Key moments and facts | Romeo and Juliet | Royal Shakespeare Company
We have tons of study questions for you here, all completely free. Should Romeo and Juliet's relationship be viewed as a rebellion of the young against the old? How do these references to day and night, sun, moon and stars, torches and. and find homework help for other Romeo and Juliet questions at eNotes. In Act I, Scene 3, we are introduced to the powerful relationship that exists between The Nurse recalls that Juliet and Susan were born on the same day; hence, they . How has Shakespeare changed as a writer in thirteen years? 3. Watch the movie How do changes in the character's relationships (i.e. Maria and Bernardo very rich and some very poor), in the middle of the day, with no special effects?.
Youth vs age is a running thread, old and new. Change the word choice and it could be taken from a conversation heard in any high school hallway.
They seem as confused by his behaviour as many parents today are confused by their sullen teens who lock themselves in their room. Capulet initially seems protective of his daughter, but later his true nature comes out. Juliet was not raised by her mother but by the Nurse. He runs to the Friar. Both sets of parents, real and surrogate, fail to be good parents. Lord and Lady Capulet would see Juliet disowned before disobedient. What message does this convey about whether or not the teens should trust adults?
Are the adults in your life trustworthy? Are they looking out for your best interests? Compare your relationships with adults to those of Romeo and Juliet. What do you share with the adults in your life? What do you keep secret? Is there an adult in your life that you consider a friend? What do you think it means to be an adult?
In groups, discuss the idea of the good parent. Should we cut the parents in Romeo and Juliet some slack because they were only behaving as parents would in that time period? Are we thinking too much in 21st Century terms? Or should a good parent always put their children first? Why does the Nurse decide to tell Juliet to forget Romeo? Friar Laurence is called, counsels the family to accept their grief, and arranges for Juliet to be 'buried' immediately.
Romeo learns of the tragedy and plans suicide Act 5 Scene 1 Romeo's servant, Balthasar, reaches Mantua before the Friar's messenger and tells Romeo that Juliet is dead. Romeo buys poison and leaves for Verona, planning to die alongside Juliet's body. The tragic conclusion Act 5 Scene 3 Trying to break into the Capulet crypt, Romeo is disturbed by Paris and they fight. Romeo kills Paris and reaches Juliet's body. He drinks the poison, kisses his wife for the last time, and dies.
Having learned that Romeo never received his message, the Friar comes to the crypt to be with Juliet when she wakes. He finds Paris's body and reaches Juliet just as she revives.
He cannot persuade her to leave her dead husband, and runs away in fear. Juliet realises what has happened, takes Romeo's knife and stabs herself to death with it.
Key moments and facts
The watchmen discover the gruesome sight and call the Prince, to whom the Friar confesses everything. Having heard the full story, the Montagues and Capulets are reconciled.
Boaistuau adds much moralising and sentiment, and the characters indulge in rhetorical outbursts. Shakespeare took advantage of this popularity: Romeo and Juliet is a dramatisation of Brooke's translation, and Shakespeare follows the poem closely but adds extra detail to both major and minor characters in particular the Nurse and Mercutio. Juliet's nurse refers to an earthquake she says occurred 11 years ago. Other earthquakes—both in England and in Verona—have been proposed in support of the different dates.
These are referred to as Q1 and Q2. The first printed edition, Q1, appeared in earlyprinted by John Danter. Because its text contains numerous differences from the later editions, it is labelled a so-called ' bad quarto '; the 20th-century editor T.
Spencer described it as "a detestable text, probably a reconstruction of the play from the imperfect memories of one or two of the actors", suggesting that it had been pirated for publication. Alternative theories are that some or all of 'the bad quartos' are early versions by Shakespeare or abbreviations made either for Shakespeare's company or for other companies.
It was printed in by Thomas Creede and published by Cuthbert Burby. Q2 is about lines longer than Q1. Scholars believe that Q2 was based on Shakespeare's pre-performance draft called his foul papers since there are textual oddities such as variable tags for characters and "false starts" for speeches that were presumably struck through by the author but erroneously preserved by the typesetter.
It is a much more complete and reliable text and was reprinted in Q3Q4 and Q5. Pope began a tradition of editing the play to add information such as stage directions missing in Q2 by locating them in Q1. This tradition continued late into the Romantic period. Fully annotated editions first appeared in the Victorian period and continue to be produced today, printing the text of the play with footnotes describing the sources and culture behind the play. Proposals for a main theme include a discovery by the characters that human beings are neither wholly good nor wholly evil, but instead are more or less alike,  awaking out of a dream and into reality, the danger of hasty action, or the power of tragic fate.
Romeo and Juliet - Wikipedia
None of these have widespread support. However, even if an overall theme cannot be found it is clear that the play is full of several small, thematic elements that intertwine in complex ways.
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- Key Moments from Romeo and Juliet
Several of those most often debated by scholars are discussed below. My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand To smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss. Juliet Good pilgrim, you do wrong your hand too much, Which mannerly devotion shows in this; For saints have hands that pilgrims' hands do touch, And palm to palm is holy palmers' kiss.
Since it is such an obvious subject of the play, several scholars have explored the language and historical context behind the romance of the play. By using metaphors of saints and sins, Romeo was able to test Juliet's feelings for him in a non-threatening way. This method was recommended by Baldassare Castiglione whose works had been translated into English by this time. He pointed out that if a man used a metaphor as an invitation, the woman could pretend she did not understand him, and he could retreat without losing honour.
Juliet, however, participates in the metaphor and expands on it.
The religious metaphors of "shrine", "pilgrim", and "saint" were fashionable in the poetry of the time and more likely to be understood as romantic rather than blasphemous, as the concept of sainthood was associated with the Catholicism of an earlier age. Brooke's Romeus and Juliet. In the later balcony scene, Shakespeare has Romeo overhear Juliet's soliloquy, but in Brooke's version of the story, her declaration is done alone.
Relationships in Romeo and Juliet
By bringing Romeo into the scene to eavesdrop, Shakespeare breaks from the normal sequence of courtship. Usually, a woman was required to be modest and shy to make sure that her suitor was sincere, but breaking this rule serves to speed along the plot. The lovers are able to skip courting and move on to plain talk about their relationship— agreeing to be married after knowing each other for only one night. Romeo and Juliet's love seems to be expressing the "Religion of Love" view rather than the Catholic view.
Another point is that although their love is passionate, it is only consummated in marriage, which keeps them from losing the audience's sympathy. Throughout the story, both Romeo and Juliet, along with the other characters, fantasise about it as a dark beingoften equating it with a lover.
Capulet, for example, when he first discovers Juliet's faked death, describes it as having deflowered his daughter. Right before her suicide, she grabs Romeo's dagger, saying "O happy dagger!
This is thy sheath. There rust, and let me die. No consensus exists on whether the characters are truly fated to die together or whether the events take place by a series of unlucky chances.
Arguments in favour of fate often refer to the description of the lovers as " star-cross'd ". This phrase seems to hint that the stars have predetermined the lovers' future. Draper points out the parallels between the Elizabethan belief in the four humours and the main characters of the play for example, Tybalt as a choleric.
Interpreting the text in the light of humours reduces the amount of plot attributed to chance by modern audiences. For example, Romeo's challenging Tybalt is not impulsive; it is, after Mercutio's death, the expected action to take. In this scene, Nevo reads Romeo as being aware of the dangers of flouting social normsidentity, and commitments. He makes the choice to kill, not because of a tragic flawbut because of circumstance. O heavy lightness, serious vanity, Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms, Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health, Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!
Caroline Spurgeon considers the theme of light as "symbolic of the natural beauty of young love" and later critics have expanded on this interpretation. Romeo describes Juliet as being like the sun,  brighter than a torch,  a jewel sparkling in the night,  and a bright angel among dark clouds. For example, Romeo and Juliet's love is a light in the midst of the darkness of the hate around them, but all of their activity together is done in night and darkness while all of the feuding is done in broad daylight.
This paradox of imagery adds atmosphere to the moral dilemma facing the two lovers: At the end of the story, when the morning is gloomy and the sun hiding its face for sorrow, light and dark have returned to their proper places, the outward darkness reflecting the true, inner darkness of the family feud out of sorrow for the lovers.
All characters now recognise their folly in light of recent events, and things return to the natural order, thanks to the love and death of Romeo and Juliet. Both Romeo and Juliet struggle to maintain an imaginary world void of time in the face of the harsh realities that surround them.
Stars were thought to control the fates of humanity, and as time passed, stars would move along their course in the sky, also charting the course of human lives below. Romeo speaks of a foreboding he feels in the stars' movements early in the play, and when he learns of Juliet's death, he defies the stars' course for him.
Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet spans a period of four to six days, in contrast to Brooke's poem's spanning nine months.