Continental Congress - HISTORY
When the Second Continental Congress came together on May 10, , it was, 56 delegates who attended the first meeting were in attendance at the second, Georgia had not participated in the First Continental Congress and did not. The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the spring of in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It succeeded the First Continental Congress, which met in Philadelphia Colonies were present when the Second Continental Congress convened. The First Continental Congress, which was comprised of delegates from the colonies, In , the Second Continental Congress convened after the had met with armed resistance on the morning of April 19, , when it.
Advocates of independence moved to have reluctant colonial governments revise instructions to their delegations, or even replace those governments which would not authorize independence.
On May 10,Congress passed a resolution recommending that any colony with a government that was not inclined toward independence should form one that was.
On May 15, they adopted a more radical preamble to this resolution, drafted by John Adamswhich advised throwing off oaths of allegiance and suppressing the authority of the Crown in any colonial government that still derived its authority from the Crown.
That same day, the Virginia Convention instructed its delegation in Philadelphia to propose a resolution that called for a declaration of independence, the formation of foreign alliances, and a confederation of the states. The resolution of independence was delayed for several weeks, as advocates of independence consolidated support in their home governments. He also urged Congress to resolve "to take the most effectual measures for forming foreign Alliances" and to prepare a plan of confederation for the newly independent states.
American leaders had rejected the divine right of kings in the New Worldbut recognized the necessity of proving their credibility in the Old World. The Declaration announced the states' entry into the international system; the model treaty was designed to establish amity and commerce with other states; and the Articles of Confederation established "a firm league" among the thirteen free and independent states.
Exacerbating the problem, Congress had no mechanism to collect taxes to pay for the war; instead, it relied on contributions from the states, which generally directed whatever revenue they raised toward their own needs. As a result, the paper money issued by Congress quickly came to be regarded as worthless. Drafted and adopted by the Congress in but not ratified untilit effectively established the U. Under the Articles, congressional decisions were made based on a state-by-state vote, and the Congress had little ability to enforce its decisions.
Second Continental Congress
The Articles of Confederation would prove incapable of governing the new nation in a time of peace, but they did not seriously undermine the war effort, both because the war was effectively winding down before the Articles took effect, and because Congress ceded many executive war powers to General Washington. The Revolutionary War was over and Congress had helped to see the country through. However, the Articles of Confederation proved an imperfect instrument for a nation at peace with the world.
The years immediately following the end of the Revolutionary War in presented the young American nation with a series of difficulties that Congress could not adequately remedy: A movement developed for constitutional reform, culminating in the Philadelphia Convention of The delegates at the convention decided to scrap the Articles of Confederation completely and create a new system of government.
Inthe new U. Constitution went into effect and the Continental Congress adjourned forever and was replaced by the U. Although the Continental Congress did not function well in a time of peace, it had helped steer the nation through one of its worst crises, declared its independence and helped to win a war to secure that independence.
Unlike the First Continental Congress, this time the colony of Georgia would join and all thirteen colonies were represented. Much had happened in the previous months since the end of the First Continental Congress including the start of the Revolutionary War with the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
The congress had some serious business to take care of immediately including forming an army to fight the British. Other new members included Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin.
The Second Continental Congress (article) | Khan Academy
This congress acted much more like a government sending ambassadors to foreign countries, printing its own money, getting loans, and raising an army. Major accomplishments of the Second Continental Congress: On June 14, they established the Continental Army.
They made George Washington General of the Army. On July 4, they issued the Declaration of Independence declaring the United States as an independent country from Britain.