Hillman Avenger - Wikipedia
The Hillman Avenger is a rear-wheel drive small family car originally manufactured by the . The later Plymouth Arrow was similarly sold as a Dodge Arrow. Named to evoke memories of the Sunbeam Tiger, the Avenger Tiger concept began in production alongside the hatchback-only Horizon to meet the demand which. Find 1 Dodge Mini Ram Van as low as $ on catchsomeair.us®. Shop millions of cars from over dealers and find the perfect car. Dodge Mini Ram Van: See user reviews, photos and great deals for Dodge Mini Ram Van.
Unlike any previous Rootes design, there were no " badge-engineered " Humber or Singer versions in the UK market. The Avenger was immediately highly praised by the press for its good handling characteristics and generally good overall competence on the road and it was considered a significantly better car to drive than contemporaries like the Morris Marina. The DL and Super could be had with either the or cc engines, but the GL was only available with the cc engine.
Since the DL was the basic model in the range, it featured little more than rubber mats and a very simple dashboard with a strip-style speedometer.
The Super was a bit better equipped, featuring carpets, armrests, twin horns and reversing lights, though the dashboard was carried over from the DL. The top-spec GL model featured four round headlights which was a big improvement over the rectangular ones from the Hillman Hunter that were used on the DL and Superinternal bonnet release, two-speed wipers, brushed nylon seat trim previously never used on British carsreclining front seats, and a round-dial dashboard with extra instrumentation.
Not only was the Avenger's styling totally new, but so were the engine and transmission units, which were not at all like those used in the larger "Arrow" series Hunter.
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Chrysler was attempting to make the Avenger to be a "world car", and took the ambitious step of marketing the Avenger as the Plymouth Cricket in the U. Complaints of rust, unreliability, plus the general unpopularity of smaller cars on the American market, saw it withdrawn from that market after only two years. The GT featured twin round headlights, go-faster stripes along the sides of the doors and "dustbin lid" wheel covers, which were similar to those found on the various Datsuns and Toyotas of the s.
The basic fleet Avenger was added to the range in February The fleet Avenger was very basic: The absence of wrap-around turn indicators on the front corners identifies this as a pre-facelift Avenger.
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The two-door saloon models were added in Marchwith all engine and trim options of the existing four-door range. The car was extensively marketed in continental Europe, first as a Sunbeam. It was without the Avenger name in France, where it was known as the Sunbeam and ; later the and Some northern European markets received the car as the Sunbeam Avenger. Both engine sizes were upgraded in October The became thewhile the became the with nearly all the same previous trim levels except for the basic fleet Avenger, which was discontinued at this point.
The GL and GT trim levels were now also offered with the engine and two-door saloon body. Plymouth Cricket for North America[ edit ] Plymouth Cricket, winner of the Press-on-Regardless Rally In North America, a rebadged variant of the Avenger was marketed as the Plymouth Cricket through Plymouth dealers as a captive import in 4-door saloon and 5-door estate variants.
The first shipment of Crickets from the UK arrived in the U. The cc engine was offered on the Plymouth Cricket. The Cricket was discontinued midway through the model year, despite a sharp increase in demand for small cars brought on by the gas crisis of and despite the success of the similarly-sized Dodge Coltbuilt by Mitsubishi Motors.
The Cricket nameplate continued when Chrysler Canada replaced the British-built Cricket with a rebadged Dodge Colt in mid model year. For the model year, the Plymouth Cricket was rebadged as the Plymouth Colt.
The later Plymouth Arrow was similarly sold as a Dodge Arrow. The last British-built Crickets were exported to the U.
This was because U. Modifications included the GT engine with an improved cylinder head with enlarged valves, twin Weber carburetors and a compression ratio of 9. The engine now developed The suspension was also uprated, whilst brakes, rear axle, and gearbox are directly from the GT.
A distinctive yellow colour scheme "Sundance" with a bonnet bulge, rear spoiler and side stripes was standard, set off with "Avenger Tiger" lettering on the rear quarters. These figures beat the rival Ford Escort Mexicobut fuel consumption was heavy. Even inthe Tiger developed a reputation for its thirst.
All Avenger Tigers were assembled by the Chrysler Competitions Centre and production figures are vague but around of the initial Mark 1 seems likely. In OctoberChrysler unveiled the more "productionised" Mark 2 Tiger. The Avenger GL bodyshell with four round headlights was used. Mechanically identical to the earlier cars, the bonnet bulge was lost although the bonnet turned matt black, and there were changes to wheels and seats.
Production was around Red "Wardance" was now available as well as yellow "Sundance"both with black detailing. It also gained a comprehensive facelift which included a new frontal treatment and a new dashboard.
Both treatments looked similar to those of the Chrysler Alpine. The greatest change was at the rear where, on the saloons, the distinctive "hockey-stick" rear lamp clusters were dropped in favour of a straight "light-bar" arrangement. The top of the former "hockey-sticks" had metal plates in their place, whilst the fuel cap was moved from the rear to the right hand side of the car. From the beginning of production inthe Avenger's bodyshell components had been manufactured at Linwoodand then transported south to Ryton on the component trains used to move materials for the Hillman Imp north to Linwood.
Following the Imp's discontinuation inthe Avenger production line was moved from Ryton to Linwood where it was produced until the end of its UK production life. Production continued until the middle ofwhen PSA closed the Linwood production plant and concentrated all British production at the Ryton plant. Chrysler retained ownership of the "Avenger" trademark, subsequently used on the Dodge Avenger — During the s, Dodge did sell a small cargo van adapted for passenger use, called the Dodge A which was discontinued in and replaced by the larger, fullsized Dodge B-series van in Interior trim, controls, and instrumentation were borrowed from the Chrysler K platform, and coupled with the lower floor enabled by the front-wheel-drive, the Caravan featured car-like ease of entry.
There were three trim levels: Base vans came equipped for five passengers in two rows of seating. The LE came with seven passengers standard in three rows of seating. The base van had two bucket seats with attached armrests and open floor space between them in the front, a three-person bench seat in the second row. The seven-passenger came with two bucket seats with attached armrests and open floor space between them in the front, a two-person bench seat in the second row, and a three-person bench seat in the back row.
The two bench seats in the rear were independently removable, and the large three-person bench could also be installed in the second row location via a second set of attachment points on the van's floor, ordinarily hidden with snap-in plastic covers. This configuration allowed for conventional five person seating with a sizable cargo area in the rear. The latching mechanisms for the benches were easy to operate though removing and replacing the seats typically required two adults.
This configuration was subsequently dropped. Base model curb weight 2, lbs.
Safety features consisted of 3-point seat belts for the front two passengers, with simple lap belts for the rear five. Seats on base models and cloth-trimmed SEs had no headrests, which were not mandated due to the van's "light truck" legal status. However, the two front seats were equipped with non-adjustable headrests on the LE model and in conjunction with vinyl upholstery on the SE.
Side-impact reinforcements were mandated, and were at all seating positions front and rear. Neither airbags nor anti-lock braking systems were available. Access to the rear rows of seating was by a large passenger-side sliding door enabling easy access in confined situations, e. Because only one sliding door was offered, the smaller 2nd row bench seat was shifted to the driver's side of the van, facilitating passenger access to the 3rd row seat.
The seat back of the rear bench could also be folded forward, providing a flat cargo shelf. The smaller 2nd row bench was not adjustable, nor foldable; it could only be removed entirely.