Referee - Wikipedia
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Setting and enforcing penalties. However, most organizations will want to ensure that umpires can be trusted around children, will understand the game and its rules, and will be able to render judgments quickly and to stick by them.
Options Available Individuals who are interested in umpiring can begin their search for opportunities at the local level by looking up local Little League websites. Usually, these sites have a volunteer, coach or umpire recruiting page that provides information on getting started.
Some areas rely on umpires from third-party umpire associations that provide officiating services at all levels of baseball play in a state or area, including school and major league teams. A visit to the association's website should provide the information needed to submit an application.
Application Every Little League will have its own application process, but most will have an application available for download or online submission on their website.
Applicants should take note of deadlines: Baseball is a seasonal sport, so applications need to be processed before training begins. In addition to providing personal information, such as name, address, and phone number, applications may ask prospective umpires to provide information about scheduling preferences as well as a description of their knowledge of the game and previous experience as a coach, umpire or player. From there, the Little League organization or umpiring association can make a determination about the level of play at which a new umpire can officiate.
Background Check Because Little League umpires work with children and teenagers, most Little League organizations will require potential umpires to submit to a background check. Applicants might need to provide personal details, such as previous addresses, Social Security numbers and fingerprints as part of the review process.
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Background checks can take awhile to complete, so applicants might want to take this timeline into consideration to ensure that they will be able to participate in the next upcoming season.
In most cases, the purpose of a background check is to determine whether the umpire is a person of good character and can be trusted around children. Often, those reviewing the background check will be paying attention to whether the applicant has a criminal history, with a special focus on whether he has been arrested for or convicted of a crime involving minors or domestic violence.
Education and Training Little League organizations, as well as independent umpire associations, will expect umpires to complete a standard training program and, in many cases, ongoing continuing education. Training programs differ between organizations, but may include: Umpires may be required to review proprietary training manuals to ensure that they understand league rules and procedures. These manuals will be provided by the league. Umpire associations and Little League organizations may offer online courses that prospective and current umpires can take to measure and verify the umpires knowledge of regulations and sport rules.
Some associations and organizations work with third-party vendors that offer online training to sports officials. Periodically, Little League organizations and umpire associations sponsor in-person training clinics that provide training to umpires.
Of course, the more experience and umpire gets, the better she can become at her job. Eventually, she may be able to move into other baseball and softball leagues, including professional leagues. Umpires who want to move into intercollegiate and professional work should keep careful records of every game they work, as well as completion of training classes and clinics, so they can provide documentation of their experience to league and school officials.
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Umpire Certification Although there isn't an umpire certification program specifically for Little League umpires, some professional associations may offer a certificate to those umpires who complete its umpire clinics. The World Baseball Softball Confederation international governing body for baseball and softball and the governing authority for both sports at the Olympic level, does have an umpire certification program, although the WBSC is primarily connected to softball and baseball associations outside the United States.
Some baseball umpires belong to the National Association of Sports Officials, an industry organization that provides many benefits, including education and training, advocacy for the safety of umpires, as well as insurance products and discounts on professional products and services. Tip In some Little Leagues, an umpire will be expected to provide his own equipment.
However, some organizations provide equipment to umpires or offer reimbursement for this expense. Prospective umpires should refrain from purchasing equipment until they've been told what the Little League's policy is.
While it is easy for outsiders to think of Little League as just a bunch of kids playing baseball or softball, the reality is that youth sports can be highly competitive.
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In addition, because Little League is community-based, umpires must be able to manage relationships with neighbors and friends who may also be parents of players or coaches. Anyone considering becoming an umpire should perform a self-assessment and consider whether they possess the following qualities: A deep love of baseball and a strong understanding of its rules.
A willingness to learn Little League regulations and keep up-to-date on new policies. The combination of referees and linesman varies from league to league.
A few leagues, including the NCAA, are starting to refer to linesmen as assistant referees. In addition, off-ice officials administer to specific functions such as goal judge, penalty timekeeper, game timekeeper, statistician, official scorer and, at the highest professional levels, instant replay official. Korfball[ edit ] In korfballit is the referee's responsibility to control the game and its environment, to enforce the rules and to take action against misbehaviour.
He is assisted by an assistant referee, who alerts the referee to out balls and fouls and may have other tasks determined by the referee, and where possible by a timekeeper and scorer. Lacrosse[ edit ] A lacrosse match is presided over by a crew of either two, three, or in some cases four on-field officials.
In two-man crew, a Referee and an Umpire are utilized. In a three-man crew, a Referee, Umpire, and Field Judge are utilized. The Referee shall always have the final ruling on any and all matters. For games of significance a four-man crew can be used which includes a three-man crew plus a Chief Bench Official who has jurisdiction over the bench area including the timekeeper.
The professional outdoor league in the United States utilizes four on-field officials in order to be able to better keep up with the increased pace of play. Lawn bowls[ edit ] A lawn bowls match is presided over by a bowls umpire or technical official. In games where single players compete, a marker is required to direct play and assist players with questions relating to the position of their bowls.
Mixed martial arts[ edit ] Rules in mixed martial arts MMA bouts are enforced by a referee who can give warnings and disqualifications should the rules be broken.
The referee is also in charge of stopping fights when a fighter "cannot intelligently defend himself" in order to prevent him from incurring further damage, as well as making sure that submissions are released following a tapout and to pull fighters off an unconscious opponent. The referee is advised by a doctor and assistant referee who sit ringside. The primary concern and job of an MMA referee is the safety of the fighters. Motorsport marshal Aside the race control who are responsible for the start, running and timekeeping of the race, each section of the circuit is presided by a team of marshals led by an observer, who also report incidents and technical mishap of the race.
Rules of netball In the game of Netball the match at hand is Presided over by 2 umpires, typically femalewith a comprehensive knowledge of the rules. There are also 2 timekeepers and 2 scorekeepers who inform the umpires, and players of time remaining, and scores.
Comparison of baseball and softball - Wikipedia
Muggle Quidditch Quidditch is governed by a Head Referee, who issues penalties for fouls and misconduct and has the final say over any dispute of the rules. The head referee is assisted by up to 7 assistant referees, each with specific responsibilities. Up to 3 Bludger Referees position themselves around the action and rule on beats by Bludgers. In the absence of a snitch referee the Snitch Runner should act as the Snitch Referee. The Head Referee is also assisted by a scorekeeper who keeps track of match time, penalty time, goals scored, and time of Snitch snatch.
Roller derby[ edit ] The game of roller derby is governed by a team of up to seven skating referees. Only three are required due to the grass-roots nature of the sport, though the full seven are used whenever possible. The required referees are a head referee, who oversees the running of the entire game and has final say in any disputes, and who doubles as an inside pack referee, following alongside the main pack of skaters from inside the track and issuing and enforcing penalties for fouls or infringements of the rules; and two jammer referees who follow the two point-scoring players known as jammers.
Additional referees fill the roles of a second inside pack ref and up to three outside pack refs, who perform similar duties to the inside pack refs, but from the outside of the track, and who rotate active duty in a relay-race style to avoid fatigue caused by the extra speed needed to keep pace with the pack from the outside.
Non-skating officials complete the team by recording and communicating points and penalties and ensuring skaters serve their time accordingly. Only the team captains may engage in discussions with the referees by way of the head referee, over calls made. Referees are also responsible for ensuring the skaters are correctly wearing all regulation safety equipment. In some cases an umpire may be designated specifically as starter, or otherwise the umpire starts the race from a launch and follows it to its end, ensuring that crews follow their proper course.
If no infringements occur, the result is decided by a judge or judges on the waterside who determine the finish order of the crews. Rugby league match officials Rugby league games are controlled by an on field referee assisted by two touch judgesand often a video referee during televised games. With non-televised games in rugby leaguethe referee has 2 touch judges and 2 in-goal judges to assist.
The referee and the touch judges cannot be contradicted by any player, but captains may discuss calls with them. In some rugby league competitions, most notably Australia's National Rugby Leaguepublic criticism of officials by players or coaching staff can result in fines being levied against the offending club. The National Rugby League is also experimenting with a two-referee system: The two referees exchange roles on changes of possession.
As in most team sports, there is an on-field referee and referees on each of the two sideline. However, in touch football, the referees may interchange, similar to players, at appropriate times.