acknowledges the lack of love in Pecola's relationship with her mother, .. framed at both ends by Pauline's own interpretation” (Dubey 47). Pecola, a little black girl who thirsts for a pair of blue eyes, finally goes mad because of her never achieved people and black people never come to an end . The white people, a relationship between her parents terrifies Pecola. She can not. Before marriage, Pauline lacks any distinguishing or individualizing sense of or find coherence in his own life; he lacks the skills to achieve that end. the values which contribute to the ruination of her life and Pecola's.
On their community, Breedlove family is considered as an ugly family, the ugliest family among the black people and Pecola is the ugliest girl alive. Pecola, in this novel, not only suffered from the racism towards her but also from the harshness of her family. While his father, Cholly Breedlove, is not a good father. Father is supposed to love and protect his daughter. But Cholly, instead of protecting Pecola, he raped her twice which makes her pregnant. In the end of the novel, turns out that Pecola become insane after her baby was born too soon and die.
She believed that every bad thing which happened were because of her ugliness.
Therefore she wished to be a beautiful girl who has blue eyes. But her obsession to be beautiful, mixing with her raping incident and her baby death leads her into insanity. From this side, psychological term will be able to describe her condition and analyze what is actually happened with her.
But firstly, a light explanation about psychology will be explain in the paragraph below. Whereas to study about human psychology is used the theory which developed by Sigmund Freud, the psychoanalysis theory.
Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis is a study about human psychology. This concept becomes part of human live since years ago. Through this analysis, there is a possibility to understand human behavior. Since novel is a reflection of human live and human behavior, it is possible to analyze it using psychoanalysis. There are five stages which happened in this phase; oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, and latent period, and genital stage.
Those stages development are important in children development. If there are some disruptions in one of the stages, the results of the disruption will emerge when someone grow into adult and might effect on their personality.
Human personality is divided into three different structure; Id, Ego, and Superego. Id is related with human pleasure principle. It consists with human desire and self satisfaction. While Ego is the conscious condition of human mind or in other words it is the rational pat of human psychology.
Whereas Superego is 3 the preconscious condition and related with the moral part of human mind.
Those three structures are related between each other. The example is on the table below. Usually these three structures are fight to win human mind. If this conflict happened, it leads into anxiety which can reveal human psychological core issue, such as low self- esteem, fear of intimacy, fear of abandonment, fear of death, and fear of betrayal.
In The Ego and The Mechanisms of Defence by Anna Freud, anxiety is the reason why ego can lead into phobias, obsessional neuroses, hysterical symptoms, and neurotic traits as the consequence of superego anxiety In order to overcome those anxiety, Sigmund Freud argued that human develop defenses to get away from their anxiety. In psychology, this defense is known as defense mechanism. Some of the defense mechanisms are repression, denial, projection, displacement, regression, and sublimation.
Discussion 4 Pecola Breedlove is an 11 year old ugly black girl who had a terrible life. Since she was born, she already suffered from a bad treatment whether from her family and her environment.
Her parents, Cholly and Pauline Breedlove are always fighting. Pecola thought that their parents fought because she is ugly. Pecola thought that if she is beautiful like those white people who have blue eyes, everyone will treat her right.
Their parents will stop fighting in front of the blue- eye-Pecola, even her teacher will love her instead of ignore her. In her school, everyone is avoiding her. Bobby loves Pecola Breedlove! Even her teachers trying to not look at her though she sat in the front seat of the class Pecola believed that if she is beautiful, everyone will love her and like to be around her.
But people hatred toward Pecola is too much which make them trying hard to not get in touch with her, such as Mr. Yacobowski, who owned a candy store But what hurt her most is that even her own mother admitted that she is ugly, since she was just being born The way how people see her, makes Pecola feeling less worthy than anybody else.
Her low self-esteem makes her believe that she is worthless because she is ugly. This happened in Pecola personal psychology. She was willing to be 5 mistreated such as when there were four boys, Bay Boy, Woodrow Cain, Buddy Wilson, and Junie Bug insult her by calling her black. Heady with the smell of their own musk, thrilled bythe easy power of a majority, they gaily harassed her. Black e mo black e mo ya dadd sleeps nekked. She only cried and covered her face with her hand. This shows that Pecola realized she deserve to get mock and insult.
The reason is just as simple as because she is black and ugly. If she looked different, beautiful, maybe Cholly would be different, and Mrs. She wanted to feel how her parents and her friends at school love her. Therefore she began to ask God for giving her the blue eyes. Based on this novel, the reason 6 why she wanted the blue eyes is because a white skin and blue eyes portray the beauty standard at that time.
PSYCHOANALYSIS OF PECOLA AND CHOLLY BREEDLOVE IN THE BLUEST EYE NOVEL | N Hamidah O - catchsomeair.us
Pecola knew that Soaphead Church can do a magical thing to help other people and she wanted him to help her change her eyes into blue.
This might be an impossible thing which can happen. But she forced herself to believe that she can has the blue eyes like every white people have, even bluest than them. This obsession leads her into the insanity which happened in the end of the story. Considering her ugliness, Pecola is trying hard to be beauty. As explain in the previous paragraph, Pecola asked Soaphead Church to give her blue eyes.
Soaphead Church is known as a spiritualist and psychic reader. Those who wanted to know their dreams meaning, fixing things, making someone love them, finding things, and many others, come to see Soaphead Church, so did Pecola. He just wanted to make her relieved by telling them to give a meat for the dog in front of his house.
He said that if the dog is acting weird after eat the meat, she can get her eyes blue. Pecola immediately gave the meat from Soaphead Church to the dog without knowing the meat is poisoned At the time the dog jerked his body, Pecola believed that she will have blue eyes soon, as what Soaphead Church told her. First is that she likes drinking milk from a cup with Shirley Temple picture on it.
She has artistic leanings which find no outlet or encouragement, as indicated by her not knowing she missed paints and crayons. She is intensely responsive to color and visual images--the yellow lemonade with seeds floating in it, the streak of green made by the june bugs, the purple of berries, and the rainbow after sex.
Pauline's loss of a tooth is a determining event in her life. Morrison describes the process of the tooth decaying and makes the comment, "But even before the little brown speck, there must have been the conditions, the setting that would allow it to exist in the first place" p.
Is Morrison talking about more than just the tooth? Is she also referring to the conditions which contributed to the failure of her marriage and her life? Initially Pauline and Cholly "loved each other" p.
The Bluest Eye, Pages )
Do the following problems cause its failure? She is lonely being alone in a small apartment while Cholly works all day. How does Cholly respond to her wanting him to fill her loneliness? Does her dependency threaten his freedom? She is unable to make women friends. Cholly, on the other hand, has no trouble making friends or finding drinking buddies.
How is this a problem in their marriage? Pauline tries to be accepted by other women by buying clothes and make-up. How does Cholly respond to her demands for money? How does her working cause the marriage to deteriorate further? In her loneliness during her pregnancy, Pauline turns to the movies for entertainment, escape, and consolation.
The movies have a devastating effect on Pauline by teaching her about romantic love and the importance of physical beauty. Morrison calls the ideas of romantic love and of physical beauty Probably the most destructive ideas in the history of human thought. Both originated in envy, thrived in insecurity, and ended in disillusion. In equating physical beauty with virtue, she stripped her mind, bound it, and collected self-contempt by the heap.
She forgot lust and simple caring for.
She regarded love as possessive mating, and romance as the goal of the spirit. It would be for her a well-spring from which she would draw the most destructive emotions, deceiving the lover and seeking to imprison the beloved, curtailing freedom in every way. She was never able, after her education in the movies, to look at a face and not assign it some category in the scale of absolute beauty, and the scale was one she absorbed in full from the silver screen.
It was really a simple pleasure, but she learned all there was to love and all there was to hate. The false, idealized picture of white women's homes and their romantic relationships increases her unhappiness at home. When her tooth falls out, she realizes that she will never be beautiful, like Jean Harlow. She gives up not only her efforts to look like Harlow but also any possibility of being beautiful and "settled down to just being ugly" p.
The quarreling and bitterness of her marriage escalate.
She deliberately gets pregnant with Pecola. Throughout her pregnancy she has a loving relationship with her baby, reassuring it as she stretches hanging clothes and talking to it during her daily routine.
She promises to "love it no matter what it looked like" p. Though the new-born Pecola is "a right smart baby," Pauline makes a judgment about Pecola that will determine Pecola's identity and the course of her life, "But I knowed she was ugly. Head full of pretty hair, but Lord she was ugly" p. Pauline judges Pecola using the standards she learned at the movies and thereby condemns Pecola to seeing herself as ugly and to being perceived as ugly.
Pauline's judgment of Pecola also cuts her off from her love for her baby and a nurturing mother-child relationship. Pauline and Identity Pauline is seeking an identity. She lacked a sense of identity before her marriage; after her tooth falls out, she gives up her efforts to be beautiful; with the responsibility of two children, she feels a need to make sense of her life and to be an adult.
And so she finds an identity. She becomes the breadwinner, a good Christian woman, and an ideal servant. What kind of Christian does she become? What does Morrison mean when she says, "Holding Cholly as a model of sin and failure, she bore him like a crown of thorns, and her children like a cross" pp. Working at the Fisher home "filled practically all of her needs" p.
It fills her need for beauty, for order, for acceptance, for luxury, and for a sense of power.