Technology is the process by which humans modify nature to meet their needs and wants. . receive the human interaction and use the device's own sense ( according to the embedded .. radiation which is in the form of light rays. Computer. How Feelings Link the Brain, the Body, and the Sixth Sense Michael A. Jawer ways we might interact with that energy—shall attract our attention as we proceed . the author we met in chapter 1, is correct and humans possess a radiation. 1 SIXTH SENSE TECHNOLOGY Submitted By Renjith. It basically consists of an Infrared laser beam 12 interaction mechanism for . vision techniques require image sensors which detect electromagnetic radiation which . devices are able to provide information about the people when we meet them.
Across the wider population, approximately 4, individuals, including children and women, were diagnosed with thyroid cancer in the years following the accident Ron et al.
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Baverstock, ; Little et al. One of the greatest fears following the accident was of infertility and birth defects similar to those witnessed after Hiroshima and Nagasaki, when seemingly healthy women, who were pregnant at the time of the bombing, gave birth to children with deformities as a result of radiation exposure during the first and second trimester of pregnancy Todeschini, However, there is currently no evidence of an increase in infertility, or of birth defects amongst children born to mothers who were pregnant within the exclusion zone, during the Chernobyl accident Cardis et al.
The Chernobyl necklace: the psychosocial experiences of female radiation emergency survivors
However, the culture of secrecy within the Soviet Union at the time was ideal for the propagation of false rumour. These effects are life-limiting and have resulted in increased incidence of poverty, isolation, stigma, depression, anxiety and lifestyle-related health conditions across affected regions Bromet and Havenaar, ; Danzer and Danzer, The population subgroups that were most vulnerable to the psychosocial effects of the accident were evacuees, liquidators and women.
Whilst publically feted as heroes, who were awarded state pensions and medals, many liquidators suffered post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD and other mental health effects, as the severity and potential health impacts of the accident gradually came to light Kryzhanovskaya and Nakano, The social and mental health impacts upon the women of Chernobyl have been significantly greater across the spectrum of psychopathological diagnoses, which bears resemblance to the experiences of the women of Fukushima.
The Fukushima Daiichi accident began on 11th March due to cascading earthquake and tsunami hazards during the Great East Japan Earthquake, which was the strongest ever recorded in Japan. The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station was designed to withstand severe natural hazards.
However, the extremity of this event resulted in damage to Fukushima Daiichi, the meltdown of three of six reactors, and the subsequent explosion of the Unit 1 reactor on 12th March Holt, Campbell and Nikitin, Fukushima is therefore, arguably, a more complex, if less severe, accident than Chernobyl.
Japan is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, which has converging tectonic plate boundaries and a long social and cultural legacy of seismic hazard resilience Lay and Kanamori, This may be due, in part, to the challenge of accurately estimating atmospheric radiation following an accident but may also have a political component, as at the time of accident Japan was heavily reliant upon nuclear energy Hindmarsh, After the accident occurred, a number of employees chose to remain and manage the incident.
Therefore, there was very little that unknowing about the experiences of the Fukushima emergency management workers, in contrast to the experiences of the poorly informed liquidators of Chernobyl. Fukushima Daiichi was the first time that public understanding of accidental radiation exposure was shaped by both traditional media sources and the information available on the internet.
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This meant that information about the accident travelled further, faster and by different pathways, due to non-traditional active citizen journalism methods including blogs, Facebook, YouTube and Twitter Friedman, The coverage of Fukushima is therefore more extensive than that of any other previous nuclear accident, and contrasts with the glasnost violations of Chernobyl.
Individuals who survived the bombings were stigmatised as impure and capable of transferring their radiation exposure to others via contagion or bodily contact Todeschini, Hiroshima and Nagasaki had a disproportionately larger population of women and children at the time, as many men were conscripted into wartime activity in the Pacific Stimson, The Shinto cultural attitude of female uncleanliness associated with menstruation was prevalent at the time of the bombings, and radiation exposure amplified and conflated existing contamination anxieties for both genders Todeschini, Unfortunately, these beliefs were amplified when survivors who were pregnant at the time of the bombings gave birth to children with congenital defects.
Consequently, women survivors were considered unfit to have children and remained unmarried; the maidens of Hiroshima Todeschini, The parallels become evident as the experiences of the women of Chernobyl and Fukushima are explored further. The Women of Chernobyl and Fukushima 9There is no such thing as an average radiation emergency and the experiences of female survivors are individually very diverse. However, there are a number of recurrent themes that arise regardless of the specific radiation emergency, which are associated with the processes of temporary or permanent evacuation, the disruption of home life, children and health.
Common awareness of the potentially permanent sterilising effects of radiation and the possibility of child birth defects, are significant to the wellbeing of women, following a radiation emergency. Although improved transparency and information availability has improved the female experience of radiation emergency, there is still a great deal of stigma and misunderstanding attached to the fate of women who have been accidentally exposed to radiation.
Approximately 3, women were conscripted for liquidation work within the exclusion zone following the accident Welner and Page, Typically, these women were tasked with cleaning, decontamination and environmental monitoring duties, for periods ranging from a couple of weeks to several years Kryzhanovskaya and Nakano, Women who were liquidators display both physical and psychosocial effects from their involvement of Chernobyl.
The social consequences for those who bear the Chernobyl necklace have not been studied, however, it is an interestingly feminised term that the women themselves use to describe their injuries. This could go some way to explain the increased incidence of PTSD amongst this group of women, the majority of whom did not have any mental health problems before the accident Kryzhanovskaya and Nakano, Some of the psychosomatic and psychological conditions that women evacuees have experienced include: Risk of poor mental health is particularly increased for women with children under the age 18, who have lived in exposed regions Havenaar et al.
Women within the exclusion zone were not sterilised by exposure to radiation. However, the possibility of foetal exposure caused anxiety to pregnant women, who sought abortions due to concerns about potentially mutagenic defects to the foetus.
There was, therefore, a large increase in abortions, delays in planned pregnancies, and a greater demand for prenatal screening following the accident Castronovo, The majority of the resettlers were women Petryna, These women were ignorant of the risks of radiation exposure and proceeded to grow vegetables in the contaminated soil of their gardens and to forage within the forests for mushrooms and berries upon their return home. Many of the resettlers had lived in their villages for their entire lives before the evacuation and felt that being within the familiar confines of home was more important than evading an invisible hazard, curated by a distant and potentially untrustworthy government.
Approximately resettlers remain within the exclusion zone, the majority of which are elderly women who create a unique micro-society of independent and strong babusyas Petryna, Health effects to these women are poorly documented, due to their existence on the margins of Ukrainian society.
However, anecdotal evidence suggests that the babusyas of the exclusion zone are not suffering the consequences of their toxic homeland and have more fulfilling lives and better mental health than their evacuee contemporaries, so perhaps this is a victory of self-determinism over perceived risk Petryna, Despite historical experience of the consequences of stigmatisation, it appears that women are again being more affected by the consequences of the accident Ben-Ezra et al.
Interestingly, the same themes of pregnancy, family, home and mental health reappear when the impact of Fukushima Daiichi is considered.
However, the motives for these concerns are dissimilar to those of Chernobyl due to cultural and social differences.
However, Japan is well-equipped to manage mental health effectively and it is likely that the one of the long-term outcomes of Fukushima may be a less significant mental health burden due to good support networks and effective public health facilities that do not stigmatise mental health Ben-Ezra et al.
However, a general stigma exists towards the evacuees of Fukushima and more can be learnt through this about the social conditions that may have led to poor mental health amongst the mothers of Chernobyl. Evacuee mothers with children have been subject to the same stigma as their Chernobylite equivalents, as resident Japanese mothers have informed evacuees that they must not allow their children to interact with the local children, for fear of contamination Bromet, The system tracks the four significant fingers.
In this case, he's wearing simple marker caps that you may recognize. But if you want a more stylish version, you could also paint your nails in different colors.
And the camera basically tracks these four fingers and recognizes any gestures that he's making so he can just go to, for example, a map of Long Beach, zoom in and out, etc.
The system also recognizes iconic gestures such as the "take a picture" gesture, and then takes a picture of whatever is in front of you. And when he then walks back to the Media Lab, he can just go up to any wall and project all the pictures that he's taken, sort through them and organize them, and re-size them, etc. So, some of you most likely were here two years ago and saw the demo by Jeff Han, or some of you may think, "Well, doesn't this look like the Microsoft Surface Table?
But the difference here is that you can use any surface, you can walk up to any surface, including your hand, if nothing else is available, and interact with this projected data. The device is completely portable, and can be — Applause Applause ends So, one important difference is that it's totally mobile.
Another even more important difference is that in mass production, this would not cost more tomorrow than today's cell phones and would actually not sort of be a bigger packaging — could look a lot more stylish than this version that I'm wearing around my neck. But other than letting some of you live out your fantasy of looking as cool as Tom Cruise in "Minority Report," the reason why we're really excited about this device is that it really can act as one of these sixth-sense devices that gives you relevant information about whatever is in front of you.
So we see Pranav here going into the supermarket and he's shopping for some paper towels. And, as he picks up a product, the system can recognize the product that he's picking up, using either image recognition or marker technology, and give him the green light or an orange light. He can ask for additional information.
So this particular choice here is a particularly good choice, given his personal criteria. Some of you may want the toilet paper with the most bleach in it rather than the most ecologically responsible choice.
Laughter If he picks up a book in the bookstore, he can get an Amazon rating — it gets projected right on the cover of the book.
This is Juan's book, our previous speaker, which gets a great rating, by the way, at Amazon. And so, Pranav turns the page of the book and can then see additional information about the book — reader comments, maybe sort of information by his favorite critic, etc. If he turns to a particular page, he finds an annotation by maybe an expert or a friend of ours that gives him a little bit of additional information about whatever is on that particular page.
Reading the newspaper — it never has to be outdated. Laughter You can get video annotations of the events that you're reading about.