India-Pakistan Relations - Terrorism, Kashmir, and Recent Issues
Commentary and archival information about India-Pakistan relations from The New York Times. India and Pakistan Agree to Truce on Kashmir Border. The partition causes one of the largest human migrations ever seen, and sparks riots and /48 - The first Indo-Pak war over Kashmir is fought, after armed , with the regular Pakistani army called upon to protect Pakistan's borders. The India–Pakistan Border, known locally as the International Border (IB), is an international established after the Indo-Pakistani War of , into two main parts and the de facto demarcation dividing India–Pakistan relations · Pakistan.
In the ouster, surprisingly, the Pakistani Army has remained silent publicly on the issue. Some people perceive the judgment of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, as being politically motivated, with some saying there was a judicial overreach by the Court. Also, the court has directed the National Accountability Bureau to further investigate into cases related to Panama papers.
However, there are also reports that the developments are a sort of deepening the roots of democracy in Pakistan because the due process of law was followed.
Thus, his ouster can have implications with the incoming new PM of Pakistan. This can be a cause of concern because of the background scenario with the relationship between both countries already fraught and the Pakistan Army indirectly flexing its muscle in the process of the ouster of the PM. The future thus remains uncertain. Terrorism and Kashmir — The never ending issues Cross border terrorism has always been an issue. Some analysts go to the extent of saying that both nations are always in a perpetual state of war.
Despite the fact the after the Kargil conflict, there was a Ceasefire Agreement signed inthere have been regular cross border ceasefire violations from the Pakistan side of the border with the trend being as such that since onwards, there has been a rise in the violations with the exception of It has killed and injured security forces as well as civilians on both the sides. With the regime change in India, there has been a different approach to the violations.
With the hardline policy of the new government, there has been massive retaliation to the unprovoked firing. Thus, out of desperation, there has been a rise in the number of infiltrations of terrorists from across the Line of Control LOCwhich has been routine for quite a while now.
With the void in between the Kashmiri people and the establishment increasing after the devastating floods ofthere was rising discontent again in the valley. The trigger to the events was the killing of the militant commander of the terrorist organization Hizb-ul-Mujahideen Burhan Wani, which led to widespread protests in the valley and the situation has been highly volatile ever since with almost daily scenes of protests and stone pelting in the valley.
Pakistan has taken advantage of the situation and has fuelled the protests by providing the elements fighting against the Indian establishment and Forces in the state with all sorts of possible support. The PM of Pakistan, in fact, went a step ahead and during the United Nations General Assembly meeting ofdeclared Wani as a martyr and the struggle of the people of Kashmir as an Intifada. This is in sync with the stand Pakistan holds on Kashmir i.
The stand has been rejected by India as it says it is in direct violation of the Shimla Agreement ofwhich clearly mentions that peaceful resolution to all issues will be through bilateral approach. After the attack at the Pathankot base in January, there was again a thaw in the relationship, especially when seen in the context that the Indian PM paid an unscheduled visit to Pakistan to meet his Pakistani counterpart.
They were carried out at the end of September. In a first, India tinkered with the Indus Water Treatya Treaty which has stood the test of time and the bitter sour relationship for more than 55 years and was pondering with the fact to fully exploit the water potential of the West flowing rivers over which Pakistan has control. On the other hand, Pakistan is ready for a dialogue with India but it wants the inclusion and discussion of the Kashmir issue which it keeps raking up every time.
He has been accused by Pakistan of espionage and spying and has been sentenced to death by a military court in Pakistan. India, on many previous occasions, demanded consular access of Jadhav, a demand consistently rejected by Pakistan citing national security issues.
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India says that Jadhav was a retired Naval officer who was a businessman working in Iran and has been falsely framed by the Pakistani establishment. Future of India-Pakistan relationship India and Pakistan are neighbours. Thus, it is in the better of interest of both the nations that they bring all the issues on the drawing board and resolve them amicably. India wants Pakistan to act more strongly on the terrorism being sponsored from its soil. He hands over control of his defence, communications and foreign affairs to the Indian government.
Both sides agree that the instrument of accession signed by Maharaja Hari Singh be ratified by a referendum, to be held after hostilities have ceased. Historians on either side of the dispute remain undecided as to whether the Maharaja signed the document after Indian troops had entered Kashmir i.
Fighting continues through the second half ofwith the regular Pakistani army called upon to protect Pakistan's borders. The war officially ends on January 1,when the United Nations arranges a ceasefire, with an established ceasefire line, a UN peacekeeping force and a recommendation that the referendum on the accession of Kashmir to India be held as agreed earlier.Pakistan and India on new journey - Pakistan and india relationship - Spot On
That referendum has yet to be held. Pakistan controls roughly one-third of the state, referring to it as Azad free Jammu and Kashmir. A larger area, including the former kingdoms of Hunza and Nagar, is controlled directly by the central Pakistani government. The Indian eastern side of the ceasefire line is referred to as Jammu and Kashmir.
Both countries refer to the other side of the ceasefire line as "occupied" territory. India, from the point of the ratification and constitution, begins to refer to Jammu and Kashmir as an integral part of the Indian union.
The specific contents of those talks have not yet been declassified, but no agreement was reached. In the talks, "Pakistan signified willingness to consider approaches other than a plebiscite and India recognised that the status of Kashmir was in dispute and territorial adjustments might be necessary," according to a declassified US state department memo dated January 27, The conflict begins after a clash between border patrols in April in the Rann of Kutch in the Indian state of Gujaratbut escalates on August 5, when between 26, and 33, Pakistani soldiers cross the ceasefire line dressed as Kashmiri locals, crossing into Indian-administered Kashmir.
The largest engagement of the war takes place in the Sialkot sector, where between and tanks square off in an inconclusive battle. By September 22, both sides agree to a UN mandated ceasefire, ending the war that had by that point reached a stalemate, with both sides holding some of the other's territory. The conflict begins when the central Pakistani government in West Pakistan, led by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, refuses to allow Awami League leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, a Bengali whose party won the majority of seats in the parliamentary elections, to assume the premiership.
A Pakistani military crackdown on Dhaka begins in March, but India becomes involved in the conflict in December, after the Pakistani air force launches a pre-emptive strike on airfields in India's northwest.
India then launches a coordinated land, air and sea assault on East Pakistan.
The Pakistani army surrenders at Dhaka, and its army of more than 90, become prisoners of war. Hostilities lasted 13 days, making this one of the shortest wars in modern history.
East Pakistan becomes the independent country of Bangladesh on December 6, Click here for more on the Kashmir conflict - Pakistani Prime Minister Zulifiqar Ali Bhutto and Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi sign an agreement in the Indian town of Simla, in which both countries agree to "put an end to the conflict and confrontation that have hitherto marred their relations and work for the promotion of a friendly and harmonious relationship and the establishment of a durable peace in the subcontinent".
Both sides agree to settle any disputes "by peaceful means". The Simla Agreement designates the ceasefire line of December 17,as being the new "Line-of-Control LoC " between the two countries, which neither side is to seek to alter unilaterally, and which "shall be respected by both sides without prejudice to the recognised position of either side".
Pakistan rejects the accord with the Indian government. India refers to the device as a "peaceful nuclear explosive". These include "nuclear power and research reactors, fuel fabrication, uranium enrichment, isotopes separation and reprocessing facilities as well as any other installations with fresh or irradiated nuclear fuel and materials in any form and establishments storing significant quantities of radio-active materials".
Both sides agree to share information on the latitudes and longitudes of all nuclear installations. This agreement is later ratified, and the two countries share information on January 1 each year since then. Muslim political parties, after accusing the state government of rigging the state legislative elections, form militant wings. Pakistan says that it gives its "moral and diplomatic" support to the movement, reiterating its call for the earlier UN-sponsored referendum.