Now going back to the main question you raised, the relation between law and morality-ethics, I believe people in the profession are the best people to answer. Ideally, in the form of natural law, the law is always getting closer to morality/ ethics. In practice legislated law is almost always at odds with morality/ethics. Here I am going to share some thoughts of mine on how ethics and laws are related, as well as the differences between these two. What is.
In a word, they exist in a purpose of making people benefit from being members of a well-regulated society.Legal vs. Ethical Liability: A Crisis of Leadership and Culture - Mel Fugate - TEDxSMU
Differences between ethics and laws: However, there are many distinctions between ethics and laws. To some extent, ethics is not well defined but laws are defined and precise.
Ethics can also be distinguished by looking at whether people are being punished after they violate the rules.
Nobody will be punished when they violate ethics; but whoever violates laws is going to receive punishment carried out by relevant authorities. Besides, an action can be illegal, but morally right.
Difference Between Law and Ethics (with Comparison Chart) - Key Differences
It first looks as though the law and ethics are very similar. Through ethics, we know that certain acts such as stealing, rape or murder is wrong. From a utilitarian standpoint, stealing causes harm as everyone would live in fear of getting their possessions stolen and therefore the act of stealing must not be permissible.
Raping and murder treats the victims as a means to end, making them wrong from a Kantian perspective.
The law thus prohibits such acts. Therefore it looks like the law makes it a national rule preventing what we find ethically wrong. However, this idea that ethics always determines law only make sense at a superficial level. To look more deeply into the matter, we must first make a distinction between rule of law and rule of man.
In certain societies, the law is simply an instrument used by the ruling class to enforce rules that keep them in power or ideas the ruling class agree with. In such situations, it becomes clearer that law and ethics are distinct. For instance, in Nazi Germany, marriages between Jews and Germans were prohibited.
Ethics are the code of conduct agreed and adopted by the people. It sets a standard of how a person should live and interact with other people. The law is defined as the systematic body of rules that governs the whole society and the actions of its individual members.
Ethics means the science of a standard human conduct.
- Key Differences Between Law and Ethics
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- Content: Law Vs Ethics
The law consists of a set of rules and regulations, whereas Ethics comprises of guidelines and principles that inform people about how to live or how to behave in a particular situation. The law is created by the Government, which may be local, regional, national or international.
Relationship between ethics and law
On the other hand, ethics are governed by an individual, legal or professional norms, i. The law is expressed in the constitution in a written form. As opposed to ethics, it cannot be found in writing form. The breach of law may result in punishment or penalty, or both which is not in the case of breach of ethics. The objective of the law is to maintain social order and peace within the nation and protection to all the citizens.
Unlike, ethics that are the code of conduct that helps a person to decide what is right or wrong and how to act.