Raleigh - Journeys End by Sophie Robinson on Prezi
Journey's End is, to my knowledge, the only one of Sherriff's plays to draw upon . If Stanhope had originally wanted Hibbert to conform to his example of . town , whilst Osborne eggs him on with the advice, “Think of it all as – as romantic. . criticism Love Lovers marijuana Marriage Marxism Melancholy. Osborne, however, believes that Raleigh's admiration of Stanhope will continue. not just his older age but also the family-like relationship the soldiers share. .. and the one everyone (including Stanhope) confides in and goes to for advice. The Journey's End Community Note includes chapter-by-chapter summary and Hardy gives Osborne advice on the great, old, soldiers' pastime of betting and is evident in relation to Stanhope as well as to the development of the storyline. elsewhere and will have consequences with his relationship to Raleigh's sister.
One may protest that this would deliver a decisive military advantage to the Germans, but what of it?
Journey's End - Comradeship by isaak lewis-smith on Prezi
Would it matter to these soldiers if they surrendered the unrecognisable remains of an arbitrary French landscape? Would they feel any real dishonour or regret? Our brief glimpse of the German POW who was captured in the British raid affirms that his imprisonment by the enemy is merely the equivalent of being released from that of his own military service.
These soldiers could daringly aspire to return home alive, ready to forget about the trenches and to set to work on building the modern world.
Journey’s End Act 1 Summary & Analysis from LitCharts | The creators of SparkNotes
Versailles would never happen. The rise of Hitler and the whole of the Second World War would be conceivably avoided. On the home front, the collapse of established authority would lead to greater liberties and a better society.
They continue with the charade that the Germans are their enemies, rather than the authorities who are perpetuating this moronic war. The student of twentieth-century history will be conscious that revolutions often end in bloodshed, philistinism, and the wholesale negation of human promise, but here is an example of a people who suffer the same fate precisely because they have failed to have a revolution.
Or rather, who prevents them? STANHOPE Captain Dennis Stanhope frets that he is not really a hero, because he nightly drowns his cowardice in whisky, but we may generously pronounce that he is really heroic because he continues to fight his cowardice rather than agreeing to be invalided out of the trenches. He indeed traps Hibbert like an animal: Stanhope resorts to a calculated display of friendship and a solidarity which perversely upholds authority.
But this cowardice can only lead back to stoicism, and Hibbert is hypnotised with the logic that he should accept the trenches because everybody else does so — a logic which would uphold any exploitation. Although nobody particularly benefits from this war, Stanhope does exact certain privileges, such as dining on fresh food with his commanding officers.
It seems unlikely that the spectacle of his debauched drinking would be tolerated in ordinary soldiers. Yet Stanhope remains a victim of the very system which he champions, and acts such as his rebuke to the insensitive colonel reveal a basic decency in his character. To adequately account of the disaster in the trenches, we should look both into and beyond Stanhope. The first two soldiers whom we encounter are characteristically at loggerheads: He demands of Osborne: Rather than being at the heart of a military operation and a social institution, Stanhope is apparently an isolated psyche, adrift in an empty universe.
This isolation is partly produced by the conditions of wartime, when the state nationalised most means of communication and the absence of reliable information left ordinary people feeling alone and powerless. Yet Edwardian society more generally prevented a revolutionary mindset from emerging by determining the behaviour of individuals in manifold, subtle, and often consensual ways. The minds of these soldiers have been produced by a culture in which social institutions are deferentially accepted and one has no choice but to obey established authority.
When that authority abandons them, these men can only cherish their memories and personal experiences, rather than envisioning their place in an alternative social destiny.
In the evenings I used to sit and smoke and read — and my wife used to knit socks and play the piano a bit. He then makes haste, not wanting to overlap with Stanhope—the captain taking over for him—because he knows Stanhope will force him to clean the trenches before leaving. That a soldier would use this as an excuse to go home illustrates just how desperate many of these men are to leave the war.
On another note, Sherriff uses this moment to introduce Captain Stanhope before the man actually makes an appearance onstage, thereby building him into a figure of curiosity, especially since Osborne and Hardy seem to both respect him and disapprove of his drinking habits.
People pay with a bottle of whisky for the morbid curiosity of seeing him drink it. Sherriff makes an effort in this scene to present Stanhope as an unstable character. Just before Hardy leaves, he pauses and looks at the table. When Hardy notices that the earwig on the table has been running in circles, Sherriff presents the audience with an image of futility.
This ultimately foreshadows the feeling of futility and repetition that bothers the men throughout the play, as they constantly wait for something to happen and then, after something actually does happen, they simply start waiting again. Active Themes At this point, the new officer arrives.
The MANSIZE Companion to R.C. Sherriff’s Journey’s End.
Indeed, the circumstances of their previous relationship are quite clearly much different than they will be here. After all, going to school with somebody is quite different than fighting alongside them in the trenches of World War I. Active Themes Raleigh tells Osborne that Stanhope was the rugby captain at his school. I remember once at school he caught some chaps in a study with a bottle of whisky.
He gave them a dozen each with a cricket stump. He was so keen on the fellows in the house keeping fit. He was frightfully down on smoking—and that sort of thing. When anything happens, it happens quickly. Then we just start waiting again. In this moment, Sherriff suggests that expectations play an important role in keeping a soldier psychologically at ease. Although Raleigh would surely prefer calm and peace to violence and action, he has prepared himself for the latter, and thus now feels unprepared for the wartime circumstances in which he finds himself.
This, Osborne tells him, is simply the nature of war—it is a cycle of inaction and action. Active Themes Related Quotes with Explanations Raleigh describes his journey to the support line, describing the many trenches he traveled through.
Think of it all as—as romantic. Just then, Stanhope enters and Mason retreats into the kitchen to bring out soup.