CBC/Radio-Canada | The Canadian Encyclopedia
four new senators, filling remaining vacancies. catchsomeair.us Logo .. The Mekong women pressed into marriage in China. AFP Logo AFP News · A family from Haiti . Gladstone Murray, a Canadian-born director of public relations for the BBC. At the end of the war, the CBC/Radio-Canada joined forces with the .. as CBC Newsworld), is owned and operated by the CBC and is funded. Australia's prime minister said his country's relationship with the United States President Donald Trump reportedly ended conversation with.
Murray eventually approved a discussion program called Citizens All, but demanded personal approval of speakers and subjects.
It was not until Murray was replaced by J. Thomson in August that the efforts of the Talks Department to promote serious discussion on matters of public concern began to bear fruit. Canadian Drama The further expansion of public affairs programming after the war was accompanied by programs on the arts, such as Critically Speaking, and a significant increase in the production of Canadian drama. Depicted is a radio drama from the s courtesy NAC. A repertory company of young Canadian actors was formed and a major program was launched to train young Canadian writers.
During the —48 season, there were radio drama productions in English, 97 per cent of which were by Canadian writers. By this time, however, the days of radio drama were already numbered as Canadians began mounting pressure for the introduction of television, which had become available in the United States after the war.
Augustin Frigon, who had served on the Aird Commission and was head of the French network before replacing Thomson as general manager inadvised the parliamentary Radio Committee that "it would be a mistake to encourage the introduction of television in Canada without sufficient financial support and, therefore, taking the risk that unsatisfactory programs would, at the start, give a poor impression of this new means of communication.
Alphonse Ouimetwas largely responsible. Arguably the single most important figure in the history of Canadian broadcasting, Ouimet deserves much of the credit for the rapid introduction and expansion of television in Canada once the government finally decided to go ahead with television and allocated funds from an excise tax on television sets for its development.
But by this had increased to 60 per cent and Canada ranked second in the world in live television program production. The advent of television created major problems for the corporation's radio service. Its audience share plummeted as creative talent and capital funds were siphoned off by the new medium, and both commercial revenues and the supply of American entertainment programs were greatly reduced.
Forced to compete against local information and American pop music formats on the private stations, the radio service became increasingly demoralized and out of touch with Canadian listeners. During the s a few steps were taken to reclaim audience loyalty: But it was not until the outset of the s that the broadcaster's radio service underwent the revolution that made it the pride of the corporation.
Infollowing the submission of an exhaustive radio study that year, the radio service made a fundamental shift in its priorities.
Substantial program resources were reallocated from the evenings when television is the main attraction to the morning and afternoon periods. Local information programs were developed, block program formats were devised, and national news and current affairs were strengthened through the introduction of programs such as This Country in the Morning and As It Happens.
At the same time, the potential of FM radio was finally pursued in earnest after two decades of experimentation. Eventually, as both AM and FM coverage were extended through the Accelerated Coverage Plan that began intwo networks emerged offering distinctive program services.
The AM network concentrated on news, information, light entertainment and local community affairs, while the FM network focused on serious music, drama, documentaries and the arts and culture.
During the s, a new generation of producers responded to the challenge of developing programs for the medium with energy, enthusiasm, and great creativity. Lemelin's Plouffe family gently satirizes and celebrates a blend of American and Catholic influences in local popular culture courtesy Library and Archives Canada.
Previous Next Nonetheless, the remarkable programming performance of the national broadcaster during the s did not eliminate the desire of Canadians for access to American entertainment programs. Eventually, with the introduction of cable television and satellitesthe need for the corporation to rebroadcast American programs was eliminated. This process began in the late s as the era of live television broadcasting gave way to the production of expensive, pre-filmed comedy and drama series that could be shown repeatedly.
The broadcaster was soon caught in a vicious cycle as it needed to carry popular American programs in order to acquire the advertising revenues necessary to produce comparable domestic programming. Between the —68 and —74 fiscal years, therefore, the broadcaster responded to growing public criticism by increasing its Canadian content on television from about 52 per cent to about 68 per cent.Canadian helicopters: Philippines president wants to cancel multimillion-dollar deal
During the same period, an attempt was made to improve the balance between network and regional programming and increase efficiency by consolidating the English network, French network and regional broadcasting systems into two administrative divisions: Further consolidation since then has facilitated additional steps towards the Canadianization of the television schedule.
Between —84 and —86, for example, Canadian content was increased from 74 per cent to 77 per cent on the English television network of the CBC and from 69 per cent to 79 per cent on Radio-Canada's French television network. The long-running documentary series The Nature of Things, hosted by world-renowned environmental scientist David Suzukiis one of the most critically acclaimed programs in Canadian television history.
Over the years, the sports division of CBC TV established itself as one of the major producers of sports broadcasts in the country, particularly through its flagship Saturday night program Hockey Night in Canada —. As Canada's Olympic broadcaster, the corporation brought international events to the country's TV and radio sets, although not without controversy, as various groups criticized the use of public funds to bid for one of the world's most popular sports properties.
Satirist Rick Mercer's witty approach to Canadian politics has made him a prominent political and social commentator photo courtesy Rick Mercer Report. Canadian content makes up over 80 per cent of prime-time schedules on both TV and radio, with the radio service airing 99 per cent Canadian content over the full course of its broadcast day.
Q is broadcast to audiences around the world, and is widely distributed in the United States by Public Radio International. The show, created inhas become the most popular to ever air in its morning time slot on CBC Radio and has the largest audience of any current affairs program in Canada. The service aims to showcase Canadian talent alongside other international music and is a promoter of Canadian singers and songwriters.
In addition to television and radio programming, CBC News is an important news organization, operating hourly radio news updates, TV news programs and an online news website. The broadcaster operates 14 foreign bureaus that contribute to its coverage of world events. Ratings show that it ranks above all other similar news channels in Canada. Local programming is included in schedules across the country, including regional news on TV, radio, and online. CBC News online covers local, national, and international events, in addition to coverage of sports, science, and the arts.
Much of the coverage is accompanied by television clips or podcast options. It is arguable that some of the problems confronting the corporation have been compounded by the fact that it no longer performs the regulatory role assigned to it by the Broadcasting Act.
Its recommendation for a separate regulatory agency was given substance with the passage of a new Broadcasting Act by the Conservative government of John Diefenbaker in At the same time, the broadcaster's board of governors was replaced by a person board of directors and the principal responsibility for running the corporation was placed on the shoulders of a president appointed by the federal government.
But it also reduced the ability of those who have occupied the presidency of the corporation — J. Al Johnson —82Pierre Juneau —89W. Some speculated that the looming October 8 start date for the network's most important television property, Hockey Night in Canadahad acted as an additional incentive to resolve the dispute. The CBC has been affected by a number of other labour disputes since the late s: All local programming in the affected regions was cancelled and replaced by abbreviated national newscasts and national radio morning shows.
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BBC World television and World Service radio and Broadcast News feeds were used to provide the remainder of original news content, and the CBC website consisted mainly of rewritten wire copy.
Galaxie which CBC owned at the time supplied some music content for the radio networks. Tapes of aired or produced documentaries, interviews and entertainment programs were also aired widely.
Selected television sports coverage, including that of the Canadian Football Leaguecontinued, but without commentary. As before, French-language staff outside of Quebec were also affected by the lockout, although with Quebec producing the bulk of the French networks' programming, those networks were not as visibly affected by the dispute apart from local programs.
Cultural significance[ edit ] In the s the CBC provided hands-on training and employment for actors, writers, and directors in the developing field of its television dramatic services. The CBC also had the only national radio network. Its cultural impact was therefore significant since many Canadians had little or no choice for their information and entertainment other than from these two powerful media outlets. Even after the introduction of commercial television and radio, the CBC has remained one of the main elements in Canadian popular culture through its obligation to produce Canadian television and radio programming.
The CBC has made programs for mass audiences and for smaller audiences interested in drama, performance arts, documentaries, current affairs, entertainment and sport.
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
The CBC's cultural influence, like that of many public broadcasters, has decreased in recent decades. This is partly due to severe budget cuts by the Canadian federal government, which began in the late s and levelled off in the late s. It is also due to industry-wide fragmentation of television audiences the decline of network television generally, due to the rise in specialty channel viewership, as well as the increase of non-television entertainment options such as video games, the Internet, etc.
Private networks in Canada face the same competition, but their viewership is declining more slowly than CBC Television's.