AWWA Annual Conference and Exposition
Diseases or Conditions, Chapter 64D-3 F.A.C. Reporting test results by a laboratory does not been linked to recreational water exposures such as public swimming pools, .. the northeast, north central, and focal areas of the West Coast of the U.S.. blot was required to meet surveillance criteria for case confirmation. Completed Meets, All States. All, , , , , New scores . , Seasons Greetings Meet · West Virginia Gymnastics Training Center, WV . , November Meet · North Coast Gymnastics, WA , Chalk Up Invite · McCrackens Gymnastics and Swim, KS, Vision Swim team logo · Pacific Committee SC Championships · , Ryder Dodd · Seal Beach Swim Club team logo · CA Seal Beach "Carl W.
Initiall y, h owever, the appli ca tion of h ea t is rarely indica ted w hereas th e app lication of cold is a lways appropria te.
Swim Meet Results | Pacific Swimming Association
The majority of gymnastics injuri es-like those in virtuall y every other sport-occur a l the least opportune times. Ra ther than happening during meets when physician s, trainers, o r p aram edics are often present, the injuries occur during workouts-in better than nine out of ten instances.2018 Pacific Coast League Swimming Prelim
In many cases, the severity of the injury and the ultimate length of disability are determined by the initia l management a nd how rapidl y it is employed.
Thus it behooves the coach to be familiar with just w ha t con stitutes proper " initial trea tm ent" because in all likelihood h e or sh e will be the p erson who will h ave to carry it out.
The cornerstone of early injury management is ICEice, compress ion, and eleva tion. Although everyone in sports sh o uld be familiar with this co ncept it appears that in a t leas t o ne-third of the cases it is ignored.
Delay in in stitutin g the ICE maxim for as littl e as 24 h o urs ca n mean additiona l da ys and some tim es weeks -of time los t from worko uts. Establish an international developmental gymnastics program through and including elite level.
Maintain records on U. Desirable qualifications for this position are: A working knowledge of anatomy, physiology and kinesiology. Proven ability in dealing with elite and developmental level gymnasts and coaches. Proven ability to teach elite as well as developmental level gymnasts. Experience in organization and administration of a gymnastics program. Salary commensurate with experience and qualifications.
Please send letters of application to Roger L. J Deadline for receipt of applications is February 15, We h ad worked o ut a t the U ni versity of Vienna o n Friday but it was just a "ge tthe-kinks-o ut " sort of sessio n. At th e Stadth a ll e, the tra in in g equipm ent we sta rted o ut o n th e da y before the perfo rma nce included a po mmel h o rse with o ne square a nd o ne round p omm el, a se t of P.
We as ked fo r better equi p m ent a nd th e orga nizers a nd workers went o ut of their way to acco m moda te us. As i t was throug ho ut the tripit was never necessa ry to ge t u pse t a t o ur h os ts. T he leve ls of o rga nizatio n differed but we were a lways sure tha t th e Austria ns wish ed to accomm odate us.
O ur exp erience a t Linz was o ne of the most m em ora bl e I will ever h ave. T h e o rga nizatio n was magnifi cent. Th e facilities a nd eq ui pment were excellent.
Our o nl y comp la int could be di rected toward the fl oor whi ch was R euther the sa me a t every stop a nd tha t is o nl y because we are u sed to working fl oors wi th a littl e m ore softn ess. From the vice ma yo r to those w ho m oved m a ts for us th e p eople in Linz too k a p erson a l interes t in us a ll. Th e orga ni zers were with us a t every m eal a nd m ade grea t effo rts a t getting to kn ow a ll o f u s. In the two days we were there we were ma de to feel as th o ug h we were part of a very close fa mil y.
Our perform an ce refl ected the feelings w hich were genera ted h ere. It was fantas ti c! We had very cl ose to hitting a nd the level o f p erforma nce was very hig h. Th e a udien ce was the m os t kno wledgeable we had enco untered as evidenced by th eir appl a u se for excepti o na l virtuos ity a nd high level skills.
We were made to fee l we co uld do n o wrong. We arri ved in Voi tsberg o n Wedn esday evenin g around 7: We did ta ke a side trip up into the ski hill s by Bad Mittendorf but there was o nl y enou g h snow on the slo pes to slide dow n on our backs. Th ere was a re la ti ve ly sho rt recepti o n when we arri ved a nd a fterwa rds we went to th e g ym to look thin gs over. T ha t was a bo ut a ll we had energy for. Th e equipment was no t as good as in Linz but we were learning to ma ke adjustm ents we ll.
By this tim e the effects of the entire trip were p retty we ll ca tchin g u p with us. With the excep ti o n of a co u p le of h o urs of free time o n T uesday a fternoon pri or to th e Linz ex hibiti o nour time was fill ed with ea ting, tra in in g, sightseeing, sh o pping, socia lizing or travelling. I am sure everyo ne enj oyed a ll o f wha t we were do ing but it was exh a usting. We checked into our qua int h o tel with com munity ba th a nd W. T hursday vvas spent sh opping, res ting a nd ma king pl a ns fo r o ur fin a le.
By this ti me we were o ld ha nds a t show business and were we ever ge tting gea red up for th e Ken Allen, Men's Gymnastics Coach Wha t a to ta ll y differen t experi ence a n exhibiti o n to ur is! Neither good n or bad, bo th good a nd bad- versh ieden different! T he p ress ure of competiti o n is n o thing com p ared to bein g as ked to p ut toge ther som e com ed y gym n as tics with gym n as ts you barely kn ow.
And here you 've go t som e of the best gymnasts in th e country and yo u want to see h ow th ey are tra inin g a nd perh aps be of som e h elp to them but you 're tired m uch of the time and you 've go t to keep the atm osphere li g ht in the gym.
You work ou t to m a inta in a nd it 's difficul t for the gym nast to ta ke a lo t of coachin g o n a rigid sch edul e. But the gy mnasts respond well and th ey ta l k a bo u t h ow mu ch fun they are h avin g in sp ite of som e of th e in con veniences.
So you ge t the feeling th a t, a ltho u g h o ur gym nas ti cs is not experiencing a trem endo us u p lift, the experience as a who le is very posi tive a nd there may be som e intan gible rewards which will carry the gymnas ts o n to g rea ter h eig hts fo r som e tim e to come.
O vera llI believe the trip was very successful.
Los Angeles Swim Club
So m e o f us even bega n to learn to no t ge t so u pse t with o urselves w hen we d id n ' t perform so well a nd to even smil e when we felt a littl e hu rt in side.
I beli eve tha t, for the m os t pa rt, we were very p ositive ambassadors for America a nd America n gymnas ts. Throu g h o ut the tri p we endured the u sual ha ss les o f travel very well. Our acco mmodatio n s incl uded a modern Vien ese ho tel, a bea utiful dorm ito ry in Linz, a nd a typica l "sm a ll tow n in Austria" hotel in Voi ts berg near Graz.
We had th ree very accomm oda tin g you ng people agedwh o are them selves in volved in sp ort, ha uling us around Au stria in three Volkswagen va ns. T h e food was: Coaches, pl ease fo rgive u s?! There were a lso som e p o litica l ra mifica tions to our p resence. L as t year the Chinese perfo rmed a simil ar to ur. Nex t year the Russia n s are being as ked. Andin order to ma inta in an Eas t-Wes t bala nce, the J a pa nese are being co nsidered for th e fo ll owing year.
We performed to a crowd of in the Stadtha lle in Viennaa sta nding room o nl y crowd of a bo ut in Linz, a no ther sta ndin g room o nl y crowd of a bo ut 25 00 in Vo itsberg a nd were well received by the people everyw here. In Vienna, o ur performa n ce was part of a bi g sports show w hi ch included ro ll er ska tin g, ska teboardin g, rh ythm ic gy mn as tics, youn g p eoples' group performa nces, a mother-child gym nas ti cs p rogra m a nd some o ld tim e mass exercise routines.
Th e first h o ur o f the Sunday aftern oon sh ow was being telev ised li ve a nd fea tured o ur gy mnas ts o n the more exciting even ts. T he overa ll coor- Continued p. A poor or painful grip can make the difference between a good routine and a great performance. That's why the new European style Super Grip men's grip was developed. To give the serious competitor that extra edge. Triple layers of tough leather have been sewn, riveted, and glued to assure the performer of solid, dependable gripping power.
With the reduced chance of palm tears and falls, the gymnast is freed to concentrate on the finer points of his performance. The removable dowell affords that extra measure of staying power during difficult ring routines.
Allow three to six weeks for delivery. I No deliveries to P. COD orders at customer expense. As hard as the guys and girls tried Thursday night they had a difficult time with their normal gymnas tics routines. We decided to water down a bit in order to stay safe and put on a "clean" show. What we didn't succeed in doing gymnastically, we made up for in comedy.
Teams - California Sports Center
Then Mitch Gaylord and Sharon Shapiro team ed up in reverse roles. Mitch 's makeup job was great. Breck Grigas did a bar routine with great sty le and Rick Atkinson did a super uneven bars routine.
Kell y McCoy performed a set of giant swings on high bar and Lynn Lederer did a good imitation of a m en 's parallel bar set.
The p eople loved it and we had a great time doing it. Before our tour started, I had high hopes o f accomp li shing som ething gymnastica ll y during our training and exhibitions. R ealisticall y, it was difficult a t bes t to do more than maintain conditioning, provide hints for getting the most out of different equipment, and provide a few cues for genera l improvemen t of p erforman ce.
I suggested that we try to do some compulsory work but it was not possibl e to approach this in an organized fashion. Some gymnasts did do compulsory parts and sets on some eve nts and I did try to make some suggestions but it was very hit a nd miss.
Some of the adjustm ents we had to make included working the hard reuth er floors at a ll stops. I didn ' t observe any more difficulty on takeoffs than we might have on our own floor mats not spring floors but no one enjoyed the landings very well.
They were hard and had a tendency to make the gymnast come out of their somersau ltin g ski ll s a little ear ly in anticipation of the landing. In Viennawe were fortunate to be ab le to ask our hosts to place an ad ditional thin foam layer on top of th e reuther system.
It just happen ed to be lying aro und. The pommel horses were a lways covered with lea th er and with one slippery exception were good to work. Our gymnasts have to work with their legs further astride than they are used to in order to clear the diagonal legs. Rings was the weakest event for us throughout.
But even as closely related genomes e. This means that the effect of environmental selection might not be easily disentangled from genetic divergence due to geographic separation [ 26 ]. For example, in the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus, populations in the Atlantic contain genes responsible for efficient phosphorus acquisition that are absent from populations in the Pacific [ 27 ].
Hence these genes are part of the core genome of Atlantic populations but would be judged flexible genes if closely related isolates were compared from both ocean regions. We therefore believe that an important step forward will be to emphasize population-thinking in microbiology by assembling genomic datasets that represent clusters of close relatives co-occurring in the same environment — as only these will allow interpretation of how environmental selection acts on genomes from within the same population.
The challenge is then to develop an understanding of how genotypic clusters originate and are maintained, and whether they are selectively optimized to occupy sufficiently different niches to co-exist with other clusters.
Importantly, any such attempt needs to take into account the considerable genotypic diversity encountered in environmental populations, which often consist of genomes differing by a considerable fraction of their gene content and displaying large allelic diversity even if most of their genes suggest close relationships [ 26 ].
In this review, we begin by discussing the extent to which ecological and genetic units overlap, and under what circumstances genetic units can be used as a proxy for ecological units. What distinguishes reverse ecology from the broader field of ecological genomics is its focus on simultaneously predicting ecological and genetic units, rather than mapping ecological data onto pre-defined genetic units.
These predictions can then be tested using ecological metadata and experimental follow-up. Then we describe in detail two examples of reverse ecology applied to different closely related, sympatric, natural microbial populations. We synthesize conclusions from these examples, along with data from more distantly related genomic comparisons and evolutionary models, and propose a process of speciation that can operate under different regimes of selection and recombination Table 1.
Early stages of the speciation process are driven by either gene-specific or genome-wide selective sweeps as microbes adapt to new sympatric niches, with either high or low levels of recombination between niches, respectively.
At more advanced stages, if barriers to gene flow between niches emerge, distinct units of microbial diversity come into focus and can be potentially be recognized Box 2.
As we have reasoned previously, units can be defined operationally in cases where both genotypic and phenotypic variance is much greater between than within such units [ 28 ].
We wish to make a strong distinction between this process of speciation — which we define as any stage of the dynamic process of ecological and genetic differentiation — and the concept of species, which we are not attempting to address.
Speciation need not proceed to completion, and recognizable units of genotypic and ecological similarity will often contain abundant genetic and phenotypic diversity within them. We conclude by briefly highlighting the potential for reverse ecology to identify natural units of microbial diversity, and for genome-wide association studies GWAS to identify mutations and genes underlying ecologically relevant traits.
Box 1 How to perform a reverse ecology population genomic study The goal of the reverse ecology approach is to determine whether a sample of closely related, sympatric genome sequences constitute one or more genotypic units, and to test how these units might differ in their ecology either by mapping of these clusters onto environmental gradients or patches, or by laboratory tests. The sampling scheme need not be entirely unbiased. For example, isolates should be intentionally chosen to be closely-related.
They could also be chosen from two or more hypothesized niches or phenotypic groups in order to test whether these groups behave as separate genotypic units Box 2and to uncover the genes or mutations that might contribute to their ecological differences.
Isolates should, however, be sampled from the same geographic location in order to reduce the effects of allopatric divergence and focus on the effects of local selection and recombination.
Some a priori information — perhaps from a previous phylogenetic or metagenomic survey — may also be required in order to select a subset of closely related populations from the community.
Choose a genomic or metagenomic approach. Whole-genome sequencing of cultured isolates or isolated but uncultured single cells is preferable because it reveals information about how genes and mutations are linked within genomes, facilitating inferences about recombination events among genomes.
Metagenomic sequencing has the advantage of sampling more individuals within an environment than are generally possible to isolate, but linkage information will be limited by the sequencing read length and quality of the assembly. Most importantly, unbiased metagenomic sequencing will only provide an appropriate population genomic dataset for populations that are relatively abundant in the sampled environment.
The power of metagenomic data can be boosted significantly if they are gathered as a time series. Although such data sets are currently rare and potentially challenging to collect, they can follow the speciation process Table 1 in real time, and potentially catch selective sweeps and niche-specifying events in action.
Fine-grained time series might also follow shifting ecolological conditions over time, revealing independent behaviors of different clusters. Complete genome sequences are more readily assembled from isolates, but assembly can also be attempted on metagenomic data, taking care to guard against or account for different individuals being co-assembled into a single genome.
Align genome sequences and define core and flexible components. Here, particular care must be taken to only define these categories for organisms that co-occur and hence have the potential to be connected by contemporary gene flow and be subject to consistent environmental selection.