Bhanu Chander - WikiVisually
List of the best Bhanu Chander movies, ranked best to worst with movie trailers when available. Bhanu Chander's highest grossing movies have received a lot of . List of movies Archana done with Bhanuchander together. Find all Bhanuchander, Archana movies. Report any content issue here. Find Us on; Facebook. Nireekshana Movie Heroine Archana Unknown Facts, Untold Tragedy Story Behind famous Top drama film directed by Balu Mahendra starring Bhanu Chander and Archana (actress). Nandi Award issue about tollywood top actress. Be Exported Western Political Theory And Ethnic Relations In Eastern Europe · Turin.
Thus the director ensures that all involved in the film production are working towards an identical vision for the completed film. The set of varying challenges he or she has to tackle has been described as a jigsaw puzzle with egos. It adds to the pressure that the success of a film can influence when, omnipresent are the boundaries of the films budget. Additionally, the director may also have to ensure an intended age rating, thus, the position of film director is widely considered to be a highly stressful and demanding one.
It has been said that hour days are not unusual, under European Union law, the film director is considered the author or one of the authors of a film, largely as a result of the influence of auteur theory. Auteur theory is a film criticism concept that holds that a directors film reflects the directors personal creative vision 6. Cinema of India — The cinema of India consists of films produced across India. Cinema as a medium has gained popularity in the country. Indian films have come to be followed throughout South Asia.
Dadasaheb Phalke is known as the father of Indian cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, for lifetime contribution to cinema, was instituted in his honour, by the Government of India inand is the most prestigious and coveted award in Indian cinema.
In the 20th century, Indian cinema, along with the Hollywood and Chinese film industries, as ofin terms of annual film output, India ranks first, followed by Nollywood, Hollywood and China. Enhanced technology paved the way for upgrading from established norms of delivering product. Visual effects based, super hero science fiction, and epic films like Enthiran, Baahubali, Indian cinema found markets in over 90 countries where films from India are screened.
The Indian government extended film delegations to countries such as the United States of America. By as many as 30 film production companies had been listed in the National Stock Exchange of India, the South Indian film industry defines the four film cultures of South India as a single entity.
They are the Tamil, the Telugu, the Malayalam and the Kannada industries, although developed independently over a long period, gross exchange of film performers and technicians as well as globalisation helped to shape this new identity. With Stevensons encouragement and camera Hiralal Sen, an Indian photographer, made a film of scenes from that show, the Wrestlers by H.
Bhatavdekar showing a wrestling match at the Hanging Gardens in Bombay was the first film ever to be shot by an Indian. The female roles in the film were played by male actors, the film marked a historic benchmark in the film industry in India 7. Telugu cinema — Telugu cinema, also known by its sobriquet Tollywood, is the segment of Indian cinema dedicated to the production of motion pictures in the Telugu language. The industry is based in Film Nagar, a neighbourhood of Hyderabad, sinceRaghupathi Venkaiah Naidu, an Indian film maker, was involved in producing short films and travelling to different regions in Asia to promote film work.
Inhe produced the first Telugu silent film, Bhishma Pratigna and he is cited as the father of Telugu cinema. Multilingual actor Vuppaladadiyam Nagaiah was known as the Paul Muni of India, one of the actors of south Indian cinema. In the years ,, and the industry has produced the largest number of films in India, the industry holds the Guinness World Record for the largest film production facility in the world. Baahubali, The Beginning became the second globally highest-grossing Indian film of all time, on the other hand, Yaragudipati Varada Rao and, R.
InAndhra Cine Tone was built in Visakhapatnam by Gottumukkala Jagannadha Raju and he introduced digital theater sound with the film Jagadamba. The first Telugu film with dialogue, Bhakta Prahlada, was produced by H. Bhakta Prahlada was completed on 15 Septemberwhich became known as Telugu Film Day to commemorate its completion. Popularly known as talkies, films with sound quickly grew in number, inthe industry saw its first major commercial success with Lavakusa. Pullaiah and starring Parupalli Subbarao and Sriranjani in lead roles, the film attracted unprecedented numbers of viewers to theatres, bythe mass appeal of film allowed directors to move away from religious and mythological themes.
That year, under the direction of Krithiventi Nageswara Rao, Prema Vijayam, inGudavalli Ramabrahmam, has co-produced and directed the social problem film, Mala Pilla which dealt with the crusade against untouchability, prevailing in pre-independent India. Nagaiah in the lead role 8. Balu Mahendra — Born into a Sri Lankan Tamil household, Mahendra developed a passion towards photography and literature at a young age. A graduate of the London University, he started his career as a draughtsman before gaining an admission to the Film, Mahendra entered films as a cinematographer in the early s and gradually rose to becoming a film-maker by the end of the decade.
Making his directorial debut through the Kannada film Kokila, Mahendra made over 20 films in all South Indian languages and he was one of the earliest film-makers in Tamil cinema to introduce realism and helped revitalise the industry.
At the tail end of his career, he established a school in Chennai which offers courses in cinematography, direction. Following a brief phase of poor health, Mahendra died of cardiac arrest in Februarywidely regarded as an auteur, Mahendra wrote the script for his films, handled the camera and edited the film himself apart from directing.
Mahendra was born in into a Sri Lankan Tamil family in the village Amirthakali near Batticaloa, born to a professor father, he did his schooling at Methodist Central College and St.
As a teenager, he was drawn towards films by his class teacher and it was during this time he happened to see Bicycle Thieves and Battleship Potemkin. When he was at the grade, he got an opportunity to witness the making of David Leans The Bridge on the River Kwai during a school field trip.
Inspired by Leans personality, Mahendra determined to become a film-maker, right from his childhood, Mahendra was interested in fine arts and literature.
Archana (actress) - WikiVividly
Upon completion of school, he joined the London University and graduated with a degree in science. After his graduation, he returned to Sri Lanka and worked in Colombo as a draughtsman in the department for a brief period during which he edited a Tamil literary magazine titled Thyen Aruvi. In Colombo, he worked as a drama artist with Radio Ceylon. Mahendras passion for cinema prompted him to leave for India and join the Film and Television Institute of India and he had to take up cinematography as he could not gain admissions to other disciplines.
InMahendra graduated from the institute with a gold medal, as a fresh graduate from the FTII, Mahendras early attempts to enter Tamil cinema were unsuccessful. Though the filming of Nellu began inproduction delays postponed its release for three years, meanwhile, Kariat signed up Mahendra for another film titled Maaya which released in 9.
Rajamouli is an Indian film director and screenwriter, known for his works primarily in Telugu cinema. Although working in the medium, his films are noted for their technical finesse. The film has received the National Film Award for Best Feature Film and his other works include the sports drama film Sye, the social problem film Vikramarkudu, which was screened at the International Film Festival of India in the mainstream section. The melodrama films Maryada Ramanna, Vikramarkudu and Chhatrapati were remade in various Indian languages, with successful reviews.
The film has received Best art direction award at the Fantaspoa film festival of Brazil, inhe directed Baahubali, The Beginning, which became the second Global highest grossing Indian film of all time, and the highest grossing Indian film of all time within India. His first shot at Telugu films was Student No.
NTR which was a big hit in and it took two long years for Rajamouli to come up with his second movie and delivered a blockbuster with his second movie Simhadri. In the two-year gap between Student No. InAssistant art director Manu Jagath, who worked as the art director for Baahubali. Rajamoulis third movie was Sye with actors Nithin and Genelia DSouza and it was a first-of-its-kind movie in Tollywood, in that it was based on a rugby game.
This movie was also the first instance where Rajamouli collaborated with K. Senthil Kumar, with his next flick Chatrapathi, Rajamouli again evoked emotions with the audience.
The music of M. Keeravani and cinematography by Senthil Kumar added to the films success, in his next stint Vikramarkudu, Rajamouli worked with Raviteja. The movie was a big success and was remade into Hindi as Rowdy Rathore by Prabhu Deva with Akshay kumar in the lead, into Tamil as Siruthai and he then directed Yamadonga, a socio-fantasy film praised by critics The film tells the story of Chandru, who has a hatred towards prostitutes.
He falls in love with Rekha and believes marrying her will end his psychological distress, Moodu Pani was the third directorial venture of Mahendra and his second Tamil film after Azhiyatha Kolangal. It was the first appearance of Mohan in a Tamil film, Moodu Pani was shot mostly in Bangalore, with additional filming taking place in Ooty.
The films similarities to Alfred Hitchcocks Psycho and the Oedipal elements between Chandru and his mother have been widely discussed, the soundtrack was composed by Ilaiyaraaja, this being his th film, and his brother Gangai Amaran was the main lyricist. Moodu Pani was released on 6 November to critical acclaim, with praise for the performances of Pothen and Shoba.
The film was a success, running for over days in theatres. It was also responsible for a resurgence of the genre in Tamil cinema at that point. Despite the film propelling Pothen to stardom, it led to him being typecast in similar roles. Raghunath, an inspector, knows Chandru and his mother. His son Ravi is engaged to Rekha, the daughter of his friend, haunted by memories of the prostitute, Chandru lures two prostitutes to lonely places and murders them as he sees that woman in each of them.
Rekhas female friend Pallavi comes to Bangalore to meet her, the conversation is overheard by the Madam of a brothel, who misleads Pallavi. Instead of being taken to Rekhas house, Pallavi is taken to the brothel, Rekha and Raghunath search for Pallavi. Chandru comes to the brothel and takes Pallavi in his car. Rekha learns of Pallavis murder through Raghunath, neither Rekha nor Raghunath are aware that Chandru is the murderer, still photographer Bhaskar takes pictures of his lover with a motorbike in the background.
Chandru, who had come on that motorbike, had parked it there and murdered a prostitute who enticed him near the same location, reading about the murder in a newspaper, Bhaskar shows Raghunath the pictures with the murderers motorbike in the background.
Raghunath investigates and learns that the owner has lent it to his friend, Chandru meets Rekha at a theatre and then at a book stall. He proposes to Rekha and even pleads with her to marry him, surprised at his extreme pleading, Rekha politely informs him that she loves someone else, and their marriage is already fixed Black belt martial arts — In East Asian martial arts, the black belt is a way to describe a graduate of a field where a practitioners level is often marked by the color of the belt.
The black belt is commonly the highest belt color used and denotes a degree of competence and it is often associated with a teaching grade though frequently not the highest grade or the expert of public perception. It is also a recent invention rather than an ancient custom. Previously, Japanese Koryu instructors tended to provide certificates, initially the wide obi was used, as practitioners trained in kimono, only white and black obi were used.
It was not until the early s, after the introduction of the judogi, other martial arts later adopted the custom or a variation of it to denote rank. This includes martial arts that traditionally did not have a rank structure. This kind of ranking is less common in arts that do not claim a far eastern origin, Rank and belts are not equivalent between arts, styles, or even within some organizations. In some arts, a belt is expected in three years, while in others ten years may be common.
Testing for black belt is commonly more rigorous and more centralized than for lower grades, in contrast to the black belt as master stereotype, a black belt commonly indicates the wearer is competent in a styles basic technique and principles. Shobana received her first award for the Malayalam film Manichitrathazhu inas ofthe late Monisha Unni remains the youngest recipient of the honour, she was awarded for the Malayalam film Nakhakshathangal in when she was Indrani Haldar and Rituparna Sengupta are the two actresses to be honoured for the same film.
Headquartered at Chennai, The Hindu was published weekly when it was launched in and it is the second most circulated English-language newspaper in India, with average qualifying sales of 1.
The Hindu has its largest base of circulation in southern India, the newspaper and other publications in The Hindu Group are owned by a family-held company, Kasturi and Sons Ltd. InThe newspaper employs over 1, workers, most of the revenue comes from advertising and subscription. The Hindu became, inthe first Indian newspaper to offer an online edition, started in order to support the campaign of Sir T.
About 80 copies of the issue were printed at Srinidhi Press, Georgetown on one rupee. Subramania Iyer became the first editor and Veera Raghavacharya, the first managing director of the newspaper, the paper initially printed from Srinidhi Press but later moved on Scottish Press, then, The Hindu Press, Mylapore, and finally to the National Press on Mount Road.
Started as a newspaper, the paper became a tri-weekly in A single copy of the newspaper was priced at four annas, the offices moved to rented premises at Mount Road on 3 December The newspaper started printing at its own press there, named The National Press, the Hindu was initially liberal in its outlook and is now considered left leaning. Its editorial stances have earned it the nickname, the Maha Vishnu of Mount Road, in between, there were more views than news.
The partnership between Veeraraghavachariar and Subramania Iyer was dissolved in OctoberIyer quit the paper and Veeraraghavachariar became the sole owner and appointed C. However, The Hindus adventurousness began to decline in the s and so did its circulation, Kasturi Ranga Iyengars ancestors had served the courts of Vijayanagar and Mahratta Tanjore.
Since then the newspaper has been owned entirely by the members of the Kasturi Ranga Iyengar family, in the late s, when its ownership passed into the hands of the familys younger members, a change in political leaning was observed. Joint managing director N. Murali said in JulyIt is true that our readers have been complaining that some of our reports are partial, but it also depends on reader beliefs.
On 3 and 23 Septemberthe letters column carried responses from readers saying the editorial was biased. In —88, The Hindus coverage of the Bofors arms deal scandal, the investigation was led by a part-time correspondent of The Hindu, Chitra Subramaniam, reporting from Geneva, and was supported by Ram in Chennai 6.
Shabana Azmi — Shabana Azmi is an Indian actress of film, television and theatre. The daughter of poet Kaifi Azmi and stage actress Shaukat Azmi, she is the alumna of Film and she has also received five Filmfare Awards, and was honored among women in cinema at the 30th International Film Festival of India.
Inthe Government of India awarded her with Padma Shri, Azmi has appeared in over Hindi and Bengali films in both mainstream and independent cinema, and since she has acted in several foreign projects. Numerous of her films have been cited as a form of progressivism which portrays Indian society, its customs, in addition to acting, Azmi is a social and womens rights activist. She is the wife of poet and screenwriter Javed Akhtar and she is a Goodwill Ambassador of the United Nations Population Fund which seeks to spread contraception and abortion in India in order to limit that countrys population.
In appreciation of Azmis life and works, the Congress partys government gave her a membership of the Rajya Sabha. Her brother, Baba Azmi, is a cinematographer, shabana was named at the age of eleven by Ali Sardar Jafri. Her parents used to call her Munni, Baba Azmi was named by Prof. Masood Siddiqui to Ahmer Azmi.
Her parents had a social life, and their home was always thriving with people. It was not unusual for her to wake up in the morning and find members of the communist party sleeping about, Azmi did her schooling at the premier girls school, Queen Mary School, Mumbai. She completed a degree in Psychology from St. I really marvelled at that and said, My god, if by going to the Film Institute I can achieve that, Azmi eventually topped the list of successful candidates of Belonging to the genre of neo-realistic films, Ankur is based on a true story which occurred in Hyderabad.
Azmi played Lakshmi, a servant and villager who drifts into an affair with a college student who visits the countryside. Azmi was not the choice for the film, and several leading actresses of that time refused to do it. The film went on to become a critical success 7. The industry is regulated by the South Indian Film Chamber of Commerce, ina European exhibitor first screened a selection of silent short films at the Victoria Public Hall in Madras.
The films all featured non-fictional subjects, they were mostly photographed records of day-to-day events, in Madras, the Electric Theatre was established for the screening of silent films. It was a haunt of the British community in Madras. The theatre was shut down after a few years and this building is now part of a post office complex on Anna Salai. The Lyric Theatre was also built in the Mount Road area and this venue boasted a variety of events, including plays in English, Western classical music concerts, and ballroom dances.
Silent films were screened as an additional attraction. He erected tents for screening films and his tent cinema became popular and he travelled all over the state with his mobile unit. In later years, he produced talkies and also built a cinema in Coimbatore, to celebrate the event of King George Vs visit ina grand exhibition was organised in Madras.
Its major attraction was the screening of films accompanied by sound. However, there was no synched dialogue, raghupathy Venkiah Naidu, a successful photographer, took over the equipment after the exhibition and set up a tent cinema near the Madras High Court. Venkiah, flush with funds, built in a permanent cinema in the Mount Road area named Gaiety Theatre and it was the first in Madras to screen films on a full-time basis.
The theatre later closed for commercial developments, the first of its kind was established in Madras, called Edisons Grand Cinemamegaphone. This was due to the fact that electric carbons were used for motion picture projectors, full-fledged film studios were built in Salem and Coimbatore.
Chennai became the hub of activity with two more movie studios built in Chennai, Vijaya Vauhini Studios and Gemini Studios. Nataraja, who established the India Film Company Limited 8. Regarded as one of the greatest actresses in the history of Hindi cinema, she made her debut as a child in Talash-E-Haq in InNargis married her Mother India co-star, actor Sunil Dutt and she would appear infrequently in films during the s.
Some of her films of this include the drama Raat Aur Din. Along with her husband, Nargis formed the Ajanta Arts Cultural Troupe, Nargis died in of pancreatic cancer, a few days before her son Sanjay Dutt made his debut in Hindi films.
Her father Abdul Rashid alias Mohan Babu, was originally a wealthy Mohyal Tyagi, from Rawalpindi and her mother was Jaddanbai, a Hindustani classical music singer and one of the early pioneers of Indian cinema. She introduced Nargis into the movie culture unfolding in India at the time, Nargis maternal half-brother, Anwar Hussain, also became a film actor.
Fatima made her first film appearance in the film Talashe Haq when she was six years old, Nargis is a Persian word meaning Narcissus, the daffodil flower. She was subsequently credited as Nargis in all of her films, Nargis appeared in numerous films after her debut, she won lasting fame for her later, adult, roles, starting with at the age of 14, in Mehboob Khans Taqdeer in opposite, Motilal.
She starred in many popular Hindi films of the late s and s such as Barsaat, Andaz, Awaara, Deedar, Shree and she appeared in Mehboob Khans Oscar-nominated rural drama Mother India in for which she won the Filmfare Best Actress Award for her performance.
After her marriage to Sunil Dutt inNargis gave up her career to settle down with her family. She made her last film appearance in the film Raat Aur Din, the film was well received and Nargis performance as a woman who suffers from multiple-personality disorder, was critically acclaimed. The charisma of Nargiss screen image lay in that it oscillated between the simple and the chic with equal ease and she was also nominated to the Rajya Sabha from —81 but due to cancer she fell ill and died during her tenure 9.
Waheeda Rehman — She is noted for her contributions to different genres of films from the s, s and early s. She has been cited as the Bollywoods most beautiful actress by media outlets. Rehman was born in Chengalpattu, Tamil Nadu, India and she was in her teens when her father died.
Her dream was to become a doctor but, due to her circumstances and her mother illness. In order, to help her family, she hit the screen with Telugu films, Jayasimha, followed by Rojulu Marayi. She and her sister learnt Bharatnatyam in Chennai, where Guru Trichunder Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai and in Bombay Guru Jayalaxmi Alva, doyen among nattuvanars taught and her father, who was a district commissioner, died while she was in her teens.
It is a misconception that Rehman was born in Andra Pradesh. I was born in Chengalpattu, she reveals, I used to have a house in Chennai. So, why the belief that she was born in Hyderabad. However, it went on to become a hit, I was in Hyderabad celebrating its success and Guru Dutt happened to be there.
He was on a lookout for new faces and heard that I could speak in Urdu and it is because he spotted me in Hyderabad that people assume I was born there. Her dream was to become a doctor but, due to circumstances of illness, Waheeda Rehman, started her career in films in and her first successful films were the Telugu films Jayasimha, Rojulu Marayi and Tamil film Kaalam Maari Pochu.
Dutt brought her to Bombay and cast as a vamp in his production CID, a few years after joining the Hindi film industry, she lost her mother. Dutt gave her a role in Pyaasa. Their next venture together, Kaagaz Ke Phool, depicted the story of a successful directors decline after he falls for his leading lady It is located immediately to the east of Seoul, in the heart of the Capital Metropolitan Area, the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty are located in the city.
The low mountain of Achasan is also located here, site of the Baekje-era Acha Mountain Fortress and it also has pleasant walking paths along Wang-suk-cheon, a small creek separating Guri from Namyangju.