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Collegiate wrestling is practiced at the college and university level in the United States. . who were well known for their wrestling techniques were several U.S. Presidents. In , the first intercollegiate dual meet took place between Yale . their rankings, not only for individual student-wrestlers, but also for college. Mike Dixon enters his 13th season with the Monarch wrestling program as earn an 8th place finish and All-American status at the NCAA Championships. Distinguished Scholar Athlete and Austin Coburn earned a MAC Presidential Award. The squad was ranked 16th in the country in the final dual meet rankings. Watch the latest wrestling matches, find wrestling rankings or read the latest wrestling news. Perry Tournament of Champions . 11/26/ A light week on the college wrestling schedule led to subtle shifts in the Top 10 of the . Iowa State's coaching staff, all former Iowa wrestlers, will return to Carver for Cy-Hawk dual.
Generally, rather than lifting the opponent or throwing him for grand amplitude in order to win the period as in the international styles, the collegiate wrestler most often seeks to take his opponent down to the mat and perform a "breakdown" that is, to get his opponent in the defensive position flat on his stomach or side. With the opponent off of his base of support that is, off of his hands and kneesthe collegiate wrestler in the offensive position would then seek to run pinning combinations, or combinations of techniques designed to secure a fall.
Failing to gain a fall could still result in an advantage in riding time and potential nearfall points. The defensive wrestler could counter such attempts for a takedown, or when once taken down try to escape his opponent's control or reverse control altogether.
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In a last-ditch attempt to foil a fall, the defensive wrestler could also "bridge" out of his opponent's control that is, pry his head, his back, and both of his feet up from the mat and then turn toward his stomach.
Overall, a collegiate wrestler in his techniques would most likely emphasize physical control and dominance over the opponent on the mat. History of collegiate wrestling American wrestling in the early colonial era[ edit ] There were already wrestling styles among Native Americans varying from tribe and nation by the 15th and 16th centuries, when the first Europeans settled.
The English and French who settled on the North American continent sought out wrestling as a popular pastime. Soon, there were local champions in every settlement, with contests between them on a regional level. The colonists in what would become the United States started out with something more akin to Greco-Roman wrestling, but soon found that style too restrictive in favor of a style which a greater allowance of holds.
From this position, wrestlers sought to achieve a fall. If no fall occurred, the wrestlers would continue grappling both standing on their feet and on the ground until a fall was made. Irish immigrants later brought this style to the United States where it soon became widespread.
There was also what became known as "catch-as-catch-can" wrestling, which had a particular following in Great Britain and the variant developed in Lancashire had a particular effect on future freestyle wrestling in particular.
Since "catch-as-catch-can" wrestling was very similar, it gained great popularity in fairs and festivals in the United States during the 19th century. After the Civil Warfreestyle wrestling began to emerge as a distinct sport, and soon spread rapidly in the United States. Professional wrestling also emerged in the late 19th century not like the "sports-entertainment" seen today.
College and high school wrestling grew especially after the standardization of the NCAA wrestling rules, which applied early on to both collegiate and scholastic wrestling with high school modifications.
More colleges, universities, and junior colleges began offering dual meets and tournaments, including championships and having organized wrestling seasons. There were breaks in wrestling seasons because of World War I and World War IIbut in the high schools especially, state association wrestling championships sprung up in different regions throughout the s and s. As amateur wrestling grew after World War II, various collegiate athletic conferences also increased the number and quality of their wrestling competition, with more wrestlers making the progression of wrestling in high school, being recruited by college coaches, and then entering collegiate competition.
For most of the 20th century, collegiate wrestling was the most popular form of amateur wrestling in the country, especially in the Midwest and the Southwest. The USWF, with its membership of coaches, educators, and officials, became recognized eventually as the official governing body of American wrestling and as the official representative to the United States Olympic Committeein place of the Amateur Athletic Union. The NCAA awards individual championships in the 10 weight classes, as well as a team title.
The NCAA generally sets the standard for weight classes for college-level dual meets, multiple duals, and tournaments.
The weight assessed is then his minimum weight class. The athletics medical staff member and the head coach then review all of the assessed weights of the wrestling team members and certify them online at the website of the National Wrestling Coaches Association NWCA.
After the certification, the wrestler may not compete below that weight class and may only compete at one weight class higher than his minimum weight.
If a wrestler does gain weight over his certified weight class and wrestles at two weight classes above it, he forfeits his previous lowest weight class for the one weight class below where he wrestled. If a contestant wishes to weigh-in and wrestle at only one weight class above his certified weight class and later return to his lowest certified weight class, he may do so. However, the wrestler may only return to that certified weight class according to the weight-loss plan of the National Wrestling Coaches Association.
This weight loss plan takes into account potential dehydration during the wrestling season and minimum amounts of body fat. All of this has been done in order to protect the wrestler's health and safety. Regular season competition begins in late October or early November and continues until February. Post-season competition usually continues from February to March depending on, if individual wrestlers or teams qualify for a conference, regional, or national championship.
Normally, wrestling teams from two different colleges or universities would compete in what is known as a dual meet. It is possible for there also to be a multiple dual, where more than two wrestling teams compete against each other at the same event on the same day. For example, one college wrestling team may face another wrestling team for the first dual, and then a third wrestling team for the second dual.
Also, those two wrestling teams may compete against each other in a dual meet as well. Colleges and universities often compete within their particular athletic conference; though competition outside a team's conference or even outside its division within the NCAA is not uncommon. Dual meets[ edit ] Dual meets usually take place on evenings during the school week Monday through Friday ; on Saturday mornings, afternoons, or evenings; or even on Sunday mornings or afternoons during the wrestling season and begin with weigh-ins at a maximum of one hour before the meet begins.
No weight allowances are made for dual meets and multiple-day dual meets. Wrestlers are also examined by a physician or a certified athletic trainer for any communicable skin diseases. If a student-wrestler does not make weight, he is ineligible for that weight class and a forfeit is scored. If there are any communicable skin diseases, it is a ground for disqualification.
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The wrestler's coach or athletic trainer can provide written documentation from a physician that a skin infection of a wrestler would not be communicable. The final judgement for whether a wrestler would be allowed to compete lies with the meet physician or athletic trainer on site.
One of the visiting captains will call a disk toss. The colored disk will then fall to the floor and determine: The wrestler-captain who won the disk toss may choose the even or odd weight classes. That is, he may choose the weight classes, from lowest to highest, that are numbered evenly or oddly. There can also be junior varsity matches, such as in Iowawhich are rare, that would take place immediately before the varsity matches.
Also, before both varsity and junior varsity competition, there can also be an exhibition match in one or more weight classes. The exhibition matches do not count towards the varsity or junior varsity team score, but such matches allow wrestlers, especially at the freshmen level, to gain more competitive experience.
Wrestling matches usually proceed in each of the 10 weight classes. The order the matches occur in is determined after the weigh-ins either by a mutual decision of the coaches or by a random draw choosing a particular weight class to be featured first.
In either case, the succeeding wrestling matches will follow in sequence. Often, many colleges and universities in the United States will compete with their teams in what is known as a tournament. This allows many schools to establish their rankings, not only for individual student-wrestlers, but also for college and university wrestling teams as a whole e.
A tournament committee usually administers the event and after individual and team entries have been verified, the officials then determine the order of the matches called "drawing" by certain brackets e.
The tournament officials when doing this drawing take into account each wrestler's win-loss record, previous tournament placements, and other factors that indicate the wrestler's ability. With that in mind, wrestlers who are noticed as having the most superior records are bracketed so that two top-ranked superior wrestlers in each weight class do not compete against each other in an early round. This is called seeding. Tournaments are often sponsored by a college or university and are usually held on Friday, Saturday, Sunday, or over any of two days within the weekend.
Admission is often charged to cover costs and make a small profit for the host. A tournament begins with weigh-ins starting two hours or less before competition begins on the first day or one hour or less before competitions begins on any subsequent day. An allowance of one pound is granted for each subsequent day of the tournament. If there are not enough wrestlers to fill up the bracket in a weight class, a bye will be awarded to a wrestler who does not have to compete against another wrestler in his pairing.
After taking account the number of byes, the first round in each weight class then begins. Most college wrestling tournaments are in double elimination format. The last two wrestlers in the upper championship bracket wrestle for first place in the finals, with the loser winning second place.
In other words, a wrestler cannot place higher than third if he is knocked down to the lower wrestle-back bracket by losing in the championship semi-finals. This is largely the result of time constraints: He was named associate head coach inafter serving as an assistant coach from and as a volunteer assistant for the campaign. With head coach Steve Martin, Dixon has helped put Old Dominion on the map nationally over the last 12 seasons. As a team, the Monarchs reeled in their third-straight top finish at NCAAs and captured their th program win with a thrilling criteria victory over Northern Illinois on Feb.
Chris Mecate and Alexander Richardson each earned All-American honors, marking the first time since that two ODU wrestlers have achieved that feat in the same season.
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ODU finished in 22nd place at the national tournament and closed out the season ranked No. Dixon helped propel the Monarchs to a regular season conference championship inas the squad went in CAA dual meet action. In November, Dixon and the Monarchs defeated the No.
The following week, the Monarchs toppled the eight-time team national champions in Iowa State in Ames, Iowa in front of over 2, fans. Dixon and the Monarchs had three national qualifiers in with James Nicholson earning All-American honors.
Dixon led a young upper-weight group that improved throughout the year, as Tristan Warner earned freshman All-CAA honors.