The Relationship of Arjuna and Krsna | Mahavidya
However the relation Lord Krishna and Pandava Arjuna shared was a the solutions of some critical problems that we face in day-to-day life. Arjuna (in Devanagari: अर्जुन arjuna) is the main central character of the ancient Indian epic 11 Abhimanyu's marriage; 12 Kurukshetra War. Bhagavad Gita . In any case, Khandavaprastha was where Arjuna and Krishna's friendship was truly forged. .. As Krishna dispenses the advice, Arjuna asks the questions. Krishna and Arjuna embody the archetypal Guru and Disciple, but on an even If you examine your own heart, you will see how this basic relationship has been in God or not, there is something out there to which the questioner questions.
It is about two men who are about to prove themselves to their fathers, themselves and their worlds Rajagoplachari Another similarity taken from this story would be that the two men know how to complement one another and by doing so how to fight off other warriors sufficiently. In the end of the story the men are granted a favour from the god Indra, who has now been defeated by Arjuna, a proven man to his father the god Indra. Krsna chooses to remain close companions with Arjuna for all his life as his wish Katz This is an incredible request that lets us see the true companionship that Krsna feels with Arjuna and not just the devotion that is normally shown of Arjuna toward Krsna.
Part of the closeness between Arjuna and Krsna can be seen in its opposing relationship, between Krsna and Duryodhana.
At one point Krsna goes to Duryodhana and shows him a truth. Much the same as when he shows Arjuna his true identity as the god Visnu in the story of the Bhagavad Gita. This little side story to the Mahabharata only accents the commitment and devotion that Arjuna holds for Krsna Katz The devotion that is shown by Arjuna for Krsna is a model throughout the Mahabharata.
There are also references to the relationship between the gods, Indra and Visnu. The two gods have a friendship themselves and the friendship between Arjuna and Krsna hints at the same friendship as the one shared between the two father gods Katz This is an interesting side note as it leads to the idea of a strong eternal friendship between two equals.
Right after the Pandavas are exiled for thirteen years by Duryodhana they begin their journey into the forest. Krsna, hearing of their exile, rushes out to say goodbye to them and to see them off. He finds the Pandavas and appears to them in the forest.
He comforts them, especially Draupadi, who is upset over her disrobing scene. He then assures vengeance on the Kauravas, then says goodbye and is on his way. Before the great war of Kurukshetra, Arjuna and his cousin Duryodhana race to Krsnas kingdom in efforts of recruiting him for either side of the war. Arjuna chooses Krsna as his advisor and chariot driver. In choosing Krsna as his advisor, Arjuna shows his loyalty and support in his friendship with Krsna.
This friendship grows out of its equality, stability and emotional support on both sides. Sometimes Krsna is needed to show Arjuna the path of dharma and this is what he does through some of the stories in the Mahabharata Katz This way of the dharmic path Krsna shows to Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita when he tells Arjuna what to do in the war in many different scenarios that make the dharmic path confusing even for such a man as Arjuna, son of a god, with such intensity, that of a true warrior Rosen This need for a teacher as well as another warrior that Arjuna possesses is a common theme throughout this history of literature as well as human life.
It shows up in almost all aspects of his life, when he needs someone to help him convince people of things, or when he needs another set of hands to defeat enemies. He also needed a teacher to help him with his duties in his life as a warrior. The theme of the warrior friendship seems to hold common place among many stories throughout history [e. Most often the friendships have a bit of a hero complex, meaning that one man is greater than the other, or is seen as more important than the other Katz It represents a relationship with god himself and how humans should treat god and be treated by god.
It is seen as the perfect friendship with complete trust, enlightenment, teaching and support Katz It is the extra characteristic he holds that completes him as a perfect being. As well as this unconditional devotion to Krsna shows him to be representing of the warrior class and their specific dharma Katz The Mahabharata is a story told that portrays a friendship between two men.
Infused with some confidence, Arjuna built a third bridge, using every bit of his ingenuity. Try crossing it now", he said to the monkey. The monkey happily obliged.
Arjuna - Wikipedia
He walked on, but the bridge was still solid. He began to jump on the bridge but it did not collapse. The monkey was surprised. He was large as a mountain now. Arjuna was awestruck when he saw that his challenger was none other than the great Hanuman himself. He bowed his head in reverence, realizing that sooner or later his bridge would succumb to the strength of the great monkey.
The bridge did not collapse. Not even under the weight of the now gigantic Hanuman. He could not comprehend what was happening. There seemed to be no logical explanation as to why the bridge hadn't broken yet. Apparently, Hanuman couldn't fathom things either. He began jumping on the bridge but it still wouldn't yield. All the while the boy was smiling.
In a moment of enlightenment, it struck both participants of the contest that their adjudicator was no ordinary boy. Arjuna and Hanuman fell at his feet and then Vishnu was standing before them. I protected your bridge from collapsing, Arjuna. Vanity and pride undo the best of men. Dear Hanumanyou should have known better than to humiliate Arjuna thus.
He is a fine warrior, one of the best of his times. How could you drive him into giving up his life?
You shall be present on the banner of Arjuna's chariot when he rides out to do battle in the great war of his age that is to come. Finally he reached Dwarkathe place where his cousin Krishna resided. Arjuna had, in his childhood, heard about Krishna's sister, Subhadra. Krishna, wishing to further tie their families, knew of Arjuna's visit and devised a plan to arrange their meeting. Accordingly, Arjuna disguised himself as a Yati and stayed at Krishna's palace.
Arjuna was attracted to Subhadra and desired to marry her, Krishna understood Arjuna's intention and advised him to kidnap Subhadra then Arjuna kidnapped Subhadra and married with her. After this Balarama became furious upon learning of the abduction but was pacified by Vasudeva, his father, because Lord Krishna knew that whole Dwarka warriors can not defeat Arjuna alone as Arjun was invicible and undefeatable in battle.
However, Draupadi had made it clear that no other Pandava wife would be allowed to stay in her city, so Arjuna, as Krishna had advised, tricked Draupadi into meeting Subhadra as a milkmaid.
Draupadi realized she had been tricked, but she forgave Subhadra and let her stay in Indraprasthaallowing her to keep company with Arjuna in the four years when he was not with Draupadi. In due course, the union of Arjuna and Subhadra produced a son, Abhimanyu. It falls into the open palms of Sri Krishnaoffering prayers to Sun god Surya. Sri Krishna gets very angry and vows to kill him.
Gaya is a great devotee of Krishna. Krishna could not take back his vow. Narada advises Gaya to approach Arjuna and first seek his assurance of protecting him, before revealing about the person set to take his life. As per Narada's advice, the king takes Arjuna's promise for his protection before revealing Krishna's vow to kill him. Arjuna, though surprised, sticks to his word to Gaya.
The Relationship of Arjuna and Krsna
Both Arjuna and Krishna feel very sad about the situation that each of them is going to fight against the most beloved ones. Any number of dialogues between both sides makes no dent in the situation. Intervention of SubhadraNarada, RukminiSatyabhama and others fail resulting in direct combat. Both of them go into fierce fight. The weapons and astras used by both cause heavy destruction.
Because Krishna had Kodanda and Arjuna had Gandiva. Both are undefeatable and none of them gets injured. Lord Shiva appears before them and asks them to withdraw their respective destructive weapons to prevent disaster to the world.
Krishna explained the intention behind fighting against Arjuna. Many of people including Balarama complained that Krishna was partial to Pandavas. Through this he proved that he was not partial to any-one but to justice. He meant that Pandavas were right followers of justice, Arjuna being the most sincere person and that's the reason why he loved them and especially Arjuna very much.
The Mahabharata mentions several kingdoms to the north of Indraprastha which were conquered or otherwise peacefully bent-the-knee by Arjuna. Exile[ edit ] After Yudhishthira succumbed to Shakuni 's challenge in the game of dicethe Pandavas were forced to be in exile for 13 years, which included one year in anonymity.
Fight with Chitrasena[ edit ] After Pandavas lost in dice game and went on for exile, Duryodhana planned to humiliate Pandavas by showing them the luxuries enjoyed by all Kauravas and Karna. So all of them had set to forest where Pandavas were living.
In the course of Journey Duryodhana abducted a lady without knowing that she was a Gandharva. Then Gandharvas attacked entire Kauravas and Karna. Karna tried to run away from battle after getting defeated by Chitrasena,  At last Gandharvas captured all the Kauravas and Karna. On knowing this Yudhishtira asks Arjuna to free them since its Hastinapur which would be insulted. During the fight with Chitrasena, Arjuna had performed extremely impossible feats as he killed 10 lakh Gandharvas 4.
Penance for Pashupatastra[ edit ] From the epic poem Kiratarjuniya: Arjuna recognizes Shiva and surrenders to him. Painting by Raja Ravi Varma19th century. After the battle at Khandava Indra had promised Arjuna to give him all his weapons as a boon for matching him in battle with the requirement that Shiva is pleased with him. Following the advice of Yudhishtira to go on a meditation or "tapasya" to attain this divine weaponArjuna left his brothers for a penance.
Arjuna traveled for a while before reaching the mountain Indra keeladri, Vijayawada. Here he sat in meditation in the name of Lord Shiva. Arjuna managed to please Lord Shiva by his severe penance in just months because his penance generated so much intense heat that was unbearable to all living creatures of earth which ultimately forced Lord Shiva to come to earth. In that fierce battle even 8 forms of Lord Shiva failed to defeat Arjuna,  At last Arjuna gratified Mahadeva in battle by showing his prowess then Hunter Shiva transformed himself to show his real avatar and blessed Arjuna with the Pashupatastra.
Shiva lectures Arjuna on the abilities of the weapon, as well as the judgement he must use while wielding it. It is said that, apart from Lord Shiva and Arjuna no one possessed Pasupata weapon which was capable to destroy whole world. Indra then invited his son to his palace in heaven. Arjuna was amazed at the splendor of his father's palace at Amaravati. Dancers like UrvashiTilottamaRambha and Menaka entertained him.
There was a huge banquet serving different varieties of heavenly dishes. Arjuna learnt song and dance from the Gandharva, Chitrasena and Indra himself taught him all the divine weapons and also gave him his Vajra.
All other divine gods also gave their celestial astras to Arjuna. Arjuna was taken to the palace of the Nivata-kavachas, a tribe of Asuras who had a magnificent palace under the oceans. Arjuna used the Mohini-astra and the Madhava-astra to demolish these asuras. He was also taken to Hiranyapura, a palace in the sky created by a witch Puloma and his asura tribe of the Kalakanjas.
Here Arjuna uses the Raudra-astra and annihilates the demons. Brihannala Along with his brothers, Arjuna spent his last year of exile in the kingdom of Matsya.
This is the place where Urvashi's curse is implemented and Arjuna becomes a eunuch called Brihannala within themselves Pandavas called him Vijaya. Later, Arjuna arranges for Uttara to become his daughter-in-law by marrying his son Abhimanyu to her. At the same time, he prevents Subhadra from marrying Abhimanyu to Balarama 's daughter Vatsalaas the Kurus find marriages between cousins taboo.
Hearing about the death of Kichaka, Duryodhana surmises that the Pandavas were hiding in Matsya. A host of Kaurava warriors attack Virata, presumably to steal their cattle, but in reality, desiring to pierce the Pandavas' veil of anonymity. Full of bravado, Virata's son Uttar attempts to take on the army by himself while the rest of the Matsya army has been lured away to fight Susharma and the Trigartas. As suggested by Draupadi, Uttar takes Brihannala with him, as his charioteer.
When he sees the Kaurava army, Uttar loses his nerve and attempts to flee. There, Arjuna reveals his identity and those of his brothers'. Switching places with Uttar, Arjuna takes up the Gandiva and Devadatta.
Eager to defend the land that had given him refuge, Arjuna engaged the legion of Kaurava warriors. All the warriors including Bhisma, Drona, Karna, Kripa and Ashwthama attacked Arjuna but Arjuna defeated all of them one after another. Abhimanyu 's marriage[ edit ] Arjuna saved Matsya kingdom from Kurus and brought back all the cattle, sheep etc. As a gratitude Virata king offered his daughter to Arjuna. Arjuna replied Virata king gently that he had taught dance to Uttara. So he was a teacher to Uttara, a teacher treat a student as a child but not as a spouse.