The Relationship Between Health and Stress
The present study aimed to empirically examine the perceived stress and mental health scores of Psychology students at the University of. A substantial amount of research has been done to prove the correlation between stress and physical illness. This research proves that stress. Psychologist and other health professionals have argued the relationship between stress and illness and there is conclusive evidence to support these.
Stress becomes negative when a person faces continuous challenges without relief or relaxation between stressors. As a result, the person becomes overworked, and stress-related tension builds.
The body's autonomic nervous system has a built-in stress response that causes physiological changes to allow the body to combat stressful situations. This stress response, also known as the "fight or flight response", is activated in case of an emergency.
However, this response can become chronically activated during prolonged periods of stress. Prolonged activation of the stress response causes wear and tear on the body — both physical and emotional. Stress that continues without relief can lead to a condition called distress — a negative stress reaction.
Distress can disturb the body's internal balance or equilibrium, leading to physical symptoms such as headachesan upset stomachelevated blood pressurechest painsexual dysfunctionand problems sleeping. Emotional problems can also result from distress. These problems include depressionpanic attacksor other forms of anxiety and worry.
Research suggests that stress also can bring on or worsen certain symptoms or diseases. Stress is linked to 6 of the leading causes of death: Stress also becomes harmful when people engage in the compulsive use of substances or behaviors to try to relieve their stress.
These substances or behaviors include food, alcohol, tobacco, drugs, gambling, sex, shopping, and the Internet. The results of this supported the hypothesis that stress, anxiety, depression, and physical illness are interrelated.
Weidner, Kohlman, Dolzauer, and Burns examined the health behaviors of college students during times of high stress, for example, midterm week. The researchers observed that the health behaviors of the students deteriorated. The students exercised less, ate fewer nutritious food, and made less of an effort to avoid substances such as drugs and alcohol. There is an interdisciplinary science known as psychoneuroimmunology devoted specifically to the affects of psychological stress on the immune system.
In this field it is a common assumption that stress suppresses the immune system thus causing vulnerability to stress. In a study by Evans, Clow, and Hucklebridge a contradiction to this assumption was observed. Immediately after the introduction of a stressor, participants actually showed signs of enhanced immunity.
Overall, however, the immune systems of the participants exhibited decreased immunity. In general, experiments done in the past have supported a few basic premises. Environmental stressors are linked to stress.
Health can be affected by stressful life events. Severity of chronic illness is linked to stress. Also stress has a negative effect on the immune system. Our research group conducted a study similar to that of Holmes and Rahe Reference.
Our purpose was to find a relationship between the amount of stressful life events experienced by college students and their general health. Based on previous work done in this area, we reasoned that as the number of stressors in one's life increased, the health of that individual would decrease. Method Sample We conducted a correlational study in which we attempted to determine whether, and to what extent, different variables stress and health are related to each other.
Careful observations of each variable were made what does it mean?7 Relationship between stress and health
The design included a single group. Twenty-five undergraduate college students participated in the study.
Explain the Relationship Between Stress and Illness
These participants were average male and female college students. They were selected since college students experience a significant amount of stress caused by academics, social life, and a variety of other stressors Proof?
They were randomly recruited by members of the research group. The participants were representative of the population only 25 students? The ethical treatment and anonymity of each participant was ensured. Each participant was presented with an informed consent contract.
In this contract, the participant was briefly informed about what will take place in the experiment. They were notified that their participation was to be strictly voluntary, and that they may have withdrawn from the experiment at any time without prejudice or penalty.
STRESS AND HEALTH: Psychological, Behavioral, and Biological Determinants
The contract guaranteed that the participants' responses would remain anonymous. Finally, the contract was signed by the participant and returned to the experimenter. The Questionnaires The apparatus consisted of two measures in this experiment.
The events listed include many stressors such as death of a close family member, divorce between parents, and change of major. The students were asked to indicate age and gender. They were then asked to rate the extent to which they experienced various health problems during the past year, from no problem 0 to significant problem 3 is this your Health Inventory? If yes this is a very weak measure of health problem if not why did you ask this question? The procedure was executed by distributing the questionnaires.
Each member of the research group gave out the questionnaires to five different students. After the consent form was signed and the measures completed, they were analyzed. The results were thoroughly examined and explained. The median, which is a measure of central tendency, was The standard deviation from the mean score was 9. The minimum score was 1. The mean score on the Student Life Events Scale was The standard deviation from the mean was The minimum score was The correlation coefficient Pearson, Spearman, phi,?
This positive variable indicates that as stress increases, health increases Wrong Conclusion, illness increases not health. However, the farther the distance of the coefficient from 0. We predicted a strong relationship between these two variables, but only a slight one was observed.
What Is Stress? Symptoms, Signs & More | Cleveland Clinic
Yet, it can support some of the previous research demonstrating a relationship between health and stress since there was positive correlation. It did not altogether fail to show a relationship, and does not coincide with past research designed to challenge the correlation.
First Justification Reliability is the extent to which any measuring device, such as a psychological test, yields the same result each time it is applied to the same quantity. We did not test for this consistency since each questionnaire was administered to each participant only once.