# Cause and effect relationship math music

Experimental method allows us to study cause-and-effect relationship. to study the effect of music on student's accuracy in solving mathematical problems. Also, studies have attempted to draw a cause and effect relationship between music study and academic achievement (Friedman, ). Greenberg and Fisher . The main goal of the study is to know the effects of music as motivation in learning. . cause-and– effect relationships between variables under conditions which.

Frame 4 In the diagrams presents the feedback gives the direct flow of paradigm from the output back to the input and process, which means that further studies can spring as a result of findings presented in the output. Effects of Music as a Motivation in Learning Mathematics: A Quantitative Analysis Statement of the Problem This study aims to determine the effect of music as a motivation in learning mathematics. Specifically, this study will seek to answer the following questions: What are the mean scores of controlled group and experimental group as revealed by the pretest and posttest?

Is there a significant difference between the pretest and posttest mean scores of the controlled group and experimental group? Is there a significant difference between the posttests mean scores of controlled group and experimental group? Hypotheses There is no significant difference between the pretest and posttest mean scores of the controlled group and experimental group. There is no significant difference between the posttest mean scores of controlled group and experimental group.

The study will use an experimental research method. It will be conducted during the third quarter of the School Year This will involve the grade 7 students of Tagumpay National High School which become as respondents of these studies. The study will have controlled group and experimental group.

The students will answer the pretest before the study then after they listen to music the students will answer the posttest. The researchers will do questionnaire checklist in rooms of Grade 7 students and give the questionnaire to the students to know the effects of music in learning mathematics. Significance of the study This study will benefited by the following persons: The result of this study will help students to improve their academic performance.

The result of this study can help in providing strategies and approaches in discussing lessons.

The result of this study can help to monitor their children about the academic performance in school. The result of this study can help them to improve the school and other students. The result of this study will serve as basis to conduct similar studies.

Definition of Terms For clarification of the study, the researchers conceptually and operationally defined the following terms: This refers to the group of persons that did not exposed to music.

This refers to the results of given action in study. This refers to the group of persons that expose to the music. This refers to the young persons of under the care of teacher and serves as our respondents.

This refers to the logic and knowledge of the students. This refers to the total average scores of the controlled and experimental group.

This refers to the strategies that can be used to motivate the students.

### Effect of Music in Learning Mathematics | Gheromafer Olivar - catchsomeair.us

This refers to the process or tool to boost the self-esteem of the students. This refers to a criterion-referenced test for knowledge or performance based largely on what has been taught or on the specified objective of the programmed lessons. This refers to a criterion-referenced test for knowledge or performance on which the students know about the subject matter for the programmed lessons before taking the programmed materials. It refers to the numerical description or quantity of a certain studies.

The research design discusses the type of research used by the researchers to determine the facts from the study. The setting of the study underlines the places where the researchers conducted the study. The subject of the study explains the respondents chosen in conducting the study.

It also includes the population technique on how the subjects were chosen. It includes the source of data includes the research instruments used by the researchers to gather data for the study and lastly, statistical treatment that will be used in study.

Research design The researchers adapted the experimental method and Pretest-Posttest Control Group design of research. The process of experimental research goes beyond gathering information for the present existing conditions. Experimental research involves observation for a scientific purpose, usually to test cause-and— effect relationships between variables under conditions which, as far as possible, are controlled by the researcher.

### Cause and Effect Relationship | eMathZone

It involves the use of scientific observation, but more than observation, it involves the manipulation and control of phenomena. The Pretest-Posttest Control Group design is the preferred method to compare participant groups and measure the degree of change occurring as a result of treatments or interventions. The use of this method was to justify the intention and purpose of the researchers which was to know the effects of music as motivation in learning mathematics in academic performance of the students.

The Principal of this school is Dr. This school was established on June 30, The establishment of the a new high school in the area is for the reason of an educational institution, Tagumpay National High School was opened and tasked to fulfill the DECS noble mission which is to provide quality education that will help develop the students academically, spiritually and socially through competent teachers, administrators and stake holders.

In compliance to district Memorandum dated June promulgated by the officers-in-charge Mr.

The first two months was very difficult for everyone especially on the part of these teachers. They started with nothing.

• Procedures

They had no books, no tables, no canteen funds, and no chairs. The enrollment reached at more than After a month, the supervision was turned over to Mrs. With her effort, the school was able to owe additional teachers and many of its facilities with the help of Iglesiani Cristo that donates teachers tables, the Municipality of Rodriguez that sent additional volunteer teachers and other financial assistance and also with the help of Provincial Capital that donates additional students chairs, provincial items for teachers and also the provider of school building and covered court.

In the same school year Mrs. In addition, she also lent some her teachers from the same school to solve the school problem on lack of teachers. Through fund-raising, more equipment were purchased like Karaoke, DVD player, kitchen wares, sala and dining set, a set of computer, sewing machine and other school facilities. Everything was almost complete at the end of the school year, so Mrs.

Camarse requested for the approval of making this school as a national school and it was also given on the same year. The next Principals, Dr. Nocon with their dynamic supervision and leadership, the school has continued to grow. At present, with the leadership of Mr. It is possible that the thickness of ice decreases due to an increase in temperature. But it is also possible that the thickness of the ice is decreasing due to the weight and hardening of the ice.

We may be regressing the thickness against the temperature only while another important factor is being ignored. In this type of problem, more than one regression equation is developed and then the equations are solved simultaneously to estimate the unknown parameters.

We may think that an increase in the number of workers increases the production of fans in a factory. The increase in may be due to a change in the administration and some changes about the leave rules and other benefits.

In a regression relationship there may or may not be a casual relationship between and. The function of background music varies with the individual listener and with the nature of the task or activity in which the listener is involved. Such a task or activity could be studying or other academic preparation.

Students of all ages have often claimed that they can study and learn more effectively while listening to music. Yet a solid research base for these claims seems to be lacking. While music appears to enhance some individuals' learning, it may be distracting to others. The possible effects of exposure to music and music instruction on nonmusical learning have received some previous attention from the music education research community.

Two reviews of literature Hanshumaker, ; Wolff, discussed the extramusical effects of music education. The results of these reviews demonstrated mixed results.

While some research indicated there may be some measurable effects of music instruction on cognitive skill, due to some inadequacies in the experimental designs such positive conclusions should be viewed with caution.

Also, studies have attempted to draw a cause and effect relationship between music study and academic achievement Friedman, Greenberg and Fisher discovered that background music had a statistically significant effect on psychological test scores.

However, the direct effects of exposure to musical sounds during study or academic testing have received comparatively little attention.

Henderson, Crews, and Barlow found that popular music distracted subjects on a paragraph comprehension test, while it had no effect on vocabulary test scores. In a similar study, LaBach found background music had no effect on reading comprehension scores.

He also discovered that the subjects' preference for listening to music while studying had no significant effect when used as a covariate. Etaugh and Michaels found an interaction between gender and frequency of studying to music that affected reading comprehension scores. However, Kelly did not find this interaction in a later study. Studies that have examined the exposure to musical sounds on math skills have had similar results.

Wolf and Weiner reported a statistically significant difference between music and silent conditions on arithmetic test scores. However, they attributed this difference to habituation as most of the test subjects reported that they listened to "hard rock" music when they studied.