gibbous and crescent phases. During the gibbous moon phase, the moon is more than half lit but not full.

During the crescent moon phase, the moon is less than half lit and is seen as only a sliver or crescent shape. It takes about The phases of the Moon.

## What is the relationship between the Sun, Moon, and Earth?

Note that the Sun would be above the top of this picture, and thus, the Sun's rays would be directed downward. The Tides[ edit ] Tides are the regular rising and falling of Earth's surface water in response to gravitational attraction from the Moon and Sun.

The Moon's gravity causes the oceans to bulge out in the direction of the Moon. In other words, the Moon's gravity is pulling upwards on Earth's water, producing a high tide. On the other side of the Earth, there is another high tide area, produced where the Moon's pull is weakest. As the Earth rotates on its axis, the areas directly in line with the Moon will experience high tides. Each place on Earth experiences changes in the height of the water throughout the day as it changes from high tide to low tide.

There are two high tides and two low tides each tidal day. The first picture shows what is called a spring tide. Confusingly, this tide has nothing to do with the season "Spring", but means that the tide waters seem to spring forth. During a spring tide, the Sun and Moon are in line. This happens at both the new moon and the full moon. The high tide produced by Sun adds to the high tide produced by the Moon.