The Life of George Washington - Online Library of Liberty
May 22, Meet George! The Biography of George Washington. ahallett1. Public book. previews 8 likes. 14 pages. CREATE YOUR BOOK for. FREE. George Washington grew up in the English colony of Virginia. He was tall Get news about Children's books, authors, and more. Also get Meet Robert E Lee. George Washington's life from boyhood to presidency in a large, boldface type perfect for third graders., Joan Heilbroner.
Anxious to be engaged in active service, he obtained permission, about the beginning of April, to advance with two companies to the Great Meadows, in the Alleghany Mountains. Though open hostilities had not yet commenced, the country was considered as invaded; and several circumstances were related, confirming the opinion that this party was approaching with hostile views. Confident of this, Lieutenant-Colonel Washington resolved to anticipate them. Proceeding under the guidance of Indians, through a dark and rainy night, to the French encampment, he completelyMay 27, surrounded it; and, at daybreak, his troops fired and rushed upon the party, which immediately surrendered.
Meet George Washington by Joan Heilbroner | catchsomeair.us: Books
One man only escaped capture; and Monsieur Jumonville alone, the commanding officer, was killed. While the regiment was on its march to join the detachment advanced in front, the command devolved on Lieutenant-Colonel Washington by the death of Colonel Fry. Soon after its arrival, it was reinforced by two independent companies of regulars. Among those who brought this information was a trusty chief, only two days from the post on the Ohio, who had observed the arrival of a considerable reinforcement at that place, and had heard them express the intention of marching immediately to attack the English, with a corps composed of eight hundred French and four hundred Indians.
The ground occupied by Colonel Washington was not adapted to military purposes. A road leading through other defiles in the mountains, would enable the French to pass into his rear, intercept his supplies, and starve him into a surrender, or fight him with a superiority of three to one.
In this hazardous situation, a council of war unanimously advised a retreat to the fort at the Great Meadows, now termed fort Necessity; where Edition: At that place he intended to await the arrival of reinforcements. In pursuance of this advice, Colonel Washington returned to fort Necessity, and began a ditch around the stockade. Before it was completed, the French and Indians, computed at fifteen hundred men, commanded by Monsieur de Villier, appeared before theJuly 3, fort, and commenced a furious attack upon it.
They were received with great intrepidity by the Americans, who fought partly within the stockade, and partly in the surrounding ditch, which was nearly filled with mud and water. Colonel Washington continued the whole day on the outside of the fort, encouraging the soldiers by his countenance and example.
The assailants fought under cover of the trees and high grass with which the country abounds. The action continued from ten in the morning until dark, when Monsieur de Villier demanded a parley, and offered terms of capitulation. These were rejected, but, in the course of the night, articles were signed, by which the fort was surrendered on condition that the garrison should be allowed the honors of war—should be permitted to retain their arms and baggage, and be suffered to march unmolested into the inhabited parts of Virginia.
The loss of the Americans in this affair is not ascertained. The loss sustained by the two independent companies was not reported. That of the assailants was supposed to be more considerable. Great credit was given to Colonel Washington by his countrymen, for the courage displayed in this engagement. The legislature evinced its satisfaction with the conduct of the whole party, by passing a vote of thanks to him and the officers under his command; and by giving three hundred pistoles to be distributed among the soldiers engaged in the action.
The regiment returned to Winchester to be recruited; 5 soon after which it was joined by a few companies from North Carolina and Maryland. With as little consideration, directions had been given for the immediate completion of the regiment, without furnishing a shilling for the recruiting service—Colonel Washington remonstrated against these orders, but prepared to execute them. The assembly however, having risen without making any provision for the farther prosecution of the war, this wild expedition was abandoned, and the Virginia regiment was reduced to independent companies.
His eldest brother had lately died and left him Mount Vernon,—a considerable estate on the Potomac. This resolution was not long maintained. General Braddock, 8 being informed of his merit, and his knowledge of the country which was to become the theatre of action, gratified his desire to make one campaign under an officer supposed to possess some knowledge of war, by inviting him to enter his family as a volunteer aid-de-camp. The army was detained at that place until the 12th of June, by the difficulty of procuring wagons, horses, and provisions.
Colonel Washington, impatient under these delays, suggested the propriety of using pack-horses instead of wagons: In support of this advice, he stated that the French were then weak on the Ohio, but daily expected reinforcements. These could not arrive during the drought existing at that time, because the river Le Boeuf, on which their supplies must be brought to Virginia, was too low for the purpose.
A rapid movement might enable him to carry the place before the arrival of the expected aid. But should the army remain united, the delays attending its march were such, that rain sufficient to raise the waters might be expected, and the whole force of the French might be collected for their reception;—a circumstance which would render the success of the expedition doubtful.
This advice according with the temper of the commander-in-chief, it Edition: Colonel Dunbar was to remain with the residue of the regular troops and all the heavy baggage. Colonel Washington was obliged to stop at the Great Crossings of the Yohogany—the physician having declared that his life would be endangered by continuing with the army. July 8, The day before the action of the Monongahela, he joined the General in a covered wagon; and, though weak, entered on the duties of his station.
Meet George Washington by Patricia A. Pingry | Scholastic
In a short time after the action had commenced, Colonel Washington was the only aid remaining alive and unwounded. The whole duty of carrying the orders of the commander-in-chief, in an engagement with marksmen who selected officers, especially those on horseback, devolved on him. Two horses were killed under him, and four balls passed through his coat. To the astonishment of all he escaped unhurt, while every other officer on horseback was killed or wounded.
His duty and situation exposed him to every danger.
Meet George Washington
Nothing but the superintending care of Providence could have saved him from the fate of all around him. Every effort to rally them was ineffectual until they had crossed the Monongahela. The General was brought off in a tumbril, 11 by Colonel Washington, Captain Stewart of the guards, and his servant. The defeated detachment retreated to the rear division of the army, where General Braddock expired.
The military stores not necessary for immediate use were destroyed, and Colonel Dunbar marched the remaining European troops to Philadelphia. Captain Peronny and all his officers, down to a corporal, were killed. Captain Poulson had almost as hard a fate, for only one of his escaped. His conduct in this battle had been universally extolled, and the common opinion of his countrymen was, that, had his advice been pursued, the disaster had been avoided.
The Assembly, which was in session when intelligence of this defeat and of the abandonment of the province by Colonel Dunbar was received, immediately determined to raise a regiment for theAug.
The uncommon privilege of naming his field officers was added to this honorable manifestation of public confidence. After making the necessary arrangements for the recruiting service, and visiting the posts on the frontier, he set out for the seat of government; but was overtaken by an express carrying the intelligence that a large number of French and Indians, divided into several parties, had broken up the frontier settlements; were murdering and capturing men, women, and children; burning their houses, and destroying their crops.
The troops stationed among them for their protection were unequal to that duty, and instead of affording aid to the inhabitants, were blocked up in their forts. Colonel Washington hastened back to Winchester, but his efforts to raise the militia 12 were unavailing. Instead of assembling in arms and obtaining safety by meeting their invaders, the inhabitants fled into the lower country, and increased the general terror. He endeavored to collect and arm the men who had abandoned their houses, and to remove their wives and children from this scene of desolation and carnage.
Pressing orders were despatched to the newly appointed officers to forward their recruits, and to the county Edition: However, this is still a good book and great for Revolutionary War units.
Grades George vs. The American Revolution as Seen from Both Sides This wonderfully illustrated and well written title presents "…an uncommonly balanced view of the American Revolution for younger readers…should be required reading for all young students of American history.
Grades George Washington: This book provides lots of well-written, age appropriate background on Washington's life timelines, anecdotes, maps, details on his many accomplishments PLUS tons of projects to make, like: Designed with an authentic 's look, this well-documented title will be a hit with students!
Then ask them to cite events in the lives of each of these Americans that indicates their leadership qualities. Discuss at what age these men demonstrated their leadership abilities. Martin Luther King, Jr. Why did he feel that he could better help people if he became a minister? Courage Ask students to define courage. Washington, Lincoln, and King each faced defeat in their lifetime, but they never gave up.
Discuss the courage it took for each man to continue his dream. Based on the information in these biographies, which man do you think fought the most courageous battle? How did it take courage for Martin Luther King, Jr.George Washington 4 story for Kids: Biography - meeting with the American President
Bravery Discuss the meaning of bravery. How does bravery relate to courage? How does it take bravery to be a leader? Divide the class into three groups and assign each group one of these famous Americans to discuss. Ask them to talk about the many ways each of these men showed bravery.