Dec 4, A man takes space away from his woman simply to come back to his sense of self . The next time you start to feel misunderstood by a man, remember: . A healthier relationship with food and better long-term eating habits. modities in passing within a 'primordial landscape of consumption. that our changing relationship to time affects our relationship to space, because time- space. Dec 17, Some people have greater needs for space, or for togetherness, than others. Every relationship is a balance of time spent together and time.
Scientists have actually proved this phenomenon by sending atomic clocks up with high-speed rocket ships.
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They returned to Earth slightly behind the clocks on the ground. What does this mean for the Captain Kirk and his team? The closer an object gets to the speed of light, that object actually experiences time at a significantly slower rate. If the Enterprise were traveling safely at close to the speed of light to the center of our galaxy from Earth, it would take 25, years of Earth time. For the crew, however, the trip would probably only take 10 years.
Although that timeframe might be possible for the individuals onboard, we're presented with yet another problem -- a Federation attempting to run an intergalactic civilization would run into some problems if it took 50, years for a starship to hit the center of our galaxy and come back.
So the Enterprise has to avoid the speed of light in order to keep the passengers onboard in synch with Federation time. At the same time, it also must reach speeds faster than that of light in order to move around the universe in an efficient manner. Unfortunately, as Einstein states in his Special Theory of Relativity, nothing is faster than the speed of light.
Space travel therefore would be impossible if we're looking at the special relativity. According to Einstein's General Theory of Relativity, matter bends the fabric of space and time.
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The distortion of the space-time continuum even affects the behavior of light. That's why we need to look at Einstein's later theory, the General Theory of Relativity, which describes how gravity affects the shape of space and flow of time.
David Layzer  and Eric Chaisson. Chaisson summarizes the argument as "In an expanding universe actual entropy … increases less than the maximum possible entropy"  thus allowing for, or requiring, ordered negentropic relationships to arise and persist.
Relational theory - Wikipedia
Chaisson depicts the universe as a non-equilibrium process, in which energy flows into and through ordered systems, such as galaxies, stars, and life processes. This provides a cosmological basis for non-equilibrium thermodynamicstreated elsewhere to some extent in this encyclopedia at this time. In terms which unite non-equilibrium thermodynamics language and relational analyses language, patterns of processes arise and are evident as ordered, dynamic relational regimes.
Basic levels[ edit ] There seems to be agreement that life is a manifestation of non-equilibrium thermodynamics, both as to individual living creatures and as to aggregates of such creatures, or ecosystems. In such systems, energy feeds through a stable, or correlated, set of dynamic processes, both engendering the system and maintaining the stability of the ordered, dynamic relational regime.
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A familiar example of such a structure is the Red Spot of Jupiter. In the s, Eric Schnieder and J. Kaye  began to develop the concept of life working off differentials, or gradients e. Schneider and Dorion Sagan have since elaborated on the view of life dynamics and the ecosystem in Into the Cool. As noted above, Chaisson  has provided a conceptual grounding for the existence of the differentials, or gradients, off which, in the view of Kaye, Schneider, Sagan and others, life works.
Those differentials and gradients arise in the ordered structures such as suns, chemical systems, and the like created by correlation processes entailed in the expansion and cooling processes of the universe. Two investigators, Robert Ulanowicz  and Stuart Kauffman.
In this construct, a group of elements catalyse reactions in a cyclical, or topologically circular, fashion. Several investigators have used these insights to suggest essential elements of a thermodynamic definition of the life process, which might briefly be summarized as stable, patterned correlated processes which intake and dissipate energy, and reproduce themselves.Space-Time And The Speed Of Light - Einstein's Relativity
In this approach, an ecosystem is a system of networks of relationships a common viewpoint at presentwhich can be quantified and depicted at a basic level in terms of the degrees of order or organization manifested in the systems. Two prominent investigators, Lynn Margulis and, more fully, Leo Buss  have developed a view of the evolved life structure as exhibiting tiered levels of dynamic aggregation of life units.
In each level of aggregation, the component elements have mutually beneficial, or complementary, relationships. Social organization[ edit ] Social network theory has in recent decades expanded into a large field reaching across a large range of topics. Among other things, social network analyses are now applied to political, professional, military, and other closely attended subject matters. The internet, because of its low cost, broad reach, and combinatorial capacity, has become a prominent example of social networking, as is evident in this encyclopedia, YouTube, Facebook, and other recent developments.
As a readily available illustration of a dynamic relational network system, at the human technology level, the internet has become a subject for analyses of how networks of relationships can arise and function. Related areas of current interest[ edit ] Second law of thermodynamics[ edit ] The development of non equilibrium thermodynamics and the observations of cosmological generation of ordered systems, identified above, have engendered proposed modifications in the interpretation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics, as compared with the earlier interpretations on the late 19th and the 20th century.
For example, Chaisson and Layzer have advanced reconciliations of the concept of entropy with the cosmological creation of order. In another approach, Schneider and D.
Sagan, in Into the Cool and other publications, depict the organization of life, and some other phenomena such as benard cellsas entropy generating phenomena which facilitate the dissipation, or reduction, of gradients without in this treatment visibly getting to the prior issue of how gradients have arisen.
The ubiquity of power law and log-normal distribution manifestations in the universe[ edit ] The development of network theories has yielded observations of widespread, or ubiquitous, appearance of power law and log-normal distributions of events in such networks, and in nature generally.
Both Buchanan and Barabasi reported the demonstrations of a variety of investigators that such power law distributions arise in phase transitions. In Barabasi's characterization "…if the system is forced to undergo a phase transition … then power laws emerge — nature's unmistakable sign that chaos is departing in favor of order.
The theory of phase transitions told us loud and clear that the road from disorder to order is maintained by the powerful forces of self organization and paved with power laws. Emergence[ edit ] The relational regime approach includes a straightforward derivation of the concept of emergence.
From the perspective of relational theories of order, emergent phenomena could be said to be relational effects of an aggregated and differentiated system made of many elements, in a field of relationships external to the considered system, when the elements of the considered system, taken separately and independently, would not have such effects.
For example, the stable structure of a rock, which allows very few degrees of freedom for its elements, can be seen to have a variety of external manifestations depending on the relational system in which it may be found. It could impede fluid flow, as a part of a retaining wall. If it were placed in a wind tunnel, it could be said to induce turbulence in the flow of air around it. In contests among rivalrous humans, it has sometimes been a convenient skull cracker.
Or it might become, though itself a composite, an element of another solid, having similarly reduced degrees of freedom for its components, as would a pebble in a matrix making up cement. See the composite material article for a useful description of how varying components can, in a composite, yield effects within an external field of use, or relational setting, which the components alone would not yield. This perspective has been advanced by Peter Corning, among others.
In Corning's words, " Wholes produce unique combined effects, but many of these effects may be co-determined by the context and the interactions between the whole and its environment s. The term "emergence" has been used in the very different sense of characterizing the tiering of relational systems groupings made of groupings which constitutes the apparently progressive development of order in the universe, described by Chaisson, Layzer, and others, and noted in the Cosmology and Life Organization portions of this page.
See for an additional example the derived, popularized narrative Epic of Evolution described in this encyclopedia. From his perspective, Corning adverts to this process of building 'wholes' which then in some circumstances participate in complex systems, such as life systems, as follows "