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Find the perfect Douglas Mawson stock photos and editorial news pictures from A group of Australians led by Mr Dick Smith met in Antarctica yesterday to . Douglas Mawson was born in Shipley, Yorkshire, and moved with his family to established in , and his image has appeared on postage stamps and, from. Sir Douglas Mawson OBE FRS FAA (5 May – 14 October ) was an Australian . Their meat was stringy, tough and without a vestige of fat. .. Images of Mawson Expedition –14 held at Pictures Branch, National Library of.
Biological species on land and sea, never before encountered by man, were described for the first time. The 22 volumes of scientific reports produced included meteorological data from all three bases, and geomagnetic field records collected over 18 months at Commonwealth Bay. Philanthropist Macpherson Robertson donated 10 pounds to the expedition, a huge sum in In appreciation, Mawson named MacRobertson Land after the entrepreneurial owner of the Melbourne confectionery company.
Crucial work was successfully completed on voyages along much of the Antarctic coastline, and sub-Antarctic Iles Crozet, Iles Kerguelen, and Heard Island.
Scientific advances were made in oceanography and biology, with results published in thirteen volumes. Awards and honours On his return to Australia inMawson achieved public acclaim for his achievements, and received a knighthood. Mawson's account of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, Home of the Blizzardwas published in Mawson also received great recognition in the scientific community. He was made a fellow of the Royal Society of London ina foundation fellow of the Australian Academy of Science, and president of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science from to In later years, as a long serving member of the Australian Antarctic Executive Planning Committee, Mawson continued to support the Australia's Antarctic research programs.
They had one week's provisions for two men and no dog food but plenty of fuel and a primus. They sledged for 27 hours continuously to obtain a spare tent cover they had left behind, for which they improvised a frame from skis and a theodolite.
Their lack of provisions forced them to use their remaining sled dogs to feed the other dogs and themselves: Their meat was stringy, tough and without a vestige of fat. For a change we sometimes chopped it up finely, mixed it with a little pemmicanand brought all to the boil in a large pot of water. We were exceedingly hungry, but there was nothing to satisfy our appetites.
Only a few ounces were used of the stock of ordinary food, to which was added a portion of dog's meat, never large, for each animal yielded so very little, and the major part was fed to the surviving dogs.
They crunched the bones and ate the skin, until nothing remained. Both men suffered dizziness ; nausea ; abdominal pain ; irrationality ; mucosal fissuring; skin, hair, and nail loss; and the yellowing of eyes and skin.
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Later Mawson noticed a dramatic change in his travelling companion. Mertz seemed to lose the will to move and wished only to remain in his sleeping bag. He began to deteriorate rapidly with diarrhoea and madness. On one occasion Mertz refused to believe he was suffering from frostbite and bit off the tip of his own little finger. This was soon followed by violent raging—Mawson had to sit on his companion's chest and hold down his arms to prevent him from damaging their tent.
Mertz suffered further seizures before falling into a coma and dying on 8 January It was also not known that such levels of vitamin A could cause liver damage to humans. However, Mertz may have suffered more because he found the tough muscle tissue difficult to eat and therefore ate more of the liver than Mawson. Mawson continued the final miles alone. During his return trip to the Main Base he fell through the lid of a crevasse, and was saved only by his sledge wedging itself into the ice above him.
He managed to climb out using the harness attaching him to the sled. It was recalled by wireless communicationonly to have bad weather thwart the rescue effort. Mawson and six men who had remained behind to look for him wintered a second year until December In Mawson's book Home of the Blizzard, he describes his experiences.
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His party, and those at the Western Base, had explored large areas of the Antarctic coast, describing its geologybiology and meteorologyand more closely defining the location of the South Magnetic Pole. Home of the Blizzard[ edit ] In his book The Home of the Blizzard, Mawson talked of "Herculean gusts" on 24 May which he learned afterwards "approached two hundred miles per hour". They had two daughters, Patricia and Jessica. Also inhe was knighted, and was preoccupied with news of the Scott disaster until the outbreak of World War I.
Mawson served in the war as a major in the British Ministry of Munitions. Returning to the University of Adelaide inhe was promoted to the professorship of geology and mineralogy inand made a major contribution to Australian geology.
He organised and led the joint British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition in —31, which resulted in the formation of the Australian Antarctic Territory in